Adv. Artic Exam 1

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Adv. Artic Exam 1
2013-09-08 21:11:36

UCO Adv. Articulation Exam 1
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  1. Many speech characteristics of one dysarthria will be present in one or more of the other dysarthrias? T or F
  2. An accurately diagnosis a dysarthria requires a clinician to use only clinician equipment? T or F
    False. Accurate diagnosis requires clinicians to listen carefully to determine which of their patient's speech errors are most characteristics of a motor speech disorder.
  3. A clinician must have significant knowledge of the human motor system in order to accurately determine which speech errors are most important in making a correct diagnosis? T or F
  4. Measuring nasal and oral airflow during speech by a computerized instrument is an example of what?
    instrumental analysis for evaluating motor speech disorders.
  5. The most important component of the perceptual analysis method of assessment is ______.
    the ears of an examiner.
  6. Haynes and Pindzola said that a speech-language evaluation is done to _____________.
    understand a patient's problem and establish the beginning level of treatment.
  7. During a motor speech evaluation the clinician will collect the _________
    • 1. relevant background information from the patient. 
    • 2. ask patient to perform numerous tasks to assess function for motor speech
  8. The following evaluation questions: " if it is a problem of speech production, do most of the problems seem to be related to the sequencing of phonemes?" is means to assess what?
    if the patient's speech disorder is dysarthria or apraxia of speech.
  9. The following evaluation question: " if there are no phoneme sequencing errors, what are the characteristics of the patient's speech errors and any associated motor problems?" is meant to assess what?
    which type of dysarthria might be present.
  10. Speech is dependent of the coordinated interactions of these five components:
    respiration, phonation, resonance, articulation, and prosody.
  11. When one of the five components of speech is affected by a neuromuscular disturbance the results is  ____________
    a motor speech disorder.
  12. ________ is a speech production deficit that results from neuromotor damage to the peripheral or central nervous system.
  13. Dysarthria is a language disorder such as aphasia or a cognitive disorder such as dementia? T or F
  14. Dysarthria is not the result of abnormal anatomical structure, sensory loss, or psychological disturbance. T or F
  15. Dysarthria is strictly a speech production disorder caused by neuromotor damage. T or F
  16. _______ is a motor speech disorder defined as a deficit in the ability to sequence the motor commands needed to correctly position the articulators during the voluntary production of phonemes.
    Apraxia of speech.
  17. Apraxia of speech is almost always associated with damage to the ____ hemisphere?
  18. Dysarthria can be caused by only damage to the right hemisphere? T or F
    False. It can be caused by damage to many parts of the nervous system.
  19. Respiratory nerve damage can cause the following effects on speech.
    Reduced air for speech production, also causing reduced loudness and breathy voice quality.
  20. ______ is the production of voiced phonemes through vocal fold vibrations in the larynx.
  21. Norman phonation is dependent on the complete_________ of the folds and enough ________ air pressure to set the vocal folds into vibration.
    adduction, subglottic
  22. in conditions such as ______ dysarthria, the damage may cause the adduction to be weak or incomplete.
  23. In conditions such as _____ dysarthria, the damage can cause the adduction to be too tight, which causes the phonation to have strained-strangled quality.
  24. _________ the proper placement of oral or nasal tonality into phonemes during speech and involves the velum.
  25. When nerves innervating the velar muscles are damaged the results during speech production are _______quality.
    hypernasal because nasal resonance is being applied to phonemes that ordinarily have only oral resonance.
  26. _________ is the shaping of the vocal airstream into phonemes.
  27. Correct articulation requires the articulators to perform movement that have the appropriate timing, direction, force, speech and placement for any given phoneme. T or F
  28. Articulation is affected when there is neuromuscular damage to the muscles of the ____, _____, _____, _____, or _____.
    lips, tongue, jaw, velum, vocal folds.
  29. The degree of articulation impairment depends on? 
    • 1. the severity of the damage
    • 2. which articulators are affected most severely.
  30. _______ is the melody of speech and can conveys meaning within an utterance through stress and intonation.
  31. Accomplished by changing the pitch, loudness, and duration of syllables within words to give those words added importance or to clarify meaning?
  32. Prosody requires coordinated participation of these four components.
    phonation, respiration, resonance, and articulation.
  33. Neuromotor damage causing weakness or slowness in the muscles of respiration and phonation results in ______ and ______ speech quality.
    monopitch, monoloud
  34. Irregular pitch variations such as sudden increases or decreases in loudness, and prolonged intervals between syllables or words is caused by what?
    neuromotor damage causes involuntary movements that interfere with voluntary speech movements.