255 immunity

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elevatedsound7
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234016
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255 immunity
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2013-09-10 11:47:10
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255 immunity
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255 immunity
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  1. Active natural immunity =
    pt acquired disease and now has immunity
  2. active artificial immunity =
    immunization
  3. Passive natural immunity =
    acquired immunity through mother
  4. Passive artificial =
    • injection of serum from immune human
    • like Hep B
  5. where do T lymphocytes mature
    thymus gland
  6. B lymphocytes develop where
    bone marrow
  7. t cells are apart of what immunity
    cell immunity
  8. humoral immunity think about
    antigen antibodies
  9. plasma cells produce
    antibodies (immunoglobulins)
  10. B lymphocytes differentiate into
    plasma cells when activated
  11. viruses are killed by
    T lymphocytes
  12. are cancer cells attacked by humoral or cell mediated immunity
    • cell mediated
    • T cells
  13. CD8 cells are
    cytotoxic cells
  14. CD4 cells are
    • T helper cells
    • regulate cell-mediated immunity and the humoral antibody response
  15. what elevates the C - reactive protein
    complement system
  16. Natural killer cells are
    • involved in cell-mediated immunity
    • recognize and kill virus-infected cells, tumor cells, and transplanted grafts
  17. what do cytokines do
    they sound the alarm



























  18. Comparison of
    Humoral and Cell-Mediated Immunity

    Humoral

    Cellular

    Cells involved

    B lymphocytes

    T lymphocytes
    Macrophages

    Products

    Antibodies

    Sensitized T cells
    Cytokines

    Memory cells

    Present

    Present

















  19. Comparison of
    Humoral and Cell-Mediated Immunity

    Humoral

    Cellular

    Protection

    Bacteria
    Viruses (extracellular)
    Respiratory pathogens
    Gastrointestinal pathogens

    Fungus
    Viruses (intracellular)
    Chronic infectious agents
    Tumor cells

















  20. Comparison of
    Humoral and Cell-Mediated Immunity

    Humoral

    Cellular

    Examples

    Anaphylactic shock
    Atopic diseases
    Transfusion reactions
    Bacterial infections

    Tuberculosis
    Fungal infections
    Contact dermatitis
    Graft rejection
    Destruction of cancer cells
  21. primary immune response is evident when
    4 - 8 days after initial exposure to antigen
  22. what is the largest of the immunoglobulin
    IgM
  23. IgM reponsible for what
    primary immune response
  24. if someone has a lot of Igm it means
    they have acute infections
  25. IgG =
    largest component of total immune globulins
  26. elevated IgG shows
    had a past infection
  27. what immunoglobulin is given to give someone passive acquired immunity
    IgG
  28. what Immunoglobulin passes the placental border
    IgG
  29. which Immunoglobulin is found inbody secretions
    • IgA
    • which protects body surfaces
  30. IgE is important in
    allergic responses
  31. primary immunoglobulin of primary response =
    IgM (your miserable)
  32. immunoglobulin of secondary immune response =
    IgG
  33. cell mediated immunity response initiated through
    specific antigen recognition by T cells
  34. Activated T cells produce
    cytokines
  35. cells that are involved in cell-mediated immunity =
    • T lymphocytes
    • Macrophages
    • NK cells
  36. what are some important roles of the cell mediated immunity  =
    • viruses
    • mycobacterium
    • fungal infections
    • rejected transplant tissue
    • hypersensitivity reactions
  37. what are the effects of the aging on the immune system
    • shrinking thymus
    • decreased numbers of T cells
    • lower immunoglobulin levels

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