Bone: Types and features

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Anonymous
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233926
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Bone: Types and features
Updated:
2013-09-09 21:48:25
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bone anatomy OVCMT
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OVCMT MS lecture 1 notes
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  1. Long
    • Cylindrical shaft with knobby ends
    • longer than it is wide
    • mostly compact bone with some spongy
    • slightly curved for strength
  2. Short
    • small, chunky, solid bones
    • as wide as the are long
    • mostly spongy
  3. Flat
    • broad, flat shape
    • thin bones
    • two plates of compact bone with spongy between
  4. irregular
    • Chunky, complex shapes
    • varying amounts of compact and spongy bone
  5. Sutural, Wormian
    Small, irregular bones found along cranial sutures, esp. related to the parietal bone.
  6. Sesamoid
    • formed after birth in tendones where the tendon passes over a joint
    • act to decrease friction on the tendon and may change muscular pull direction
  7. Patella
    sesamoid
  8. Sphenoid
    irregular
  9. Vertebra
    irregular
  10. Scapula
    flat
  11. carpals
    short
  12. femur
    long
  13. tibia
    long
  14. Fissure
    • deep furrow or cleft
    • e.g. superior and inferior orbital fissures in bony eye sockets
  15. Foramen
    • perforation through bone or membrane
    • e.g. vertebral foramen
  16. fossa
    • depression
    • e.g. olecranon fossa
  17. sulcus
    • long, narrow groove, not as deep as a fissure
    • e.g. sulcus tali
  18. meatus
    • external opening of a canal
    • e.g. external auditory meatus
  19. external opening of a canal
    meatus
  20. long, narrow groove, not as deep as a fissure
    sulcus
  21. depression
    fossa
  22. perforation through bone or membrane
    Foramen
  23. deep furrow or cleft
    Fissure
  24. Condyle
    • rounded, articular surface at the extremity of a bone
    • e.g. lateral femoral condyle
  25. Facet
    • small, smooth area on a bone
    • e.g. vertebral facets
  26. head
    • rounded extremity of a bone, OR one part of a complex muscle
    • e.g. head of the femur
  27. rounded extremity of a bone, OR one part of a complex muscle
    head
  28. small, smooth area on a bone
    facet
  29. rounded, articular surface at the extremity of a bone
    Condyle
  30. Depressions and openings
    • fissure
    • foramen
    • fossa
    • sulcus
    • meatus
  31. processes forming joints
    • condyle
    • facet
    • head
  32. processes attaching tissue
    • crest
    • epicondyle
    • line (linea)
    • spinous process
    • trochanter
    • tubercle
    • tuberosity
  33. crest
    • a bony ridge
    • e.g. illiac crest
  34. epicondyle
    • projection from a long bone near the articular extremity above or on the condyle
    • e.g. lateral femoral epicondyle
  35. line (linea)
    • long, narrow mark or strip, distinguished from adjacent tissue by color, texture or elevation.
    • e.g. linea aspera of the posterior femur
  36. spinous procces
    dorsal projection from the centre of the vertebral arch
  37. trochanter
    • bony prominence at the proximal femur
    • great and lesser
  38. tubercle
    • nodule, not pathogenic
    • e.g. adductor tubercle of femur
  39. tuberosity
    • large tubercle or rounded elevation especially from the surface of bone
    • e.g. deltoid tuberosity
  40. large tubercle or rounded elevation especially from the surface of bone
    tuberosity
  41. nodule, not pathogenic
    tubercle
  42. bony prominence at the proximal femurgreat and lesser
    trochanter
  43. dorsal projection from the centre of the vertebral arch
    spinous procces
  44. long, narrow mark or strip, distinguished from adjacent tissue by color, texture or elevation.
    line (linea)
  45. projection from a long bone near the articular extremity above or on the condyle
    epicondyle
  46. a bony ridge
    crest

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