PSY 200 Chapter 8 vocab
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PSY 200 Chapter 8 vocab
vocab terms for PSY 200 chapter 8
forgetting that is caused by physical problems in the brain, such as those induced by injury or disease
memory loss for events that happen after the point of physical injury
a testing condition in which people are given an explicit retrieval cue to help them remember
the proposal that memories are forgotten or lost spontaneously with the passage of time
refers to how unique or different a memory record is from other things in memory. Distinctive memory records tend to be recalled well
spacing the repetitions of to-be-remembered information over time
the system that produces and stores auditory sensory memories
an encoding process that involves the formation of connections between to-be-remembered input and other information in memory.
the processes that determine and control how memories are formed
a memory for a particular event, or episode, that happened to you personally, such as remembering what you ate for breakfast this morning or where you went on vacation last year.
conscious, willful remembering
rich memory records of the circumstances surrounding emotionally significant and surprising events.
the loss of accessibility to previously stored material
a testing condition in which a person is asked to remember information without explicit retrieval cues
the system that produces and stores visual sensory memories
remembering that occurs in the absence of conscious awareness or willful intent
the system used to maintain information for extended periods of time
the capacity to preserve and recover information
the number of items that can be recalled from short-term memory in their proper presentation order on half of the tested memory trials.
a mnemonic device in which you choose some pathway, such as moving through the rooms in your house, and then form visual images of the to-be-remembered items sitting in locations along the pathway
method of loci
special mental tricks that help people think about material in ways that improve later memory. Most mnemonic devices require the use of visual imagery.
a mnemonic device in which you form visual images connecting to-be-remembered items with retrieval cues, or pegs
the better memory of items near the beginning of a memorized list
a process in which old memories interfere with the establishment and recovery of new memories
knowledge about how to do things, such as riding a bike or swinging a golf club
the better memory of items near the end of a memorized list
a strategic process that helps maintain short-term memories indefinitely through the use of internal repetition.
a defense mechanism that individuals use, unknowingly, to push threatening thoughts, memories, or feelings out of conscious awareness
the processes that determine and control how memories are recovered and translated into performance
a process in which the formation of new memories hurts the recovery of old memories
memory loss for events that happened prior to the point of brain injury
an organized knowledge structure in long-term memory.
knowledge about the world, stored as facts that make little or no reference to one's personal experience
an exact replica of an environmental message, which usually lasts for a second or less
a limited-capacity system that we use to hold information after it has been analyzed for periods lasting less than a minute or two
the idea that the likelihood of correct retrieval is increased if a person uses the same kind of mental processes during testing that he or she used during encoding
the process used to construct an internal visual image