Chest Chapter 2

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Author:
MYKE
ID:
233571
Filename:
Chest Chapter 2
Updated:
2013-09-24 22:20:06
Tags:
chest
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robert 131
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  1. Which topographic landmarks are used for chest radiography?
    • C7 and
    • "jugular notch" (
  2. What are the major structures of the respiratory system?
    • "pharynx, trachea,
    • bronchi,
    • diaphragm
    • and lungs."
  3. Which structures of the chest should be visualized on PA projections? On the lateral position?
    • Apex
    • costophrenic angle
    • 10 ribs above the diaphragm
  4. Which structures are located in the mediastinal area?
    • (1) thymus gland,
    • (2) heart and great vessels,
    • (3) trachea, and
    • (4) esophagus."
  5. What is a pneumothorax and how is it characterized radiographically?
    jjj
  6. it is characterized by a longer chest and abdomen
    "hypersthenic patient"
  7. How do pathologic conditions like atelectasis and COPD appear radiographically?
    "increased lung dimensions, barrel chest with depressed and flat- tened diaphragm obscuring costophrenic angles, and an elongated heart shadow. Lung fields appear very radiolucent, requiring a significant decrease in exposure factors from a normal chest, even with the increased chest dimensions."
  8. Radiographic anatomy of the chest is divided into what three sections :
    bony thorax, respiratory system proper, and mediastinum
  9. pharynx is
    passageway for food and fluids as well as air,
  10. "The hilum (hilus) , also known as the root region, is the
    central area of each lung, where the bronchi, blood vessels, lymph vessels, and nerves enter and leave the lungs."
  11. How do pathologic conditions like atelectasis and COPD appear radiographically?
    increased lung dimensions, barrel chest with depressed and flat- tened diaphragm obscuring costophrenic angles, and an elongated heart shadow
  12. WHERE DOES THE BRONCHLI SPLIT
    • Level
    • of t4 or t5 it splits
  13. WHEN THE BROCHLI DIVIDES HOW MANY ON THE LEFT AND RIGHT
    • right devides into 3 brocli
    • and the left into 2 brocli
  14. HOW MANY LOBES OF THE LUNG ON RIGHT SIDE
    3 LOBES
  15. WHAT ARE THE NAMES OF THE LOBES ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE LUNG
    • SUPERIOR
    • INFERIOR
  16. WHAT ARE THE NAMES OF THE LOBES ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE LUNG
    • SUPERIOR
    • MIDDLE
    • INFERIOR 
  17. WHATS WRONG
    LEANING FORWARD
  18. WHATS WRONG
    LEANING BCKWARDS
  19. WHATS WRONG
    Taken at end of expiration 
  20. CENTER CR WHERE
    • CR
    • centered at T-8 level.  Book said T-7 and
    • then says lower one inch.
    • 1-  Xiphoid process
    • 2- Inferior costal 
    • 3- Iliac crest
    • 4- Anterior superior iliac spine
    • 5- Greater trochanter
    • 6- Symphysis pubis
    • 7- Ischial tuberosity

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