anatomy test chapter 1

Card Set Information

Author:
alicia0309
ID:
233975
Filename:
anatomy test chapter 1
Updated:
2013-09-10 02:01:35
Tags:
human anatomy
Folders:

Description:
anatomy test chapter 1 cells
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user alicia0309 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. prototypical cell
    • plasma membrane
    • cytoplasm
    • nucleus
  2. plasma membrane
    • outer lining
    • separates internal contents from external contents
  3. cytoplasm
    • "contents inside"
    • Cytosol, Inclusions, Organelles
  4. Nucleus
    • control center
    • regulates protein synthesis
  5. types of membrane proteins
    • Integral Proteins-embedded in lipid layer, act as membrane channels
    • Peripheral Proteins- not embedded, attached loosely on peripheral cell
  6. functions of the membrane proteins
    • transport
    • Intercellular Connection
    • Anchors Cytoskeleton
    • Enzyme Activity
    • Cell-cell recognition
    • signal transduction
  7. AAA
    active transport
    • Active transport
    • Against gradient
    • ATP is needed
  8. passive transport
    • rock rolling down hill
    • needs no help
  9. Living Factory
    • Nucleus-control center
    • Ribosomes-workbenches
    • Endoplasmic Reticulum-packaging dept
    • Golgi Complex-shipping dept
  10. Nucleus
    • control center or Recipe
    • site of DNA and RNA synthesis
    • tells ribosomes what to do
  11. Ribosomes
    • Workbenches
    • site of protein synthesis (assembles Protein)
  12. Endoplasmic Reticulum
    • Rough (studded with ribosomes) and smooth ER
    • gets folded
    • Packaging Department
    • processes and packages proteins
  13. Golgi Complex
    • Shipping Department
    • Further processes and attaches chemical tags
  14. protein is not functional unless what
    folded correctly
  15. 2nd part of living factory
    • Mitochondria-power center
    • Lysosomes-waste removal
    • Peroxisomes-detox
    • Cytoskeleton-structure foundation
  16. Cytoskeleton
    • Structure Foundation
    • structures that maintain shape of the cell
  17. Peroxisomes
    • Detox
    • degrades harmful byproducts of cellular reactions and other unwanted substances
  18. Lysosomes
    • waste removal and recycling
    • brakes down substances that are no longer useful into building block materials that can be reused
  19. Mitochondria
    • Power Center
    • converts energy gained from ingestion of food into cellular energy (ATP)
  20. life cycle of a cell
    • interphase
    • G1-growth
    • S- synthesis
    • G2-grow 2
    • Mitotic
    • Prophase
    • Metaphase
    • Anaphase
    • Telophase
  21. prophase
    • nuclear envelope breaks down, chromosomes condense
    • spindle fibers are formed
    • centrioles migrate to opposite side
  22. metaphase
    • chromosomes (consisting of 2 chromatids) line up at the center of the cell
    • spindle fibers attach to chromosomes
  23. Anaphase
    Chromatids are pulled apart
  24. Telophase
    • chromatids arrive at poles
    • cleavage furrow forms
    • two daughter cells separate
  25. the stage of the cell cycle where cells participate in growth and metabolic activities is called
    interphase

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview