Music 101

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Author:
NateS11
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233839
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Music 101
Updated:
2013-09-10 18:49:19
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music
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Music
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  1. Pitch
    the relative highness or lowness of a sound; the higher the pitch the higher the frequency
  2. Timbre
    Color of a musical sound. Its what makes a trumpet sound different from a guitar.
  3. Active Listening
    when the person listening gets something out of listening to the music and becomes aware of what is going on
  4. Instrumentation
    refers to the instruments used in any music
  5. Texture
    describes the relationship between the instruments used in the song
  6. Intensity
    refers to the dynamic or sound
  7. Duration
    is how long a note lasts
  8. Rhythm
    the time duration in a musical sound, usually defined in beats
  9. Beat
    a regular marking of time in a song
  10. Tempo
    defines the speed of a song
  11. Measure/Bar
    • A consistent grouping of beats
    • Bars and measures are the same thing
    • There are typically two, three, or four beats in a measure
  12. Accent
    is when specific notes or beats are made louder and emphasized more than others
  13. Backbeat
    is associated with rock and roll music when beats two and four are accented
  14. Syncopation
    is when a beat that normally wouldn't be accented is accented; in rock and roll its usually beat 3
  15. Rhythm Section
    • The players in a Jazz or Rock and Roll band that are responsible for maintaining the beat
    • They also provide the harmonic foundation of the song (the chord changes)
    • Must include at least 1 chord instrument (guitar, piano, keyboard)
    • Must include a bass instrument
    • Must include a percussion instrument
    • A band like Nirvana only had three players, but still fulfilled these requirements
  16. Note
    is the distinct pitches used in the creation of music
  17. Chord
    • is a collection of notes played at the same time
    • Tonic is the 1,3,5 note
    • Subdominant is the 4,6,1 notes
    • Dominant is the 5, 7, 2 notes
  18. Key
    is pertaining to the tonal system of music, key designations tell us how many sharps or flats are in use for any given song
  19. Harmony
    is the study of how chords interact in any given key
  20. Melody
    • is a group of pitches heard in a series
    • Usually distinct and tuneful
    • Usually taken by the lead instrumentalist or singer
  21. Riff
    is usually short (2-7 notes) that create interesting music
  22. Hook
    is a catchy melody in a song that is usually found in the chorus so it can be recorded
  23. Form
    Is the structure or organization of a song that holds it together
  24. Verse/Chorus
    Is the most popular form for Rock and Roll songs, this form alternates verse then chorus back and forth
  25. Verse
    is the section of a song that tells the story, the music repeats but the words change
  26. Chorus
    is the part of the song in which the words and the music repeat
  27. Endless Loop
    is a song that fades out at the end instead of coming to an end
  28. 12 Bar Blues
    form is a succession of harmony that is associate with the blue; it is comprised of 3 phrases at 4 measures each
  29. Eight Beat Measure
    is a rhythm that divides each beat of a four-beat measure into two equal parts
  30. Part
    is one strand of a musical texture
  31. Apreggio
    is performing a note one not at a time instead of all in a chord
  32. End-weighted Form
    is a verse/chorus form in which the chorus is highlighted as the goal of each large section
  33. Brass
    Trumpet, trombone, saxophone
  34. Winds
    Flute and clarinet
  35. Strings
    Bowed or plucked-banjo, guitar, electric or upright bass, violin, cello
  36. Percussion
    • Pitched: Vibraphone and marimba
    • Un-pitched: Drum set, Latin percussion, rattles, claves, cowbell
  37. Electronic Instruments
    • Amplified acoustic instruments
    • Acoustic: Like instruments-electric guitar and electric bass (solid body)
    • True electronic instruments-electric organs or synthesizer
  38. Tag
    A popular song ending that involves repetitions of the chorus material
  39. Outro
    is the final phrase of a song that is sung repeatedly
  40. Classical Music
    Music composed for art’s sake
  41. Folk Music
    Music passed down through generations (orally) to entertain a certain group of people (folk) without concern for monetary gain
  42. Popular Music
    Popularity is measured in a number of ways-through sales or through exemplifying the prevailing taste at a given time
  43. Motown
    label company in Detroit
  44. What instruments are required in a rhythm section?
    Chord, bass, percussion
  45. What style was used in "Honky Tonk Woman"?
    • Endless Loop
    • 12 Bar blues
  46. Rock and Roll is a combination of what 3 music types?
    Folk, Classical, Popular
  47. How do accents in R&R differ from those in Western?
    • Western accents on beats 1 and 3,
    • RR accents on beats 2,4
  48. What does the David Groth song "Yankee Rose" illustrate?
    Call and Response
  49. Roots of Rock
    • Rock and Roll first appeared in approx. 1956, by music of Elvis Presly; found in 3 main sources-
    • Western European Art Music (brought by settlers/colonialists)
    • African Culture (both on the continent and in America, brought from Africa’s west or Ivory Coast)
    • Folk traditions (from British settlers/colonists)

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