food that is unhealthy but is quick and easy to eat (Mc'Donalds)
in a good or positive way: I don't respond very positively to being bossed around - it just makes me angry.
a system of giving money, food, or help free to those who are in need because they are ill, poor, or have no home, or any organization that has the purpose of providing money or helping in this way: She does a lot of work for charity. People tend to give to (= give money to) charity at Christmas time.
grow on (somebody)
If someone or something grows on you, you like them more and more although you did not like them at first: I wasn't sure about this album when I bought it but it's really grown on me.
a coloured liquid that is put on a surface such as a wall to decorate it: a tin (US can) of paint This wall needs another coat of paint. The sign said " Caution! Wet paint".
a group of people, often of related families, who live together, sharing the same language, culture, and history, especially those who do not live in towns or cities: a tribe of Amazonian Indians the Masai tribe
pieces or parts of something that continue to exist when most of it has been used, destroyed, or taken away: The remains of lunch were still on the table. We visited the remains of a twelfth-century monastery.
a large area of countryside, especially in relation to its appearance: a rural/ barren landscape The landscape is dotted with the tents of campers and hikers. The cathedral dominates the landscape for miles around.
a view or picture of the countryside, or the art of making such pictures: a watercolour landscape. J.M.W. Turner is one of Britain's best-known landscape painters.
the land next to or close to the sea: Rimini is a thriving holiday resort on the east coast of Italy. The accident happened three miles off the coast (= in the sea three miles from land).
the land along the edge of a sea, lake, or wide river: You can walk for miles along the shore. The boat was about a mile from/off (the) shore when the engine suddenly died.
the land at either edge of a river: We sat on the riverbank and had a picnic.
an artificial slope made of earth and/or stones: a river/ road/ railway embankment
a sport where two teams try to score points by carrying an oval ball across a particular line or kicking it over and between an H-shaped set of posts
popular at a particular time: a fashionable nightclub/ restaurant fashionable ideas/ clothes It's not fashionable to wear short skirts at the moment.
an advertisement: an advert for the local radio station (реклама)
a picture, short film, song, etc. that tries to persuade people to buy a product or service: a television/ newspaper advertisement for a new car She scanned the job/ property advertisements in the paper.
a person who is on holiday away from where they usually live
to feel pain in a part of your body, or to injure someone or cause them pain: Tell me where it hurts. My head hurts. She says that her ear hurts her.
to not succeed in what you are trying to achieve or are expected to do: She moved to London in the hope of finding work as a model, but failed. This method of growing tomatoes never fails.
frightened or worried: He's scared of spiders. I'm scared of tell ing her what really happened. He's scared to tell her what really happened.
to not come home at night, or to go home late: Our cat usually stays out at night. My mum won't let me stay out late.
to stay in your home: Let's stay in tonight and watch a movie.
to look through a book or magazine without reading everything, or to walk around a shop looking at several things without intending to buy any of them: I was browsing through fashion magazines to find a new hairstyle. "Are you looking for anything in particular, madam?" "No, I'm just browsing."
(of people, things, places, etc.) to pull or draw someone or something towards them, by the qualities they have, especially good ones: These flowers are brightly coloured in order to attract butterflies. The circus is attracting huge crowds/ audiences. Magnets attract iron filings.
the state of being convenient: I like the convenience of living so near work. Just for convenience, I'm going to live at my mother's place until my new house is ready. (удобства)
a US holiday on the first Monday in September, when people celebrate the achievements of workers and the workers' movement
any animal of which the female feeds her young on milk from her own body. Most mammals give birth to live young, not eggs: Humans, dogs, elephants, and dolphins are all mammals, but birds, fish, and crocodiles are not.
excellent, or resulting from inspiration: an inspired performance/ choice an inspired suggestion/ guess (вдохновленный)
the group of people who work for an organization: There is a good relationship between staff and pupils at the school. The staff are not very happy about the latest pay increase.
the material on the surface of the ground in which plants grow: light/ heavy/ fertile soil sandy or chalky soils (земля, почва)
to make or become full; to use empty space: I filled the bucket with water. I could hear the cistern filling.
a building where criminals are forced to live as a punishment: Conditions in the prison are said to be appalling. He's spent a lot of time in prison.
a pleasant feeling that you get when you receive something you wanted, or when you have done something you wanted to do: She looked at the finished painting with satisfaction. She derived/ obtained great satisfaction from/out of helping other people. For me, job satisfaction is more important than the money.
look after sb/sth
to take care of or be in charge of someone or something: We look after the neighbours' cat while they're away. If you look after your clothes they last a lot longer. Don't worry about Mia - she can look after her self.
the time of year when crops are cut and collected from the fields, or the activity of cutting and collecting them, or the crops that are cut and collected: the grain/ potato/ grape harvest We had a good harvest this year.
sow (sowed, sown or sowed)
to put seeds in or on the ground so that plants will grow: Sow the seeds in pots. We'll sow this field with barley.
belief and confidence in your own ability and value: The compliments she received after the presentation boosted her self-esteem. She suffers from low self-esteem and it prevents her from pursuing her goals.
to prepare land and grow crops on it, or to grow a particular crop: Most of the land there is too poor to cultivate. The villagers cultivate mostly maize and beans.
without violence: peaceful demonstrators She hoped the different ethnic groups in the area could live together in peaceful co-existence.
the likely future situation: The outlook for the economy is bleak. The outlook for today is cloudy and dry at first with showers later.
an unpleasant emotion or thought that you have when you are frightened or worried by something dangerous, painful, or bad that is happening or might happen: Trembling with fear, she handed over the money to the gunman. Even when the waves grew big, the boy showed no ( signs of) fear. I have a fear of heights. The low profit figures simply confirmed my worst fears.
