A&P ch 17 endocrine system

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msmit458
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233807
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A&P ch 17 endocrine system
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2013-09-09 17:02:33
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endocrine system
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ch 17
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  1. Endocrine gland that secretes ACTH

    Adrenocorticotropin hormone
    adrenal cortex gland
  2. Endocrine gland that secretes ADH

    antidiuretic hormone
    posterior pituitary
  3. Endocrine gland that secretes aldosterone
    adrenal cortex (zona glomerulosa)
  4. Endocrine gland that secretes androgens
    adrenal cortex (zona reticularis)
  5. Endocrine gland that secretes calcitonin
    Thyroid (parafollicular cells)
  6. Endocrine gland that secretes glucocorticoids (cortisol)
    adrenal cortex (zona fasciculata)
  7. Endocrine gland that secretes epinephrine
    adrenal medulla
  8. Endocrine gland that secretes estrogen:progesterone
    LH
  9. Endocrine gland that secretes FSH

    follicular stimulating hormone
    anterior pituitary
  10. Endocrine gland that secretes glucagon
    pancreas islet alpha A cells
  11. Endocrine gland that secretes hGH

    human growth hormone
    anterior pituitary gland
  12. Endocrine gland that secretes insulin
    pancreas islets Beta B cells
  13. Endocrine gland that secretes LH

    lutenizing hormone
    anterior pituitary gland
  14. Endocrine gland that secretes melatonin
    pineal gland
  15. Endocrine gland that secretes OT

    oxytoxin
    anterior pituitary gland
  16. Endocrine gland that secretes PRL

    prolactin
    anterior pituitary
  17. Endocrine gland that secretes PTH

    parathyroid gland
    parathyroid gland
  18. Endocrine gland that secretes T3, T4

    triidothyroxine
    thyroxine
    thyroid gland follicular cells
  19. Endocrine gland that secretes testosterone
    LH lutininzing hormone
  20. Endocrine gland that secretes TSH

    thyroid stimulating hormone
    thyroid gland
  21. Endocrine gland that secretes thymosin
    Thymus gland
  22. Endocrine gland that secretes MSH

    Melanocyte stimulating hormone
    anterior pituitary gland
  23. Stimulates uterine contractions and milk ejection during suckling.
    Oxytocin OT
  24. Stimulates secretion of hormones by the adrenal cortex.
    ACTH adrenocorticotropin
  25. Decreases water loss by increasing reabsorption of water into blood and decreasing urine prodcution
    ADH antiduiretic hormone
  26. Increases sex drive in women
    Androgens
  27. Increases metabolism and BMR
    T3, and T4
  28. Triggers ovulation and stimulates secretion of estrogen and progesterone
    LH lutenizing hormone
  29. Increases blood calcium levels by stimulating osteoclast activity
    PTH parathyroid hormone
  30. promotes fight or flight response
    epinephrine and norepinephrine
  31. Increases resistance to stress, increases blood glucose levels, and decreases inflammation.
    cortisol
  32. Helps to set the biological clock or regulates the sleep/wake cycles
    melatonin from the pineal gland
  33. Darkens skin pigmentation
    MSH melanocyte stimulating hormone
  34. Stimulates secretion of hormones that stimulate body growth and metabolism
    hGH human growth hormone
  35. Decreases blood calcium levels by inhibiting osteoclasts
    Calcitonin
  36. Promotes the maturation of T cells for immune response
    Thymosin
  37. Stimulates oocyte production and estrogen secretion
    FSH follicle stimulating hormone
  38. Decreases blood glucose levels by transporting glucose into body cells
    insulin
  39. Increases blood glucose levels by stimulating the liver to breakdown glycogen into glucose
    glucagon
  40. stimulates development of female characteristics and helps regulate menstrual cycle
    Estrogen and progesterone
  41. Stimulates secretion of testosterone
    LH lutenizing hormone
  42. Stimulates secretion of thyroid hormones
    TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
  43. Stimulates sperm production
    FSH follicle stimulating hormone
  44. Increases reabsorption of sodium and water into blood and decreases urine output
    Aldesterone
  45. what is the gland and hormone affected by the operations or conditions of an oophorectomy?
    • removal of the ovaries
    • the hormone affected is lutenizing hormone
    • affected results of estrogen and progesterone
  46. what is the gland and hormone affected by the operations or conditions of an orchiectomy?
    • removal of the testicals
    • affected hormone, androgen¬†
    • affected results testosterone
  47. what is the gland and hormone affected by the operations or conditions of an cushings disease?
    • over production of cortisol
    • affected hormone adrenal cortex
  48. Name two hormones that are also neurotransmitters
    OT and ADH
  49. Stress causes low levels of glucorticoids to stimulate the release of?
    CRH corticotropin releasing hormone
  50. Increases glucose metabolism and stress resistance
    cortisol
  51. Low metabolic rate stimulates the release of
    TRH gonadtropin releasing hormone
  52. This hormone secretes what?

    Pineal gland
    Melatonin
  53. This hormone secretes what?

    parathyroid
    OT and ADH
  54. This hormone secretes what?

    Adrenal gland
    cortisol or glucocorticoids
  55. This hormone secretes what?

    Pancreas
    Glucagon and insulin
  56. This hormone secretes what?

    hypothalamus
    ATCH, FSH, LH, MSH, hGH, PrL, TSH
  57. This hormone secretes what?

    Pituitary
    anterior and posterior
  58. This hormone secretes what?

    Thyroid gland
    T3, T4, and calcitonin
  59. This hormone secretes what?

    Thymus
    thymosin
  60. This hormone secretes what?

    Ovaries
    estrogen and progesterone
  61. This hormone secretes what?

    testes
    testosterone

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