Geog 3: Lecture 9

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dante01
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Geog 3: Lecture 9
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2013-09-10 00:47:13
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  1. What is religion?
    • -system of belief
    • -shared 
    • -organized
    • -hierarchical
  2. Ethics
    • tells us how to be behave 
    • -ex. Confucianism is strictly ethics
  3. Cosmology
    how the universe works
  4. Major religions and foundations
    • 1. Christianity (Meso)
    • 2. Islam (Meso)
    • 3. Hinduism (India)
    • 4. Buddhism (India)
    • 5. Chinese religion (China)
  5. Major religion splits
    • 1. Christianity
    • -Western: Roman Catholic and Protestant
    • -Eastern: Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox
    • 2.Islam
    • -Sunnism
    • -Shism
    • 3. Buddhism
    • -Theravada
    • -Mahayana – Lamaism
    • 4. HinduismValshavism
    • - Vishno:Vishnu
    • -Shaivism:Shiva
  6. Syncretism
    • -creation of a new religion based on part of a old religion 
    • -Ex. Christianity is syncretized from Judaism and paganism
  7. Paul
    Christianity from a Jewish religion to converting people into pagans.
  8. Constantine
    Roman Emperor who decided to convert to Christianity
  9. Islam is syncretized from
    • 1. Christianity
    • 2. Judaism
    • 3. Paganism
  10. Schneerson
    Orthodox rabbi who's followers named him the messiah
  11. Universal Religion vs National Religion
    • 1. Universal Religion:
    • -go on missions to other countries to try and convert people to their religion.
    • -Not bound to one nation.
    • -Ex. Mormonism, Islam, Christianity 
    • 2. National Religion:   
    • - group of people who identify themselves with this religion
    • -Ex. Judaism
  12. Language is a ______that gives things the opportunity to spread
    medium
  13. Religious figures
    • 1. Confucius
    • – Confucianism
    • -6c-5c BC
    • 2. Lao Zi
    • -Taoism 
    • – 6c-5c BC
    • 3. Siddhartha Gautama
    • -Buddhism 
    • -6c-5c BC
    • 4. Jesus of Nazareth
    • -Christianity 
    • -BC – 29 AD
    • -No record of him at the time from other people
    • -Bible written 150 years after his death
    • 5. Muhammad
    • -Islam
    • -570-632 CE
    • -More reliable because more recent and recorded with technology.
    • -By the time he died he was already control of all of Arabia.
    • -Everybody knew of Islam and Mohammad while he was alive.
  14. Judaism
    • -belief of a specific group of people
    • -Jews: Tribal identification along with the place-Judea
    • -Hebrews: ethnolinguistic group 
    • -In this religion Jews are the specific chosen peopleThe original followers of Christianity were Jews
  15. First historical religion of the persians
    Zoroastrianism
  16. Paganism influences on Judaism and Christianity
    • -Immaculate Conception
    • -Virgin Birth
    • -Collection of relics: Bones
  17. Immaculate conception
    birth of mary
  18. Roman empire lingua franca
    • 1. West
    • -Latin
    • 2. East
    • -Greek
  19. Roman patriarchs
    • -bishops of rome; pope
    • -Had more consolidated power and much more believers
    • -Constantinople was the most important empire
  20. Roman empire movement of capital
    Movement of the capital from Rome (West) to Constantinople (East) Byzantine.
  21. Birthplace of Christianity
    Jerusalem
  22. Abyssinians location
    -located in Ethiopia
  23. Istanbul
    modern day Constantinople
  24. Eastern Catholics
    • 1. Ukrainian
    • 2. Maronites
    • 3. India/Keralam
  25. Western Christianity plot
    • 1. Catholics 
    • 2. Protestants
    • -Martin Luther
  26. Eastern Orthodox
    • -Mostly slavs
    • -Russians, Ukranians, Serbs, Greeks
  27. Oriental Orthodox
    -abyssinians, armenians
  28. The most important city of Islam
    • Mecca
    • -important trading center of the Hijaz
    • -and important region and pilgrimage center
    • -where Muhammad came from
  29. kaiba
    • -large structure in the center of Mecca.
    • -Big black cube with a meteorite located in the middle of the cube.
    • -Worshipping a piece that has come from the sky
  30. Muhammad's hegira
    • -622
    • -completes his Hegira, or "flight," from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution
  31. Original place Muslims prayed towards
    • -Jerusalem
    • -3rd most holy site after Mecca and Medina

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