to ( cause to) go or do something very quickly: Whenever I see him, he seems to be rushing (about/around). I rushed up the stairs/to the office/to find a phone. When she turned it upside down the water rushed out (бежать, ломиться)
to meet another person in order to do something together: They suggested we meet up at Mustafa's (специально встретиться)
to behave in a way that makes people believe that you have a particular characteristic: She comes across really well (= creates a positive image) on television. He comes across as a bit of a bore in interview (случайно встретиться)
wrap (sb) up
to dress in warm clothes, or to dress someone in warm clothes: Wrap up well - it's cold outside.
trip=a journey in which you go somewhere, usually for a short time, and come back again
forward <> backwards
towards the direction that is in front of you: She leaned forward to whisper something in my ear.
towards the direction that is opposite to the one in which you are facing or opposite to the usual direction: I walked backwards towards the door. He took a step backwards to allow her to pass.
in the direction of, or closer to someone or something: She stood up and walked towards him. He leaned towards his wife and whispered, "Can we go home soon?"
the stomach or the front part of the body between your chest and your legs: He fell asleep with a full belly and a happy heart. Now six months pregnant, Gina's belly had begun to swell.
the part of the body above and slightly narrower than the hips: a small/ narrow/ tiny/ large/ thick waist These trousers are a bit tight around my waist.
the part in the middle of the arm where it bends, or the part of a piece of clothing that covers this area: Her arm was bandaged from the elbow to the fingers. The sleeve of his shirt was torn at the elbow.
the part of the body between the hand and the arm: I sprained my wrist playing squash.
the middle joint of the leg, which allows it to bend: The baby was crawling around on its hands and knees. He got/went down on his knees (= got into a position where his knees were on the ground) in front of the altar.
the short, thick finger on the side of your hand that makes it possible to hold and pick things up easily
the joint (= place where two bones are connected) between the foot and the leg, or the thin part of the leg just above the foot: I fell over and sprained/ twisted my ankle.
the part of the body that joins the head to the shoulders: He had the thickest neck I'd ever seen. She wore a gold chain around her neck.
the front of the neck, or the space inside the neck down which food and air can go: A fish bone got stuck in my throat. a sore throat He cleared his throat (= coughed so he could speak more clearly) and started speaking.
the hollow place under your arm where your arm joins your body: sweaty/ hairy armpits
the inside part of your hand from your wrist to the base of your fingers: This tiny device fits into the palm of your hand.
the top surface of the upper part of the legs of a person who is sitting down: Come and sit on my lap and I'll read you a story.
the area below the waist and above the legs at either side of the body, or the joint which connects the leg to the upper part of the body: This exercise is designed to trim your hips and stomach. The skirt was a bit tight across the hips.
an organ in the body where food is digested, or the soft front part of your body just below the chest: He was punched in the stomach. The doctor asked him to lie down on his stomach.
to mix up someone's mind or ideas, or to make something difficult to understand: You're confusing him! Tell him slowly and one thing at a time.
to cause someone to feel nervous, worried, or uncomfortable: You're embarrassing him with your compliments! I didn't want to embarrass her in front of her friends.
feeling guilty or embarrassed about something you have done or a quality in your character: You've got nothing to be ashamed of. She ought to be thoroughly ashamed of herself - talking to her mother like that!
the fact that something is not available or that there is not enough of it: Her only problem is a lack of confidence. Lack of sleep had made him irritable.
a large hole in the ground, or a slightly low area in any surface: They'd dug a shallow pit and left the bodies in it. These pits in my skin are from when I had chickenpox.
to be in no way connected to the subject that is being discussed: Let's stick to discussing whether the road should be built at all. The exact cost is beside the point (помимо)
not including; but not: The museum is open daily except Monday(s). The government has few options except to keep interest rates high (исключая)
a good idea, opinion, or piece of information that is said or written: I'd like to discuss the first point in your essay. You made some interesting points in your speech.
to give money or a prize following an official decision: Carlos was awarded first prize in the essay competition. The jury awarded libel damages of £100,000.
result in = lead to = couse
to cause a particular situation to happen: The fire resulted in damage to their property.
any wild plant that grows in an unwanted place, especially in a garden or field where it prevents the cultivated plants from growing freely
point of view
a way of considering something: From a purely practical point of view, the house is too small. From a medical point of view, there was no need for the operation.
to remove hair from the body, especially a man's face, by cutting it close to the skin with a razor, so that the skin feels smooth: John has to shave twice a day. I always shave my legs in the bath.
to make something tidier or more level by cutting a small amount off it: to trim the hedge My hair needs trimming.
a person or company that starts to use a new product or service: While large firms may be the most visible adopters of IT and e-commerce, smaller companies also face pressure to adopt these technologies.
( especially of children) fat in a pleasant and attractive way: chubby legs chubby cheeks
describes clothes that are thick and heavy, or jewellery made of large pieces: a chunky sweater a chunky necklace
obese = fat (more polite)
childhood obesity A diet that is high in fat can lead to obesity.
despite the fact that: She walked home by herself, although she knew that it was dangerous. He decided to go, although I begged him not to (хотя, несмотря на, если бы даже)
but: They're coming next week, though I don't know which day.
with little or no hair on the head: At 20 he was already going bald.
to cry or say something loudly and usually on a high note, especially because of strong emotions such as fear, excitement, or anger: To scream at top of one's lungs (визжать)
in or to the central part of a city: downtown Los Angeles a downtown address
used to add information that shows that what you have just said is true: I do like her - after all, she is my sister.