IO Infusion Underpinning Knowledge

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Author:
boyblue666
ID:
233758
Filename:
IO Infusion Underpinning Knowledge
Updated:
2013-09-10 03:57:02
Tags:
IO
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Description:
Underpinning knowledge required for EEAST module 7 OSCE
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  1. What are the indications for IO?
    • Paediatric unconscious
    • Peri-Arrest
    • Cardiac Arrest
    • Respiratory Arrest
    • Status Epilepticus
    • Profound Shock
    • Major Burns
    • Overwhelming Sepsis
    • Small newborns with life threatening breathing problems.
  2. Complications & hazards
    • Infection - Phlebitis / Sepsis / Necrosis
    • Embolis - DVT / PE / MI / CVA
    • Infiltration - Extravastation of administered drug impeding blood flow or nerve damage.
    • Needle stick injury
    • Possible fracture of tiba due to force involved in procedure.
    • Compartment syndrome caused by extravastation of infusion.
    • Epiphiseal growth plate damge if IO inserted too close to proximal end of tiba.
    • Infection - Osteomyelitis
  3. Contra-Indications
    • # To bone or bone proximal site
    • Traumatised extremity
    • Cellulitis at insertion site
    • Burns that may be injected by technique
    • Congenital bone diesease
    • Previous attempt on same leg
    • Concious patient

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