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2013-09-10 01:32:46

test 1
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  1. Functionalist theory
    sees society as a system of parts that work together to maintain the cohesion of the whole system

    Emile Durkheim
  2. conflict theory
    sees society as a collection of parts held together by social power

    Karl Marx
  3. symbolic interaction
    sees society as socially constructed by everyday encounters between people

    Max Weber
  4. sociological imagination
    ability to discern the relationship between individual experience and social forces in the larger society
  5. marx alienation
    believed that industrial capitalism was an oppressive system that would fail, in part because it produced alienation.
  6. Weber rational theory
    concluded that under industrial capitalism, society was becoming excessively rational and calculating.  As a consequence, social vitality was lost, and life was lacking in spontaneity.
  7. Durkheim anomic
    stressed the importance of shared values. When common values are absent, anomie prevails, and people suffer from the anxiety of not being attached to society.
  8. theory
    body of plausible assertion that scientifically explain a phenomenom
  9. hypothesis
    a prediction that reasonable follow after a theory
  10. Nominal Theory
    Expresses the essence of an idea in words
  11. operational definition
    Expresses the essence of the idea in terms of measurement
  12. Reliable measure
    A measure that when repeated, produces the identical result....

  13. Validity
    When a measure really measures what a researcher intends it to measure.

  14. Research Methods
    Quantitative and Qualitative
  15. Quantitative methods
    Methods that rely heavily on statistical and mathematical techniques
  16. Qualitative methods
    Research techniques that capture the subjective
  17. Census
    an enumeration or polling of an entire population or universe
  18. population
    refers to any collection of units that the researcher is interested in.
  19. survey
    a research technique that polls a survey of respondents
  20. sample
    a small number of cases that represent the entire universe
  21. independent variable
    leads to or produces the dependent variable
  22. dependent variable
    follows from or is caused by the independent variable
  23. experiment
    procedure for studying the relation between two or more variables under controlled conditions.
  24. structured interview
    procedure in which a researcher asks respondents a series of questions and then records the answers.
  25. life history
    a long interview that attempts to discover the essential features, decisive moments, or turning points in a respondent life.
  26. participant observation
    study to obtain in depth understanding of detailed and sometimes intimate knowledge of the people being studied by participating in their activities.