science final:vocab

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aoh2sunny
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23350
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science final:vocab
Updated:
2010-06-14 16:49:20
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science final vocab mrs williams
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mrs williams 2010 bio final vocab
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  1. use cones, naked seed
    gymnosperms
  2. covered seed, use flowers
    Angiosperm
  3. 1 seed part
    petals in threes
    parallel leaf veins
    branching roots
    monocots
  4. 2 seed parts
    petals in 2,4,5
    branching leaf veins
    tap roots
    dicots
  5. pores that permit gas exchange
    stomata
  6. a pair of these border each stoma and allow pores to open and close
    guard cells
  7. a structure that contains the embryo of a plant
    seed
  8. soft-walled tissues that transports organic nutrients (food)
    Phloem
  9. hard-walled tissues that transports water, also gives plant support
    xylem
  10. transfer of pollen to stigma
    pollination
  11. sepals-- protect bud
    Calyx
  12. petals--attract pollinators-protect reproductive organs
    Corolla
  13. produce pollen
    stamen-androecium

    • anther
    • filament
  14. produce eggs
    pistils-gynocium

    • stigma
    • style
    • ovary
  15. 4 whorls of a complete flower
    • stamen
    • sepals
    • petals
    • pistils
  16. endosperm
    food
  17. egg nucleus
    zygote
  18. reproducing using non-reproductive parts
    vegetative reproduction (propogation)
  19. gamete producing stage
    gametophyte
  20. spore producing stage
    sporophyte
  21. Archegonium
    makes rolls
  22. Antheridium
    makes sperm
  23. attack circulatory system
    hemotoxins
  24. attack nervous system
    neurotoxins
  25. warm blooded mammals
    endotherms
  26. breathing muscle, separates chest and abdomin
    diaphragm
  27. occurs when mother stops nursing young
    weaning
  28. what mammals have to make milk for young
    mammory glands
  29. secretes oil to clean and waterproof them
    preengland
  30. soft and fuzzy to keep birds warm
    down feathers
  31. warm blooded birds
    endothermic metabolism
  32. has special gases
    to rise-fills with air
    to sink-releases air
    • swim bladder
    • (all bony fish have, but not ALL fish)
  33. endothermic
    • warm blooded
    • constant
  34. ectothermic
    • cold blooded
    • changes
  35. Archaeopteryx
    ancient wing
  36. stiff rod of tissue
    notochord
  37. provides waterproof protection over plant surface
    cuticle
  38. zones of actively dividing cells
    meristems
  39. system of tubes to transport substances in plants
    vascular system
  40. release of egg and sperm into water
    spawning
  41. vessels that carry blood from lungs to heart
    pulmonary vein
  42. opposite movement of water and blood in fish gills
    countercurrent flow
  43. most advanced of bony fish
    teleosts
  44. hard plate that covers gills
    operculum
  45. wall that divides atrium into 2 halves
    septum
  46. legless amphibians
    caecillians
  47. allows oxygenin and carbon dioxide out
    Chorion
  48. liquid that surrounds embryo
    Amnion
  49. contains yolk, food
    yolk sac
  50. sac to store wastes,blood vessels for gas exchange
    Allantois
  51. egg white, protect and cushion
    Albumen
  52. lays eggs then leaves them
    oviparous
  53. eggs carried inside body then hatches
    ovoviviparous
  54. ventral scales of the snake
    scutes
  55. dorsal shell of turle
    carapace
  56. ventral shell of turtle
    plastron
  57. gives feathers sturdy but flexible shape
    barbuoles and hooks
  58. detects infrared radiation
    pit organs
  59. depressions in the mouth to detect odors
    Jacobson's organs
  60. living on land
    terrestrial
  61. an egg laying mammal
    monotreme
  62. the muscular tube that connects the mouth to the digestive track and windpipe
    pharnyx
  63. the structure through which water enters and leaves the water-vascular system
    madreporite
  64. concentrates waste products
    kidney
  65. the period of time between fertilizationa and birth
    gestation peroid
  66. a strudcture that extends from the body wall
    appendages
  67. head and thorax combined
    cephalothorax
  68. outer skeleton made of chitin
    exoskeleton
  69. land living
    terrestrial
  70. believed to be an adaptation for burrowing
    segmentation
  71. fluid filled cavity with mesoderm
    coelom
  72. blood remains inside the tubes
    closed circulatory system
  73. heavy fold of tissue
    mantle
  74. visceral mass
    contains body organs
  75. when blood leVEAs vessels
    open circulatory system
  76. sense surroundings
    auricles
  77. live inside host
    endoparasite
  78. live outside the host
    ectoparasite
  79. attached
    sessile
  80. needle like support structure
    spicule
  81. flexible protein fiber
    spogin
  82. regrows when cut to peices
    regeneration
  83. bell shaped free swimming
    medusa
  84. tubelike body attached
    polyp

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