Geog 3: Lecture 9
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Geog 3: Lecture 9
What is religion?
-system of belief
tells us how to be behave
-ex. Confucianism is strictly ethics
how the universe works
Major religions and foundations
1. Christianity (Meso)
2. Islam (Meso)
3. Hinduism (India)
4. Buddhism (India)
5. Chinese religion (China)
Major religion splits
: Roman Catholic and Protestant
: Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox
-Mahayana – Lamaism
-creation of a new religion based on part of a old religion
-Ex. Christianity is syncretized from Judaism and paganism
Christianity from a Jewish religion to converting people into pagans.
Roman Emperor who decided to convert to Christianity
Islam is syncretized from
Orthodox rabbi who's followers named him the messiah
Universal Religion vs National Religion
1. Universal Religion
-go on missions to other countries to try and convert people to their religion.
-Not bound to one nation.
-Ex. Mormonism, Islam, Christianity
2. National Religion
- group of people who identify themselves with this religion
Language is a ______that gives things the opportunity to spread
2. Lao Zi
– 6c-5c BC
3. Siddhartha Gautama
4. Jesus of Nazareth
-BC – 29 AD
-No record of him at the time from other people
-Bible written 150 years after his death
-More reliable because more recent and recorded with technology.
-By the time he died he was already control of all of Arabia.
-Everybody knew of Islam and Mohammad while he was alive.
-belief of a specific group of people
: Tribal identification along with the place-Judea
: ethnolinguistic group
-In this religion Jews are the specific chosen peopleThe original followers of Christianity were Jews
First historical religion of the persians
Paganism influences on Judaism and Christianity
-Collection of relics
birth of mary
Roman empire lingua franca
-bishops of rome; pope
-Had more consolidated power and much more believers
-Constantinople was the most important empire
Roman empire movement of capital
Movement of the capital from Rome (West) to Constantinople (East) Byzantine.
Birthplace of Christianity
-located in Ethiopia
modern day Constantinople
Western Christianity plot
-Russians, Ukranians, Serbs, Greeks
The most important city of Islam
-important trading center of the Hijaz
-and important region and pilgrimage center
-where Muhammad came from
-large structure in the center of Mecca.
-Big black cube with a meteorite located in the middle of the cube.
-Worshipping a piece that has come from the sky
-completes his Hegira, or "flight," from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution
Original place Muslims prayed towards
-3rd most holy site after Mecca and Medina