Large Animal 1: Equine Physical Exam

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
233646
Filename:
Large Animal 1: Equine Physical Exam
Updated:
2013-09-08 20:09:27
Tags:
vti
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vti
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  1. Visual-watch from a _. Assess _ and _.
    • distance
    • environment and posture
  2. What is the normal rectal temperature?
    99-101.5F
  3. Where is the most common place to take a pulse?
    facial artery
  4. Name 2 other places to take a pulse?
    • coccygeal artery
    • tranverse facial artery
  5. What artery used mainly palpated to assess foot injuries?
    digital artery
  6. How do you normally listen to the heart?
    direct auscultation
  7. What is the normal heart rate?
    28-44bpm
  8. Where do you auscultate the heart?
    listen to both sides at the heart base (level of shoulder)
  9. Where do you listen to the apex?
    point of elbow
  10. What is often normal in the horse?
    murmurs
  11. Where is breath to be felt? What should be checked?
    • the nose
    • if there is discharge
  12. What are the 3 landmarks when auscultating the lungs?
    • cuadal dorsal
    • mid thorax
    • cranial ventral
  13. What is normal respiration?
    6-12rpm
  14. Where are mucous membranes checked?ISVP
    • upper incisors(normally)
    • sclera
    • vulva
    • prepuce
  15. Normal CRT
    <2.5sec
  16. Increased CRT is a sign of
    dehydration
  17. Dry MM is a sign of
    dehydration
  18. Pale MM is a sign of DAC
    • dehydration
    • anemia
    • poor circulation
  19. Brick red MM is a sign of
    being septic
  20. Purple gum line along teeth: ERT
    • endotoxemia
    • ruptured bowels
    • toxemia
  21. Cyanotic:
    low O2 heart+lung dz
  22. Petechia:
    • clotting dz
    • endotoxins
  23. Icterus
    poor diet
  24. The abdomin is split into quadrants when listening to borborygmus what should the rate be?
    1-3 per minute
  25. The cecum is in what quadrant?
    right upper and sounds like mixing noises(flushing toilet)
  26. Unit for height
    hands
  27. How many inches in a hand?
    4
  28. To measure use tape or stick from _ to _ behind the front legs.
    ground to withers
  29. Weight is measured how?
    tape or scale
  30. What is normal in horse eyes?
    corpora nigra(dark rim around iris)
  31. What is used to age the horse?
    teeth

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