Fluid & Electrolytes (Fluids)

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Author:
ashlynn4787
ID:
233639
Filename:
Fluid & Electrolytes (Fluids)
Updated:
2013-09-08 19:26:29
Tags:
Fluid Electrolytes
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Description:
Fluid & Electrolytes
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  1. Major cation in ECF
    Sodium
  2. Major cation in ICF
    Potassium
  3. Hydrostatic pressure
    pressure exerted on the walls of blood vessels
  4. Osmotic pressure (Colloid)
    pressure exerted by the protein in the plasma
  5. Osmosis
    movement of fluid from an area of solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration
  6. Diffusion
    moment of molecules and ions from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
  7. Filtration
    movement of water and solutes from an area of higher hydrostatic pressure to an area of lower hydrostatic pressure
  8. Active transport
    • -physiologic pump that moves fluid from an area of lower concentration to one of higher concentration
    • -movement against the concentration gradient
    • -use of ATP
    • -soduim-potassium pump maintains the higher concentration of extracellular sodium and intracellular potassium

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