(4)Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues

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(4)Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues
2013-10-14 10:37:21
Medic 2013 CHP

Chapter 4
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  1. The branch of philosophy that deals with the study and understanding of the distinction between right and wrong.
  2. The three basic ethical concepts
    • To do no harm
    • To act in good faith
    • To act always in the patient's best interest
  3. The code of ethics for Emergency Medical Technicians was issued by whom:
    The National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians (1978)
  4. What are the two types of law that govern paramedics in court:
    • Civil Law
    • Criminal Law
  5. An action instituted by a private person or corporation against another private person or corporation
    Civil Suit
  6. What is the objective of a civil suit is usually?
    Some sort of compensation for injury
  7. Criminal laws most likely to apply to prehospital care included:
    • Assaults
    • Battery
    • False imprisonment
    • Kidnapping
    • Improper restraining
    • Physical contact without consent
  8. Making a false statement in the written form that injures a person's good name
  9. Verbally making a false statement that injuries a person's good name
  10. HIPAA
    • Health 
    • Insurance
    • Portability
    • Accountability Act
  11. Types of consent
    • Informed
    • Implied
  12. A patient's voluntary agreement to be treated after being told about the nature of the disease, the risk and benefits of the proposed treatment, alternative treatments, or the choice of no treatment at all
    Informed consent
  13. A form of consent assumed to be given by unconscious adults or by adults who are too ill or injured to consent verbally to emergency lifesaving tretment
    Implied consent
  14. Used to describe a figure of authority dictating medical care be given to someone in custody, incapacitated, or a minor
    Involuntary consent
  15. Things that may impede giving patients the information they need to make informed decisions
    • Language barriers
    • Emotional states
    • Mental inabilities
  16. A type of consent that occurs when the patient does something, either through words or by taking some sort of action, that demonstrates permission to provide care
    • Expressed consent
    • (type of informed consent)
  17. The patient's ability to understand and process the information you give them about your proposed plan of care
    Decision-making capacity
  18. What a state permits a paramedic practicing under a license or certification to do
    Scope of practice
  19. EMTALA
    • Emergency
    • Medical
    • Treatment
    • Active 
    • Labor 
    • Act
  20. Enacted in 1986 to combat the practice of "patient dumping"
  21. Loco parentis
    "in the place of the parent"
  22. A person who is under the legal age in a given state, but is legally considered an adult because of other circumstances
    Emancipated minor
  23. Violence can be the result of:
    • Hypoxia
    • Hypoglycemia
    • Mental illness
    • Brain injury
    • Drug abuse
    • Overdose
    • Alcohol
    • Psychiatric causes
    Generic Name
    Brand Name
    • BRAND NAME: Adenocard
    • CLASS: Antiarrhythmic, endogenous nucleoside
    Generic Name
    Brand Name
    • BRAND NAME: Proventil, Ventolin
    • CLASS: Sympathomimetic, bronchodilator
    Generic Name
    Brand Name
    • GENERIC NAME: CHARCOAL, ACTIVATED (without sorbitol)
    • BRAND NAME: Charcola, Actidose-aqua
    • CLASS: Adsorbent
  27. When the paramedic’s improper action or failure to act is the cause of the patient’s injury, the paramedic is guilty of:
    Proximate Cause
  28. The care that a state permits a paramedic to perform under a license or certification is known as what?
    Scope of practice
  29. What are the provisions that dictate the minimum qualifications of those who may perform certain health services? 
    1) Scope of practice 
    2) Medical Practice Act 
    3) Standard of care 
    4) Medical care guidelines
    2) Medical Practice Act
  30. The right to direct one's own care, and to decide now you would want your end-of-life medical care provided
    Patient Autonomy
  31. In the case of prolonged cardiac arrest, which organs or tissues are generally not appropriate for organ donation?
  32. A written document or statement that expresses the wants, needs, and desires of a patient in reference to future medical care; examples include living wills, do not resuscitate (DNR) orders, and organ donation choices
    Advanced Directive
  33. The patient's ability to understand and process the information you give them about your proposed plan of care
    Decision-making capacity
  34. Termination of care for the patient without giving the patient sufficient opportunity to find another suitable health care professional to take over his or her medical treatment
  35. Intentionally make a false statement, through written or verbal communication, which injures a person's good name or reputation
  36. Legal obligation of public and certain other ambulance services to respond to a call for help in their jurisdiction
  37. The intentional and unjustified detention of a person against his or her will
    False imprisonment