Canine and Feline

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Canine and Feline
2013-10-03 21:19:49

flash cards for LSC tomball vet tech
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  1. of any infectious diseases is the natural habitat of its causative agent. Some organisms can multiply in soil or water and cannot shed the microorganism.
  2. this is reservoir like in that it can be clinically infected and can shed microorganisms that cause disease
  3. reservoirs and carriers are distinguished from the source of infection, which can be any vertebrate, invertebrate or inanimate object (fomite)
  4. implies spread of a disease following inanimate contact with a carrier, or a reservoir.
    contagious infection
  5. an infection refers to its ability of spread from infected to susceptible host
    Transmissibility or communicability
  6. two types of transmissiblity/communicability
    • Horizontal transmission
    • vertical transmission
  7. the most frequent and important means of spread. This involves direct physical contact or close approximation between the host and the susceptible individuals
    direct contact transmission
  8. the transmission involving the transfer of infectious organisms form the carrier to a susceptible host by animate or inanimate intermediates known as vehicles or fomites
    indirect transmission
  9. spread of infection dependent upon the ability t  resistant microorganisms to travel for relativity long distances or to survive in the environment for extended periods until the encounter a susceptible host
  10. diseases spread by arthropods most commonly that transmit infection form the infected host through its excretion /blood to a susceptible individual
    vector borne
  11. 4 vector borne types
    • mechanical vector
    • biological vector
    • transovial (inutero/transplacental)
    • transmammary
  12. a vector that transmits an infected agent without change in the agent (no molts)
    Mechanical vector
  13. a vector that transmits an infected agent with molting of that agent while in the vector
    Biological vector
  14. transmission resulting with the vector transfers the organism to its progeny (offspring) in the ovary or placenta
    Transovial (inutero/ transplacental)
  15. transfer of etiological agent in the milk (aka - glactogenic)
  16. transmission of infectious etiology from molting stages such as nymph to the current host.
    transstadial transmission (interstadial)
  17. a disease that is present at birth or develops due to the effects of some etiological factor/ before or during pregnancy, or in the uterus or placenta
  18. a diseases or disorder that can be passed on form either or both parents to their offspring.
  19. 5 environmental control methods for microbes
    • sterilization
    • cold sterilization
    • sanitation
    • disinfection
    • antiseptics
  20. the process by which microorganisms are completely destroy by chemical or physical means
  21. the practice of immersing items in a disinfectant solution (cidex / glutaraldeyde) to reduce the levels of contamination. Must be submerged for hours and kill spores
    cold sterilization
  22. this is the destruction of most pathogenic microorganisms, especially the active vegetative forms, but to sores. These chemicals are used on inanimate objects like tables or floors
  23. are disinfectants by definition and have the same properties as disinfectants but is used strictly for the skin of animals.
  24. in 1546 suggested that diseases results are not an "act of god" but from living organisms
  25. in 1676 devised the first microscope allowing for direct observation of bacteria
  26. in 1762 suggested specific diseases is caused by specific organisms
    von Plenciz
  27. in 1892 discovered viruses
  28. what are the 7 etiologies
    • protozoa
    • fungus
    • bacteria
    • rickettsiae
    • chlamydiae
    • mycoplasmas
    • viruses
  29. normal pulse rate for a dog
    60-120 bpm
  30. normal pulse rate for a cat
    110-130 bpm
  31. normal temperature for a dog
    100-102 degrees F
  32. normal temeperature for a cat
    100 - 102 degrees F
  33. normal respiration for a dog
    10-30 rpm
  34. normal respiration rate for a cat
    20-30 rpm
  35. normal leukopenia count for a dog and cat
    • dog 11,000
    • cat 13,000
  36. normal PCV for a dog and cat
    • dog 45
    • cat 37
  37. normal hemoglobin (gm/100 ml) for a dog and cat
    • dog - 14.5
    • cat - 12
  38. what is the gestation period for a dog and cat
    • dog 60 days
    • cat 60 days
  39. what is the estrus cycle for a dog and cat
    • dog 6 months
    • cat 15-21 days (induced ovulators)
  40. BUN count for a dog and cat
    • dog - 15
    • cat - 17
  41. what is the glucose level for a dog and cat
    • dog - 85
    • cat - 75
  42. coagulation time for a dog, cat and horse
    • dog - 1-5 minutes
    • cat - 1-5 minutes
    • horse - 3-15 minutes
  43. what does mch stand for
    mean corpuscular hemoglobin, this is the capacity to carry blood is increased or decreased