Airline/Travel definitions

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WriterofDreams
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233586
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Airline/Travel definitions
Updated:
2013-09-08 19:51:37
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airline definitions travel
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Travel Agent Test definition questions
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  1. Flight Coupon
    the portion of the passenger ticket that is pulled for passage on the flight between specified cities.
  2. Consolidator
    entity that acquires a bulk rate or block of seats to sell at discount prices.
  3. contiguous US
    All areas of the US, including district of columbia, except Alaska and Hawaii
  4. Commercial airlines
    an airline that sells its seats publicly
  5. Configuration
    diagram of the interior of the aircraft showing layout of seats, exits, etc
  6. confirmed
    verification of passengers' reservations
  7. wait list
    list established by the airlines when there are no more readily available spaces on a flight and containing names waiting for cancellations.
  8. local fare
    fare for a direct flight  or the equivalent to an online fare; a fare that applies to transportation on a single carrier
  9. layover
    time and place where a passenger on a connecting flight changes planes
  10. joint fare
    fare that applies for an offline or interline connection (using more than one airline from origin to destination)
  11. regular fare
    fare without restrictions, usually meaning regular coach or first class fares; also called NORMAL FARE
  12. Revalidation Sticker
    A sticker used to show a change of carrier/flight/class/date/time/status and placed over the coupon of the ticket being affected. A schedule change that does not affect the fare or cities on the itinerary can be shown on the ticket by using a revalidation sticker. If any other part of the ticket changes, a new ticket must be issued.
  13. Routing
    tells what cities and airlines have to be used for a fare.
  14. segment
    a part of the trip, also called a leg or portion
  15. affinity Group
    a group formed from members or employees of the same association, corporation, company, or similar legal identity with purposes and aims other than travel.
  16. Air Taxi
    an aircraft carrying up to 19 passengers and operating with fewer restrictions than scheduled carriers, usually within a 250-mile status.
  17. Extension ladder
    for manual tickets, this extends the fare ladder to accommodate an itinerary that involves more than 13 cities.
  18. Extra Section
    When an airline puts another aircraft on a particular flight schedule (usually during holidays)
  19. FAA
    Federal Aviation Administration; responsible for tower personnel, aircraft and airline safety, testing and pilots.
  20. fare basis
    the letter/letters or combinations  of letters and numbers assigned to a specific fare for identifications (S, Y, BXE40, etc); also called Fare Type or Fare Code; think of a serial number or model number to a product.
  21. one-way trip
    a journey from an originating city to a destination city, with no return to the origin; the journey may be made on one or more flights and may or may not require the passenger to change planes.
  22. Military Passenger
    Military personnel who are on active duty or have been discharged within several days of the date of travel
  23. tariff
    list or book of fares filed or published by the airlines
  24. Through Fare
    fare of travel from point of origin to point of destination; applies to an online connection.
  25. transit point
    any stop of intermediate point on the route traveled, whether it  be to change planes or just a stop
  26. unaccompanied minor
    child over age 5 allowed traveling unaccompanied without an adult) or direct flights; some airlines require age 8 for connections.
  27. Direct flights
    flight that does not require a change of planes but which may or may not make stops
  28. discount
    usually a one-way fare offered in a limited quantity.
  29. Domestic
    usually means within the contiguous US.
  30. altitude
    height of the plane above sea level
  31. ARC
    Airlines Reporting Corporation; an airlines-owned corporation responsible for appointing travel agencies to ticket its member airlines and acting as a clearinghouse for tickets.
  32. arunk
    term used for a surface or ground transportation segment
  33. ATA
    Air Transport Association
  34. Baggage
    luggage; unless specified, means both unchecked and checked.
  35. baggage check
    stub given to the passenger as a receipt for checked  luggage
  36. baggage tag
    item attached by the airline to the luggage for identification
  37. base fare
    fare without tax
  38. interline agreement
    agreements between airlines that allow baggage to be transferred and several different airlines to be written on the same ticket.
  39. infant
    under 2 years of age, travel free (on the lap of adult); there may be a fee charged when airlines being having infant seats to secure the baby in flight.
  40. crew
    those employees who work the aircraft during flight.
  41. CTO
    City Ticket Office; ticket offices located outside the airport terminal
  42. customs
    U.S. Agency that collects duty or tax on imported goods.
  43. DOT
    Department of Transportation; the b ranch of the government that, in 1985, assumed the duties of the CAB in protecting the consumer with respect to airline travel
  44. Inbound
    returning, as in the return portion of the trip
  45. blackout Dates
    refers to certain dates or period when travel on specific fares is not permitted (usually holiday or peak travel times).
  46. Round Trip
    a journey that ends in the same city where it began; not only goes from the origin to a destination and back to the origin, but also uses the same route and carrier in both directions.
