the ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture
the total number of people divided by the total land area
an east-west line designated under the land ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the united states
the science of making maps
the spread of something over a given area
relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space
the rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout the population
geographic approach that emphasizes human environment relationships
fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group
the body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group's distinct tradition
the frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area
the process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
the diminishing in the importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin
the arrangement of something across earth's surface
a 19th and early 20th century approach to the study of geography which argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. Geography was therefore the study of how the physical environment caused human activies.
the spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process
formal region (uniform or homogeneous region)
an area in which everyone shared one or more distinctive characteristics
functional region (nodal region)
an area organized around a node or focal point
geographic information system (gis)
a computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data
global positioning system (gps)
a system that determines the precise position of something on earth through a series of satellites, tacking stations, and recievers.
actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope
Greenwich mean time (gmt)
the time in that zone encompassing the prime meridian, or 0 longitude
the region from which innovative ideas originate
the spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places.
international date line
an arc that for the most part follows 180 longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. when you cross the international date line heading east, the clock moves back 24 hours. when you go west, the calendar moves ahead one day.
land ordinance of 1785
a law that divided much of the united states into townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers.
the numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on the globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator.
the position of anything on the earth's surface
the numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on the globe and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian.
a two-dimensional, or flat, representation of earth's surface or a portion of it.
a representation of a portion of earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located
an arc drawn on a map between the north and south poles
a circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians
the geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area
the number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
a specific point on earth distinguished by a particular character
land created by the dutch by draining water from an area.
the theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from the alternatives
the meridian, designated at 0 longitude, that passes through the royal observatory at Greenwich, England.
a north-south line designated in the land ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the united states
the system used to transfer locations from earth's surface to the flat map.
an area distinguished by a unique combination of trends or features
regional ( cultural landscape) studies
an approach to geography that emphasizes the relationships among social and physical phenomena in a particular study area
the spread of a feature or trend though bodily movement of people from one place to another
the acquisition of data about earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or from other long-distance methods
An substance in the environment that is useful to people, is economically and technologically feasible to access,and is socially acceptable to use.
generally, the relationship between the portion of earth being studied and earth as a whole, specifically, the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature in earth's surface
A square normally 1 mile on a side. The land ordinance of 1785 divided townships in the united states in 36 sections.
the physical character of a place
the location of a place relative to another place
the physical gap or interval between two objects
the reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something in a distant place as a result of improved communications and transportation systems
the spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected
the name given to a portion of earth's surface
a square normally 6 miles on one side. the land ordinance of 1785 divided much of the united states into a series of townships
a company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, but just where its headquarters or shareholders are located.
the increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral regions as a result of globalization of the economy
vernacular region (perpetual region)
an area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity.
the ratio of the number of farmers to total amount of land suitable for agriculture
the time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering
a complete enumeration of a population
crude birth rate (cbr)
the total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society
crude death rate (cdr)
the total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society
the process of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude and birth rates, low rate of natural increase, and a high total population
the scientific study of population characteristics
the number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64 compared to number of people active in the labor force
the number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase
the portion of earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement
distinctive cause of death in each stage of the demographic transition
branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution, and control of diseases that are prevalent among a population at a special time and are produced by some special cause not generally present in the affected locality.
a series of improvements n the industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
infant mortality rate (imr)
the total umber of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for every 1,000 live births in a society
the average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social,economic, and medical conditions. life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live
medical technology invented in Europe and north america that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of Europe in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives.
natural increase rate
the percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate.
the number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population
the number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suited for agriculture.
a bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex
the number of males per 100 females in the population
total fertility rate (tfr)
the average number of children a women will have throughout her childbearing years.
zero population growth (zpg)
a decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.
large-scale emigration by talented people
migration of people to a specific location because of relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there.
short-term, repetitive, or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis
net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries
migration from a location
the area subject to flooding during a given number of years according to historical trends
permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors
workers who migrate to the more developed countries of northern and western europe , usually from southern and eastern europe or from north africa, in search of high paying jobs
migration to a new location
permanent movement within a particular country
permanent movement from one country to another
permanent movement from one region of a country to another
an environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration
permanent movement within one region of a country
form of relocation diffusion involving a permanent move to a new location
change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition
all types of movement from one location to another
the difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration
factor that induces people to move to a new location
factor that induces people to leave old residences
in reference to migration,laws that place maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year
people who are forced to migrate from their home country and can not return for fear of prosecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group,or political opinion.
people who enter a country without proper documents