PSY 200 Chapter 8 vocab

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PSY 200 Chapter 8 vocab
2013-09-10 06:52:51
chapter terms

vocab terms for PSY 200 chapter 8
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  1. forgetting that is caused by physical problems in the brain, such as those induced by injury or disease
  2. memory loss for events that happen after the point of physical injury
    anterograde amnesia
  3. a testing condition in which people are given an explicit retrieval cue to help them remember
    cued recall
  4. the proposal that memories are forgotten or lost spontaneously with the passage of time
  5. refers to how unique or different a memory record is from other things in memory.  Distinctive memory records tend to be recalled well
  6. spacing the repetitions of to-be-remembered information over time
    distributed practice
  7. the system that produces and stores auditory sensory memories
    echoic memory
  8. an encoding process that involves the formation of connections between to-be-remembered input and other information in memory.
  9. the processes that determine and control how memories are formed
  10. a memory for a particular event, or episode, that happened to you personally, such as remembering what you ate for breakfast this morning or where you went on vacation last year.
    episodic memory
  11. conscious, willful remembering
    explicit memory
  12. rich memory records of the circumstances surrounding emotionally significant and surprising events.
    flashbulb memories
  13. the loss of accessibility to previously stored material
  14. a testing condition in which a person is asked to remember information without explicit retrieval cues
    free recall
  15. the system that produces and stores visual sensory memories
    iconic memory
  16. remembering that occurs in the absence of conscious awareness or willful intent
    implicit memory
  17. the system used to maintain information for extended periods of time
    long-term memory
  18. the capacity to preserve and recover information
  19. the number of items that can be recalled from short-term memory in their proper presentation order on half of the tested memory trials.
    memory span
  20. a mnemonic device in which you choose some pathway, such as moving through the rooms in your house, and then form visual images of the to-be-remembered items sitting in locations along the pathway
    method of loci
  21. special mental tricks that help people think about material in ways that improve later memory.  Most mnemonic devices require the use of visual imagery.
    mnemonic devices
  22. a mnemonic device in which you form visual images connecting to-be-remembered items with retrieval cues, or pegs
    peg-word method
  23. the better memory of items near the beginning of a memorized list
    primacy effect
  24. a process in which old memories interfere with the establishment and recovery of new memories
    proactive interference
  25. knowledge about how to do things, such as riding a bike or swinging a golf club
    procedural memory
  26. the better memory of items near the end of a memorized list
    recency effect
  27. a strategic process that helps maintain short-term memories indefinitely through the use of internal repetition.
  28. a defense mechanism that individuals use, unknowingly, to push threatening thoughts, memories, or feelings out of conscious awareness
  29. the processes that determine and control how memories are recovered and translated into performance
  30. a process in which the formation of new memories hurts the recovery of old memories
    retroactive interference
  31. memory loss for events that happened prior to the point of brain injury
    retrograde amnesia
  32. an organized knowledge structure in long-term memory.
  33. knowledge about the world, stored as facts that make little or no reference to one's personal experience
    semantic memory
  34. an exact replica of an environmental message, which usually lasts for a second or less
    sensory memory
  35. a limited-capacity system that we use to hold information after it has been analyzed for periods lasting less than a minute or two
    short-term memory
  36. the idea that the likelihood of correct retrieval is increased if a person uses the same kind of mental processes during testing that he or she used during encoding
    transfer-appropriate processing
  37. the process used to construct an internal visual image
    visual imagery