  47. Circle Trip
    a journey in which the return trip uses a different route or a different carrier from that used for the outgoing trip; involves 2 or more stopovers.
  48. online connection
    when a passenger changes planes on the same airline
  49. outbound
    the departing portion of the trip, from origin to first stopover.
  50. open-jaw trip
    • like a round trip except that the passenger either
    • 1-returns to a city different from the point of origin or 
    • 2-departs for the return trip from a city other than the original destination;traveler is using some sort of transportation other than air.
  51. buffer zone
    usually refers to the 225-mile are extending from the US border north (into Canada) and south (into mexico)
  52. overbooking
    situating occurring when airlines confirm reservations for more passengers than available seats.
  53. elapsed time
    actual flying time
  54. reissue
    to write a new ticket because there are changes that cannot be shown by the use of a revalidation sticker
  55. PTA
    Prepaid  Ticket Advice; used when a person wants to pay for a ticket that will be issued in another city; it can be used in the same city if departure is within 24 hours.
  56. Bumping
    when passengers are not able to take the flight due to overbooking
  57. CAB
    Civil Aeronautics Board: government board dissolved in 1985 and absorbed in the department of transportation.
  58. Capacity Controlled
    the airline limits the number of seats sold on the are if the fare is said to be capacity controlled; most special fares (discount and excursion) are capacity controlled.
  59. Denied Boarding Compensation
    Compensation paid to passengers who are involuntarily bumped from a flight.
  60. Cabin
    Interior of the aircraft
  61. special fare
    other than a normal fare and usually having restrictions such as advance purchase and a limited number of seats
  62. Standby Passenger
    • refers to passengers who are either 
    • 1. holding tickets on reduced standby fares who do not allow them to make reservations or
    • 2. on a waiting list seeking an available seat.
  63. stopover
    a deliberate interruption of an tinerary, agreed to in advance; more than four hours in a city constitutes a stopover unless 1. no other flight is available. 2. no other flight is available on the airline choice of the passenger. 3. no other flight is available to the airport choice of the passenger or 4. there is a later flight that arrives earlier.
  64. deregulation
    elimination of governmental regulation of the airlines with regards to routes, fares, and other specifics; enacted by law in 1987 causing the demise of the CAB
  65. minimum collecting time
    legal time required changing planes
  66. surface
    when ground transportation is being used (no flight); also called an ARUNK segment
  67. Cancel
    to void reservations
  68. carrier
    airline
  69. normal fare
    fare for regular or usual service, not having restrictions or special circumstances; also called REGULAR FARE
  70. Charter
    aircraft used solely by a group for specific destinations
  71. Checked Baggage
    luggage that has been registered by the airline, for which the airline takes custody and is responsible, and for whic a baggage check or claim tag has been issued.
  72. child
    airlines normally classify a child as age 2 through 11; on special fares there may be no discount; on normal fares, the child may pay two-thirds of the fare when accompanied by an adult.
  73. Class of service
    type of service the passenger will receive in conjunction with airfare and where the passenger will sit on the plane; also used as a booking code for reserving a fare; first class (F); business class (C); and coach class (Y).
  74. Clearance
    clear for landing or takeoff, given from control tower.
  75. cockpit
    section of the aircraft where pilots and controls are located
  76. immediate family
    unless otherwise specified, means spouse, children, adopted children, in laws, grandchildren and grand parents, and siblings.
  77. IATA or IATAN
    International Air Transport Association OR International Airlines Travel Agency Network; also called the Passenger network Services Corporation (PNSC) in the US.
  78. Conjunction Ticket
    two or more tickets issued to a passenger with together constitute a single carriage contract.
  79. Booking Code
    Letter used to make reservations / keep track of number of seats sold on a specific far; a booking code is usually the first letter of the fare basis (ie B for a BE14NR fare); the booking code may also be called class or just code
  80. Connecting Flight
    Flight that requires the passenger to change planes.
  81. Offline or Interline connection
    when a passenger changes planes and airlines.
  82. reroute
    to issue a new ticket covering transportation to the same destination but using different cities.
  83. MCO
    Miscellaneous Charges Order; a form used for the payments of deposits or other travel arrangements that is processed through the ARC
  84. Boarding
    entering the aircraft
  85. enroute
    while flying
  86. Unchecked Baggage
    articles the passenger will hand carry and which must fit under the passengers seat or in the overhead compartment; limits apply to the number/nature/size of carry-on articles, excluding personal items (like a purse or raincoat).
  87. Validation
    the imprinting of the document; domestic airline tickets are usually validated on the first carrier.
  88. excursion Fare
    usually a round trip fare with restrictions; such as advance purchase, minimum and maximum stay, etc.
  89. differential
    difference made because of the class of service; a differential (adjustment) is made to the fare to reflect the amount difference between first class and coach fares from origin to destination.

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