Week 3 Notes

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ajax726
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233430
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Week 3 Notes
Updated:
2013-09-07 21:29:48
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NRSG 100 Exam
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Week 3 notes cards
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  1. vital signs:
    Temp, pulse, respiration, BP
    objective data that indicates how well or poorly the body is functioning
  2. every 4 hours
    how often VS should be taken in a hospitalized person with elevated temp
  3. hypothalamus
    thremoregluatory center in the __ regulates temperature
  4. surface (shell) temp
    oral, axillary, and skin surface sites
  5. Core temp
    • center of body
    • tympanic or rectal sites
    • 97-99.5°F
  6. °C = (°F - 32)
            ----------
                1.8
    • Formula to convert °F to °C
    • From F to C
  7. °F = (°C x 1.8) + 32
    • Formula to Convert °C to °F
    • From C to F
  8. lowest, highest
    body temp is __ in the morning, and __ in the evening
  9. afebrile
    without fever, normal body temp
  10. fever
    pyrexia; increased body temp
  11. febrile
    person with a fever
  12. intermittent
    fever alternates between period of fever and normal/subnormal temperature
  13. remittent
    fever fluctuates several degrees more than 3.6°F above normal but doesn't reach normal between fluctuations
  14. Constant
    fever remains constantly elevated and fluctuates less than 3.6°F
  15. relapsing
    body temp returns to normal for at least a day, but then fever recurs
  16. crisis
    fever returns to normal suddenly
  17. lysis
    fever returns to normal gradually
  18. hyperthermia
    hypothalamus set point is not changed; in extreme heat exposures or production, the mechanism that controls body temp is ineffective
  19. neurogenic fever
    usually the result of damage to the hypothalamus
  20. antipyretics
    asprin and acetaminophen
  21. hearts contraction
    pulse is produced by movement of blood during the heart's ___.
  22. autonomic NS
    pulse is regulated by the __ nervous system
  23. tachycardia
    rapid heart rate
  24. bradycardia
    slow heart rate
  25. pulse amplitude
    • quality of pulse
    • strong = normal
  26. dysrhythmia
    irregular pattern of heartbeats
  27. tachypnea
    increased resp rate
  28. bradypnea
    decreased resp rate
  29. apnea
    refers to periods of no breathing
  30. dyspnea
    difficult or labored breathing
  31. orthostatic hypotension
    weakness or fainting when rising to an errect position.
  32. too wide a cuff
    BP falsely low due to __ cuff
  33. too narrow a cuff
    BP will be falsely high due to __ cuff
  34. contraindications -
    • iv
    • mastectomy
    • av fistula
    • amputee
    • circulatory problems

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