1.1.1 psych tst
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1.1.1 psych tst
what is the basis of psych testing?
What is a test?
measurement device or tehnique used to quantify behavior or aid in the understanding or predictinon of behavior
what is an item?
is a specific stimulus to which a person responds overtly
*this response can be scored or evaluated
what is a psych test?
is a set of items that are designed to measure characteristics of human beings tht pertain to behavior
what are scales?
relate raw scores on test items to some defined theoretical or empirical distribution
what 3 things do tests do?
-measure current behavior
-predict future behavior
-infer hidden behavior
tests may measure _____ or ____
human ability tests- achievement tests
measure previous learning
human ability tests- aptitude tests
measure potential for acquiring a particular skill
human ability test- intelligence tests
predict future academic performance
Wht does intelligence refer to?
person's general ability to solve problems, adapt to changing circumstances, think abstractly, and profit form experience
What does intelligence equate?
potential not acheivement
personality tests- What is a structured test?
there is a statement and the testee chooses a response to it from a limited set of possibilities
personality tests- projective tests
stimulus and/or the response are ambiguous
prnciples of psych tst- what is reliability?
refers to the accuracy, dependability, consistency or repeatability of test results
principles of psych tst- validity?
refers to the meaning and usefulness of tests
principles of psych tst- what is the act of giving out a test?
What type of testing were they using be Han Dynsty?
in 1832, which company adopted the chineese system to select employees for overseas duty?
British East India Company
What did the american govt established in 1883?
American Civil Service Commission
what was the idea of establishing the American Civil Servie Commission?
-the smarter a person or the more knwoledge a person had the better that person would be able to work effectively
What did francis galton write about in Hereditary genius?
-he beleived british upper classes had become that by having been selected for higher intelligence
who developed that idea of mental tests?
James McKeen Cattell
who setup a lab at the University of Leipzig in 1879?
who is credited with founding the science of pschology?
Who succeeded Wundt?
Which was one of the first western psych tests?
seguin form board
What was the seguin form board orginally developed for?
to educate and evaluate mentally handicapped
Why did the French Ministry appointed Binet and Simon?
to develop a way to identify mentally subnormal individuals
what 3 revolutionary ideas did binet have?
-it develops in same pattern just at a different rate
-intellignece can be measured by observing how people solve problems
in 1905, Binet-simon scale had a...
what is a norm?
a sample against which an individual's score cna be compared
What else did Binet-Simon scale introduced?
*it can be compared with chronological age
in 1912, stern introduced the idea of making what with the mental age and chronological age?
What did terman do to the binet-simon test in 1916? and why?
he translated the test to english bc he felt that some of the thigns were too culture specific
what did TErman call his revised Binet-SImon test?
In the genius study, whcih characterisitc was the one that was asscoaited with greater longevity?
what was the army alpha test for?
soldiers who were literate
what was the army beta test for?
soldiers who were illiterate
What did david wechsler develop?
what 3 things did the wechsler-bellvue introduce?
*mesured nonverbal ability
-number of scales
what was the woodworth personal data sheet?
develpped to weed out army recruit who were likley to develop shell shock
What year was Rorschach published?
which test did the freudians beleived was the royal road to the unconscious?
is rorschach test still used often?
yes it is still one of the most used today
What dd christina morgan and henry Murray develop?
Thematic apperception test
Why was MMPI developemnt important?
it was the first empirically developed personality tests
what is the shakow report and where was it made?
-foundation of formal clinical training standards in psych.
-was made at Boulder Conference
what did the shakow report especify? (2)
-psych tests was unique function of clincial psychs
-psych tests should only be taught to dr level psych students
Back then what were psychologists uniquely trained in?
scientific methods and the foundations of psych functions