Geog 121: Lecture 8

Card Set Information

Geog 121: Lecture 8
2013-09-09 05:06:03

Show Answers:

  1. War & Conflict
    • - There is no winning
    • - Any armed conflict that goes on for any period of time & the impact that has on the environment
    • - It is important because
    • 1) war is bad/no winning because when we talk about war & consequences, we talk about the human toll (very important); There is rarely any discussion about what happens after war and can be equally devastating as during the war
    • - impact of resources to the people in the area; resources don't come back. For decades people are impacted
  2. - Every armed conflict in the history of the world has been about (3 R's)
    • 1) Resources
    • 2) Real Estate
    • 3) Religion
    • - You want people to think your way
    • - The most important is the destruction of resources
    • - Every war has resulted in deliberate destruction of resources & the resources has shifted sometimes 
    • - In Medieval times, people would ride into town & burn the fields, then burn the town (known as scorched earth)
    • - Scorched earth. Purpose: if you destroy resources available to the people, you bring people to their knees
  3. Burnt Oil fields
    • - Saddam Hussein wanted Kuwait for its oil fields
    • - War in Kuwait was a great war, started in January 1991, ended in Feb. 1991
    • - Saddam Hussein was well schooled in the theme of scorched earth: If I can't have it, you can't have it either
  4. March 1991- The Fires of Kuwait(Clip)
    • - Summer of 1990
    • - August 2nd, Kuwait was invaded by Hussein
    • - Saddam detoned 700 Oil wells in retaliation
    • - People scattered, ruins, emergencies, Kuwait was left in ruins
    • - Nobody was prepared for this disaster
    • - 5 million barrels burning  a day
    • - 600 wells were set on fire, & it was thought it might take years to extinguish the fire
    • - But it only took 8 months to put out
    • - Kuwait, Iraq & neighboring countries had polluted air to breathe, respiratory problems for people
    • - Tar creat covered 5% of the country of Kuwait
    • - At the peak of fires, 80% of the sun's rays were absorbed- Oil continues to sink into the sand & how it will affect Kuwait's groundwater
    • - Prior to this, Kuwait was a thriving environment, green wildlife
    • - There will always be residual effects after war, but people don't see this
    • - This wasn't just an isolated even; it affected the whole world! One single act can affect the world.
  5. Bombing dams
    • - One of the easiest things you can do
    • - Draining of marshes in Iraq; Hussein had a good idea of destroying the environmet
    • - A water shortage would have an effect on growing crops & less water for people. productivity decreases
    • - The more you destroy the food for the people, they will have to go to the environment and do whatever it takes ot survive
    • - Not only is water tainted for humans, but for plants and animals too- whatever is done to the soil, the soil retains some pollutants
    • - Talking about war & conflict
  6. Land mines
    • - Planted by millions in war countries around the world- MiddleEast, India & Africa
    • - An excess of landmines buried, they're very easy to set
    • - nobody keeps track where they are, meaning that cleaning them up is very hard. You remove them, now what do you do
    • - In Laos, Cambodia, & Vietnam, many mines are planted
    • - The problem with land mines is that you can't find them- Animals , especially rats are great at discovering mines
    • - It is an overwhelming task to get rid of them, & what do you do with them?
  7. Unexploded Ordinance
    • - Between 1964-1973, US flew over 1000 bombing missions
    • - They tried to block the flow of North Vietnamese arms
    • - At least 80 million that are sitting in the country side that have failed to explode
    • - less than 1% have been cleaned up until now
    • - Most are found in rural areas
  8. Nuclear weapons
    - The contaminants that come out stay around for a long time seeping in the soil afer it is detoned
  9. Nuclear testing
    • - Lots of testing of stuff that's in the air
    • - Also done underground
  10. Abandoned submarine base
    • - After you've done all the testing, what do you do with the residual stuff?
    • - Off limits site due to large amount of pollution & nuclear mateial went
  11. Depleted Uranium Dumping
    • - In 2003 an iraqi facility was looted
    • - Part of the 2nd iraq war was that iraq was  mostly a developed country
    • - To brin Hussein down, the environment was harmed to bring people to their knees
    • - The reason why it was looted was to get the barrels
    • - The radioactive material had a tremendous impact on the environment
    • - Water & food supply was tainted & many people died
  12. WWI----90+ years later
    • - Trenches: how people fought
    • - In 1918 & everything was over, the environment was one of the most damaging, changing the landscape all through Europe
    • - Now you have all of this erosion as a result of trenches
    • - Landscape will never recover
    • - Another big impact that occurred from WWI is the use of poison gases
    • - To get rid of people in the trenches, they would throw poison in the trenches
  13. WWII
    • - Hiroshima & Nagasaki
    • - Environmental effects were obvious
    • - Radioactive sand, drinking water, contaminated surface water
    • - Millions of dollars were spent cleaning it up.
  14. Somalian Sand Dunes
    • - Prior to Somalian War, the governement was planning to replant plants
    • - But with war, they stopped doing that
  15. Sudan's famine
    • - Alot of the productive land in southern sudan was abandoned during the war
    • - There was also the concept of scorched earth, causing a problem with refugees
    • - They would pour around neighboring countries
  16. Congolese War
    • - Animals are killed off to eat it or just because
    • - Lots of National parks had endangered species
  17. Rwanda Civil War
    • - Amazing civil war, one tribe against another
    • - largest genocide, many people lost their homes, like in sudan
    • - To escape from civil war, people went into the forest & had to eat, so they took down the forest & wildlife & had ahuge impact on the resources
  18. Chechnyan War
    • -1994 
    • - Radioactive waste, oil leaks
    • - Polluted soil, surface water
    • - Conflict is still going on in one way or another
    • - The more resources are taken away, the more it is difficult for people to survive
  19. Agent Orange
    • - U.S. chemical weapon used on plants (herbicide)
    • - Vietnam was covered in rainforest & had a hard time seeing the enemy
    • - Mass herbicidal to take down the forest
    • - destroyed 14% of food
    • - peasants were deprived of their resources
  20. Vietnam (NY Times Video)
    • - Vietnam is still recovering from agent orange
    • - trees cannot easily take root
    • - high levels of dioxin were left in Vietnam
    • - Green fence to surround hotspot, but it is difficult because the soil is very acid
    • - Green fence will not solve the issue of Dioxin
    • - Newer generations are unaware of contamination because information is lost, but pollution does not go away
    • - Many children have born with defects
  21. Conservation of resources is about
    about people working together & nations produce food, not fighting over resources, access to clean water and maintain water supply, insuring that everyone has access to food, water, functioning infrastructure, and this is critical for a country to develop
  22. Reason why you have conflict
    because their life is not good, they are struggling & they are being told if you overthrow the government, then your life will be better & you will be able to develop, which starts a conflict & ironically puts them in a deeper hole
  23. Must have in order to have all the other good things
    • -stable government 
    • - Food, water, functioning infrastructure, education, healthcare