Geog 3: Lecture 10

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dante01
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233963
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Geog 3: Lecture 10
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2013-09-10 03:18:58
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  1. Yathrib
    • -the ancient Arabic name for the city of Medina
    • -renamed by Muhammad
  2. reconquista
    • -muslim invasion of Iberia
    • -christians pushed arabs out
  3. Byzantine Empire
    • -predominantly greek speaking 
    • -eastern part of roman empire
  4. Linguistic cultures that have contributed to islamic culture
    • 1. Arabic
    • 2. Persian
    • 3. Turkic
  5. areas where islam spread
    • 1. Malay/javanese
    • 2. Indic
  6. Sunnism vs Shiism
    • 1. Sunnism
    • - believes that the first four caliphs--Mohammed's successors--rightfully took his place as the leaders of Muslims
    • 2. Shiism 
    • -believe that only the heirs of the fourth caliph, Ali, are the legitimate successors of Mohammed.----Hasan, Hussein
  7. Alawites
    • -generally accepted as a form of shiitism
    • -Asaad regime
  8. Hinduism
    • -what indians believe
    • -not one single belief
    • -Example of pluralism: particular religion that has lots of ways of seeing things
  9. Bahasa
    • -official language of Indonesia
    • -sanskrit
  10. Indo-Aryans
    • 1. India
    • 2. Pakistan
    • 3. Bangladesh
    • 4. Nepal
    • 5. Sri Lanka
  11. Punjab
    • -region in south asia
    • -"five rivers"
    • -hinduism originated here
    • -eastern paskistan and north India
  12. Rigveda
    The most ancient collection of Hindu sacred verses
  13. Caste system
    • 1. Brahmns-------priests
    • 2. Kshatriyas------warriors/ruler
    • 3. Vaishyas-----farmers, merchants
    • 4. Shudras-----workers/servants
    • 5. Untouchables-------outside caste system
  14. ahimsa
    • -Hinduism and Buddhism
    • -non-violence
  15. samsara
    -reincarnation
  16. Dharma vs Kharma
    • 1. Dharma
    • -the law that orders the universe
    • 2. Kharma
    • -good deeds can lead to good benefits
  17. Vedic
    hindu religion
  18. Hindu Gods
    • 1. Vishnu: preserver
    • 2. Shiva: destroyer
    • 3. Shakti: mother figure
    • 4. Brahma: creator
  19. Bodhi
    -the final enlightenment of Buddha
  20. Four Noble Truths
    • -Buddha's basic teachings
    • -suffering
  21. Noble Eightfold Path
    -way to end suffering
  22. Lamaist
    Tibetan Buddhist
  23. Branches of Buddhism
    • 1. Vajrayana
    • -thunderbolt vehicl
    • 2. Mahayana
    • -Great Vehicle
    • -worship buddha as a god
    • 3. Thervada
    • -original
    • -textually devoted
  24. Buddhist path of meditation
    • 1. Dhyana
    • -Meditative state
    • 2. Chan 
    • -chinese
    • 3. Zen 
    • -japenese
  25. Chinese religions
    • 1. Confucianism
    • 2. Taoism
    • 3. Taoist Buddhism
    • 4. Ancestor Worship
  26. Dao De Jing
    • - "Way", "Virtue", "Book"
    • -Taoism
  27. Hui speak_____and practice______
    • -Mandarin
    • -Islam
  28. Lebanon groups
    • 1.Maronites
    • -historically the largest 
    • -christians
    • 2. Shiites
    • -currently the largest
    • 3. Sunnis
  29. Main religious groups in Ireland
    • 1. Catholics
    • 2. Protestants
    • *division of political power

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