APHG Vocab Unit 2

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APHG Vocab Unit 2
2013-09-08 12:37:24


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  1. Population density
    a measurement of the number of people per given unit of land
  2. Arithmetic population density
    the population of a country or region expressed as an average per unit area
  3. Physiologic population density
    the number of people per unit area of arable land
  4. population distribution
    description of locations on the Earth's surface where populations live
  5. megalopolis
    term used to designate large coalescing supercities that are forming in diverse parts of the world
  6. aging index
    number of people age 65 and older per 100 children ages 0-14
  7. total fertility rate
    average number of children born to a woman during her childbearing years
  8. doubling time
    the time required for a population to double in size
  9. natural increase
    population growth measured as the excess of live births over deaths
  10. demographic transition
    multistage model, based on Western Europe's experience , of changes in population growth exhibited by countries undergoing industrialization
  11. population composition
    structure of a population in terms of age, sex and other properties such as marital status and education
  12. infant mortality rate
    a figure that describes the number of babies that die within the first year of their lives in a given population
  13. child mortality rate
    a figure that describes the number of children that die between the first and fifth years of their lives in a given population
  14. infectious diseases
    diseases that are spread by bacteria, viruses, or parasites
  15. chronic (degenerative) diseases
    generally long-lasting afflictions now more common because of higher life expectancies
  16. genetic (inherited) diseases
    diseases causes by variation or mutation of a gene or group of genes in a human
  17. endemic
    a disease that is particular to a locality or region
  18. expansive population policies
    government policies that encourage large families and raise the rate of population growth
  19. eugenic population policies
    government policies designed to favor one racial sector over others
  20. restrictive population policies
    government policies designed to reduce the rate of natural increase
  21. remittances
    money migrants send back to family and friends in their home countries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy in poorer countries
  22. cyclic movements
    movement-for example, nomadic migration-that has a closed route and is repeated annually or seasonally
  23. periodic movements
    movement-for example, college attendance or military service-that involves temporary, recurrent relocation
  24. migration
    a change in residence intended to be permanent
  25. activity spaces
    the space within which daily activity occurs
  26. nomadism
    movement among a definite set of places
  27. migrant labor
    a common type of periodic movement involving millions of workers in the United States and tens of millions of workers worldwide who cross international borders in search of employment and become immigrants, in many instances
  28. transhumance
    a seasonal periodic movement of pastoralists and their livestock between highland and lowland pastures
  29. immigration
    the act of a person migrating into a new country or area
  30. push factors
    negative conditions and perceptions that induce people to leave their abode and migrate to a new locale
  31. pull factors
    positive conditions and perceptions that effectively attract people to new locales from other areas
  32. intervening opportunity
    the presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away
  33. deportation
    the act of a government sending a migrant out of its country and back to the migrant's home country
  34. islands of development
    place built up by a government or corporation to attract foreign investment and which has relatively high concentrations of paying jobs and infrastructure
  35. refugees
    people who have fled their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country
  36. internally displaced persons
    people who have been displaced within their own countries and do not cross international borders as they flee
  37. asylum
    shelter and protection in one state for refugees from another state
  38. repatriation
    a refugee or group of refugees returning to their home country, usually with the assistance of government or a non-governmental organization
  39. genocide
    the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation
  40. quotas
    established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country each year