informatics ch. 6: overview of nursing informatics

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informatics ch. 6: overview of nursing informatics
2013-09-16 13:29:59

informatics ch.6
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  1. define nursing informatics
    • a specialty that integrates nursing science, computer science, and information science to manage and communicate data, information, knowledge and wisdom in nursing practice 
    • supports consumers, patients, nurses, and other providers in their decision-making in all roles and settings
  2. goal of nursing informatics
    to improve the health of populations, communities, families and individuals by optimizing information, management, and communication
  3. describe framework for the study of nursing knowledge
    • NI 1. provides a nursing perspective,
    • 2. illuminates nursing values and beliefs 
    • 3. denotes a practice base for nurses in NI 
    • 4. produces unique knowledge 
    • 5. distinguishes groups of practitioners 
    • 6. focuses on the phenomena of interest for nursing 
    • 7. provides needed nursing language and word context to health informatics
  4. Define wisdom
    • understanding, applying, and applying with compassion 
    • knowing when and how to apply knowledge to deal with complex problems or specific human need
  5. define nurse as information processor
    receives information (ex. medical diagnoses) then thinks then comes up with way of using that information to benefit patient
  6. describe the process of decision making as a phenomena of nursing
    • nurses make decisions about interventions from their unique perspectives
    • decision making is the process of choosing among alternatives
    • decisions that affect nurses make can be characterized by both the quality of decisions and impact of the actions resulting from those decisions
    • nurses make numerous decisions that affect the life and well-being of individuals, families and communities
    • decision making guided by the concept of critical thinking
  7. critical thinking
    intellectual disciplined process of actively and skillfully using knowledge to conceptualize, apply, analyze, synthesize, or evaluate data and information as a guide to belief and action
  8. Discuss decision support systems
    • computer applications designed to facilitate human decision-making processes 
    • typically rule-based, using a specific knowledge base and a set of rules to analyze data and information and provide recommendations
  9. expert system
    • a type of decision support system
    • implements the knowledge of one or more human experts without human intervention
  10. example of expert system
    an insulin pump that senses the patient's blood glucose level and administers insulin based on that data is a form of expert system
  11. Who is an informatics nurse?
    • a nurse with specialized skills, knowledge, and competencies in informatics
    • an RN with an interest or experience working in an informatics field
    • a generalist in the field of informatics in nursing