1.1.1 psych tst

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  1. what is the basis of psych testing?
  2. What is a test?
    measurement device or tehnique used to quantify behavior or aid in the understanding or predictinon of behavior
  3. what is an item?
    • is a specific stimulus to which a person responds overtly
    • *this response can be scored or evaluated
  4. what is a psych test?
    is a set of items that are designed to measure characteristics of human beings tht pertain to behavior
  5. what are scales?
    relate raw scores on test items to some defined theoretical or empirical distribution
  6. what 3 things do tests do?
    -measure current behavior

    -predict future behavior

    -infer hidden behavior
  7. tests may measure _____ or ____
    states; traits
  8. human ability tests- achievement tests
    measure previous learning
  9. human ability tests- aptitude tests
    measure potential for acquiring a particular skill
  10. human ability test- intelligence tests
    predict future academic performance
  11. Wht does intelligence refer to?
    person's general ability to solve problems, adapt to changing circumstances, think abstractly, and profit form experience
  12. What does intelligence equate?
    potential not acheivement
  13. personality tests- What is a structured test?
    there is a statement and the testee chooses a response to it from a limited set of possibilities
  14. personality tests- projective tests
    stimulus and/or the response are ambiguous
  15. prnciples of psych tst- what is reliability?
    refers to the accuracy, dependability, consistency or repeatability of test results
  16. principles of psych tst- validity?
    refers to the meaning and usefulness of tests
  17. principles of psych tst- what is the act of giving out a test?
    test administration
  18. What type of testing were they using be Han Dynsty?
    test batteries
  19. in 1832, which company adopted the chineese system to select employees for overseas duty?
    British East India Company
  20. What did the american govt established in 1883?
    American Civil Service Commission
  21. what was the idea of establishing the American Civil Servie Commission?
    -the smarter a person or the more knwoledge a person had the better that person would be able to work effectively
  22. What did francis galton write about in Hereditary genius?
    -he beleived british upper classes had become that by having been selected for higher intelligence
  23. who developed that idea of mental tests?
    James McKeen Cattell
  24. who setup a lab at the University of Leipzig in 1879?
    Wilhelm Wundt
  25. who is credited with founding the science of pschology?
    Wilhelm Wundt
  26. Who succeeded Wundt?
  27. Which was one of the first western psych tests?
    seguin form board
  28. What was the seguin form board orginally developed for?
    to educate and evaluate mentally handicapped
  29. Why did the French Ministry appointed Binet and Simon?
    to develop a way to identify mentally subnormal individuals
  30. what 3 revolutionary ideas did binet have?
    -intelligence devlops

    -it develops in same pattern just at a different rate

    -intellignece can be measured by observing how people solve problems
  31. in 1905, Binet-simon scale had a...
    standardization sample
  32. what is a norm?
    a sample against which an individual's score cna be compared
  33. What else did Binet-Simon scale introduced?
    • mntal age
    • *it can be compared with chronological age
  34. in 1912, stern introduced the idea of making what with the mental age and chronological age?
    • ratio
    • *MA/CA
  35. What did terman do to the binet-simon test in 1916? and why?
    he translated the test to english bc he felt that some of the thigns were too culture specific
  36. what did TErman call his revised Binet-SImon test?
    Standford Binet
  37. In the genius study, whcih characterisitc was the one that was asscoaited with greater longevity?
  38. what was the army alpha test for?
    soldiers who were literate
  39. what was the army beta test for?
    soldiers who were illiterate
  40. What did david wechsler develop?
  41. what 3 things did the wechsler-bellvue introduce?
    -deviation IQ

    • -performance scales
    • *mesured nonverbal ability

    -number of scales
  42. what was the woodworth personal data sheet?
    develpped to weed out army recruit who were likley to develop shell shock
  43. What year was Rorschach published?
  44. which test did the freudians beleived was the royal road to the unconscious?
  45. is rorschach test still used often?
    yes it is still one of the most used today
  46. What dd christina morgan and henry Murray develop?
    Thematic apperception test
  47. Why was MMPI developemnt important?
    it was the first empirically developed personality tests
  48. what is the shakow report and where was it made?
    -foundation of formal clinical training standards in psych.

    -was made at Boulder Conference
  49. what did the shakow report especify? (2)
    -psych tests was unique function of clincial psychs

    -psych tests should only be taught to dr level psych students
  50. Back then what were psychologists uniquely trained in?
    scientific methods and the foundations of psych functions
Card Set:
1.1.1 psych tst
2013-09-10 14:36:21
psych tst

chapter 1
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