The breakdown of substances is called _____________.
The formation of new products is called _______________.
________________ describes the condition where the rate of reaction in the forward direction equals the rate in the reverse direction, and as a result, there is no net production of reactants or products.
Enzymes are substrate specific. For example, enzyme amylase catalyzes the reaction that breaks the alpha-glycosidic linkage in starch but CANNOT break the beta-glycosidic linkage in cellulose.
Enzymes are changed as a result of a reaction.
false DO NOT change. enzymes can perform its enzymatic function repeatedly.
_____________ are nonprotein molecules that assist enzymes.
A ______________ is the union of the cofactor and the zyme
____________ are organic cofactors that usually function to donate or accept component of a reaction, often electrons.
What is an example of a coenzyme?
What are the 3 components of ATP?
New ATP molecules are assembled by _______________.
It is usually the last phosphate bond that is broken.
ATP is converted to ADP + P
Energy is given off
In ______________ inhibition, a substance that mimics the substrate inhibits the enzyme by occupying the active site. The mimic displaces the substrate and prevents the enzyme from catalyzing the substrate.
In _____________ inhibition, a substance inhibits the action of an enzyme by binding to the enzyme at a location other than the active site. The inhibitor changes the shape of the enzyme which disables its enzymatic activity.
Many toxins and antibiotics are ______________ inhibitors.