Starting a new nation

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  1. Articles of Confederation
    • America was called the Confederation
    • Weak
    • Established limited government
    • Gave states all the power
  2. Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
    • 13 out of 13 had to amend any changes
    • No control over foreign or interstate trade
    • Couldn't tax or raise armies
    • No Executive or Judicial Branches
  3. Bicameral
    2 houses
  4. Unicameral
    1 house
  5. State Constitutions
    • republicanism
    • strong governors with veto power
    • bicameral legislatures
    • only property owners could vote
  6. Northwest Ordinance of 1787
    • Established new states North and West of the Ohio River valley
    • Slavery prohibited in new states
  7. Land Ordinance of 1785
    • created townships for dividing land
    • 16 section is set aside for education
    • each section is 1 mile by 1 mile
    • one township is 36 miles squared
  8. Shay's rebellion
    • 1786-1787
    • Daniel Shays lead the rebellion
    • in Western, Massachutes
    • Small farmers were mad about their farms being taken cause of taxes and debt
    • 3 killed
  9. Annapolis Convention
    • 1786
    • 12 representatives from 5 states met
    • not enough attended to address issues
    • wanted to address barriers that limited trade and commerce between the states
    • rescheduled to rewrite the Articles of...
  10. Virginia Plan
    • Edmund Randolph's idea
    • favored large states
    • bicameral legislature
    • representation by a state's free population
  11. New Jersey Plan
    • Known as the Small State Plan
    • unicameral
    • each state would have 2 representatives regardless of population
  12. Great Compromise
    • AKA Connecticut Compromise
    • Bicameral
    • House of representatives-Based on population
    • Senate-every state has 2 representatives
  13. 3/5's compromise
    only 3/5's of a slave would count toward representation
  14. Delegated powers
    powers held by the national government
  15. reserved powers
    powers held by the state government
  16. separation of powers
    • AKA Checks and Balances
    • divided the government into Judicial,executive, and Legislative branch
  17. Federalist Papers
    • Collection of 85 essays
    • Written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay
    • Supported the ratification of the constitution
  18. Bill of Rights
    Created the first 10 amendments of the constituion
  19. Anti-federalists
    against the ratification of Constitution
  20. Washington's Warnings
    • Stay away from dangerous foreign ties
    • work out political differences between parties
    • be careful about too much debt
  21. Judiciary Act of 1789
    • established a supreme court
    • with a chief of justice and 5 associates
    • established 16 lower federal courts
  22. Whiskey Rebellion
    • rebellion in Pennsylvania against whiskey tax
    • demonstrated that the federal government would use force to make citizens obey federal law
    • no actual fighting occured
  23. Two-Party-System
    • practice of having candidates compete for office through a two-party-system
    • Democratic and federalists
  24. Jay's Treaty
    • Britain agreed to leave forts in Northwestern Frontier 
    • encouraged the expansion of trade between the nations
  25. Pickney Treaty
    • Spain gave up all lands east of the MS river and North of Florida-31st parallel
    • By Thomas Pickney
    • 1795
    • Spain agreed to open the MS River to America traffic
  26. Marbury vs. Madison
    • 1803
    • Supreme court case that established the principle of Judicial Review
    • the power of the courts to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional
  27. Louisiana Purchase
    purchased from France in 1803 for 15 million dollars
  28. War of 1812
    fought between U.S. and Britain largely over British restrictions on American shipping
  29. Adams-Onis treaty
    • 1819
    • Spain ceded the territory of Florida to the US
  30. Monroe Doctrine
    • 1823
    • Monroe declared to Congress that the Americans are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European power
  31. Missouri Compromise
    • Maine admitted as a free state
    • Missouri admitted as a slave state
    • South of 36'30' parallel slavery was legal
    • North of the 36'30' parallel slavery was illegal except missouri
  32. Kitchen Cabinet
    group of unofficial advisers to president Andrew Jackson
  33. Spoils system
    practice of handing out government jobs to supporters
  34. Indian Removal Act of 1830
    president Jackson's measure that allowed state officials to override federal protection of native Americans
  35. Indian Removal Act
    the forced removal of Cherokees in 1838 to land West of the MS river
  36. First amendment
    guarantees freedom of religion, of speech, and of the press, and the right to assemble peaceably and to petition the government
  37. Second amendment
    guarantees the right to organize state militias and bear arms
  38. third amendment
    prohibits quartering soldiers in private homes in peacetime and limits it in time of war
  39. 4th amendment
    prohibits the unreasonable search and seizure of persons and property without a valid warrant
  40. 5th amendment
    • grand jury required for serious criminal charges
    • no double jeopardy
    • keeps you from incriminating yourself
    • no deprivation of life, liberty, or property without due process of the law
    • prevents the government from taking personal propertu
  41. 6th amendment
    • guarantees a speedy trial by jury
    • to know your charges
    • to have counsel and question witnesses
  42. 7th amendment
    guarantees a jury trial in most civil cases
  43. 8th amendment
    • prohibits excessive bail and fines
    • prohibits cruel and unusual punishment
  44. 9th amendment
    assures people that they may have other basic rights in addition to those mentioned in the Constitution
  45. 10th amendment
    guarantees that rights not given to the federal government, nor denied to the states, are reserved to the states or to the people
  46. Executive Branch
    • President carries out the law
    • Check Judicial Branch-appoints federal judges, can grant pardons to federal
    • Check propose laws, veto laws, call special sessions of Congress, creates meetings to federal posts, negotiates foreign treaties
  47. Legislative Branch
    • Congress makes the law
    • Check Judicial-creates lower federal courts, impeach/remove judges, propose amendments and overrule judicial decisions, approves federal judge appointments
    • Check Executive- override president veto, confirm executive appointments, ratifies treaties, declare war, appropriates money, impeach presidents
  48. Judicial Branch
    • Supreme Court interprets the law
    • Check Executive- declare executive actions unconstitutional
    • Check Legislative- declare acts of Congress unconstitutional
Card Set:
Starting a new nation
2013-09-12 00:01:00
coach Kelly history quiz

Chapter 2 in coach kelly.
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