What is a accumulation of loose fragments of the horny layer of the skin?
What is a increased epidermal and/or dermal melanin?
What is a dilated hair follicle filled with corneocytes and sebaceous material?
What is a scale of loose keratin flakes or "peeling" keratin arranged in a circle?
What is a shallow epidermal defect that does not penetrate the basal membrane?
What is a focal loss of epidermis with exposure of underlying dermis?
What is thickening and hardening of the skin?
What 3 components is all connective tissue composed of?
1. Ground Substance
A mixture of the fibers and ground substance produce the ____.
What is the medium through with cells exchange nutrients and waste with the bloodstream?
Name the 3 fibers of connective tissue.
Which is the most commonly found in the body?
In Collagenous fibers the fibers are found in ____ and ____.
Tendons and ligaments
In collagenous fibers the fiber itself is white and is often called ___.
Which fiber is composed of collagen, and is thin, delicate, and branched?
Which fiber is coiled and can stretch and and contract like a rubber band?
Because of their color, the elastic fibers are often called ____.
Those cells that remain in the connective tissue are called
Cells that pass in and out of the connective tissue are called
Fixed cells are involved in the production and maintenance of the _____.
Transient cells are involved in ____ and ____ primarily.
Repair and protection
Fixed cells include ____, ____, ____, ____, and _____.
Fibroblast, Chondroblast, Osteoblast, Adipocytes, and Reticular cells
Fat cells group into groups known as ________.
_____ are large, irregularly shaped that make and secrete both fibers and ground substances.
_____ are flat star shaped cells with long out reaching arms forming net-like connections.
Reticular cells are involved in the _____ response.
What are the 3 types of transient or wandering cells?
Leukocytes, Mast cells, Macrophages
______ are white blood cells.
Leukocytes can squeeze between the spaces between the ________ cells of the capillaries to enter the surrounding tissue, this is known as ____.
Squamous epithelial; Diapedesis
____ cells have dark-staining granules in the cytoplasm. These granules contain what 3 things?
Mast; 1. Histamine 2. Heparin 3. Serotonin
______ promotes dilation of the vessels increasing diapedesis.
_____ are large having a primary job of phagocytizing scavenger.
Name the Macrophage of the Liver
Macrophage of the brain
Microphage of the Loose connective tissue
Microphage of the blood stream
Connective tissue is divided into 2 broad categories. What are they?
1. Connective tissue proper
2. Specialized connective tissue
What are the 2 sub classes of Connective tissue proper?
Loose connective tissue and Dense connective tissue
Elastic cartilage is found commonly in the _____ and the _____.
External Ear and Epiglottis
Which cartilage contains thick bundles of collagen fibers, found in the spaces between vertebrae of the spine.
What is the hardest most rigid type of connective tissue?
The Liquid component of blood is the ?
What are the 3 blood cells
Erythrocytes, Leukocytes, and Thrombocytes
4 common types of epithelial membranes.
The epithelial layer in mucous membranes is usually composed of either stratified squamous or simple columnar and it covers a layer of loose connective tissue.
Lamina Propria (Sub Mucosa)
Mucosae can produce large quantities of protective and lubricating ?
___ or ___ are responsible for the production and secretion of mucus that consist primarily of water, electrolytes and a protein
Goblet cells or multicellular glands
Serous membranes line walls and cover the organs that fill ___ body cavities, such as the ___,___,____,and ___.
Closed; Chest, thorax, abdominal and pelvic
The interstitial fluid that passes in the serosa layers is ____ and is thin and watery.
When cells, protein, and other solid material mix with serous fluid, it becomes denser than a transudate and is called a ____.
When an abnormally large amount of fluid enters a body cavity, the fluid is known as an ____.
The stomach is connected to the abdominal wall by mesentery called the ____. The uterus is similarly attached via the ____ _____.
Omentum; Broad Ligament
the Cutaneous membrane is also called ___ or more simply ___
What is the waterproof quality of skin?
Synovial membranes line the cavities of
Unlike other membranes, synovial membranes have no ____, they are composed exclusively of ____ _____.
Epithelium; Connective Tissue
Muscle cells/fibers are uniquely designed for ____. The fibers are composed of specialized proteins called ____ and ____.
Contraction; Actin and Myosin.
Skeletal muscle is controlled through conscious efforts, therefore it is ___
Since Smooth and Cardiac muscle contraction cannot be controlled by the mind, what are they?
Name the layers of the digestive tract from inside out.
Mucosa, Submucosa, Muscle, and Serosa
In cardiac muscle the cells are connected to each other by _____ ____.
Nervous tissue is designed to receive and transmit ____and ___signals.
Electrical and Chemical
Nervous tissue is composed primarily of two general cell types,
Neurons and Neuroglial cells
What does the central nervous system consist of?
Brain and Spinal Cord
Neurons are composed of 3 primary parts, name them.
Neuroglial cells serve to ____ the neurons.
The bodies initial response to injuries is _____.
What are the 5 cardinal signs of inflammation?
5. Loss of function
Inflammation begins with in 5-10mins. with ______, followed by a sustained period of _____.
Vasoconstriction and Vasodilation
____and____ molecules are released from the mast cells which stimulate vasodilation and increase permeability of the capillaries.
Histamine and Heparin
Fluid from the plasma, composed of ____, ___, and ____, pour into the affected area, causing swelling of the soft tissue structure.
It wounds that are infected, _____, and _____ are responsible for _____, and disposing of invasive microorganisms.
Neutrophils and macrophages.
A new bright pink tissue called ____ tissue, forms beneath the overlaying blood clot or scab.
In some cases granulation tissue becomes too thick and stands out above the epithelial layer, this is known as ____ ____.
Epithelial cells around the wound edges actively divide to lay down a new layer of epithelial tissue over the granulation tissue, what is this process called?
Describe first intention wound repair.
First- skin forms primary union w/o formation of granulation tissue or scar formation
Describe second intention wound repair
Second-Edges separated from one another, in which granulation tissue forms to close to gap, with a line of scar.
Describe 3rd intention wound repair
3rd- Larger, more extensive wounds are ususally involved, so its slower than second
What deals with the form and structure of the body?
What deals with the function and how things work?
What is included in thoracic cavity?
Heart, lungs, esophagus, blood vessels
What is included in Abdomen
Digestive, Urinary, reproductive organs
Epithelial tissues main job is to ____ body surfaces
Muscle tissue ___ the body inside and out.
What is another name fro microanatomy?
Mitotic division of the zygote will proceed to form a cluster of cells known as a ____ that proceeds to a _____. The cavity of this, the _____. As fluid accumulates, it gradually separates the cells into an outer layer of cells called the ____.
Morula; Blastula; Blastocele; Trophoblasts
The portion of the inner cell mass closest to the Trophoblast is the ____, and the portion adjacent to the Blastocele is the _____. The cavity formed dorsal to the ____ is the ______ cavity of the embryo.
Epiblast; Hypoblast; Epiblast is the Amniotic cavity