Card Set Information

2013-09-11 00:28:41

ethics 1
Show Answers:

  1. Cultural relativism
    Universal morals difficult to find because of cultural differences, n valid pbilosophy
  2. Problems with social relativism
    Doesn't allow growth by questioning culture, means you have to accept Hitler because that's his culture
  3. Difference in beliefs
    Beliefs are very similar though they may be looked at from different ways by different cultures
  4. Determine right from wrong?
    Would you want it done to you
  5. Meta ethics
    Definition of terms
  6. Ethics
    Study of moral rights and wrongs
  7. Normative ethics
    Clear accounts of right and wrong
  8. Epistemology
    Study of knowledge
  9. Determinism
    No free will, decisions made by external sources
  10. Preferances
    Not true or false (regan)
  11. Moral judgements imply
    A denial of the opposing opinion, both can't be true
  12. Our opinion or right or wrong
    Doesn't change the underlying truth of it being right or wrong
  13. Moral authorities
    God's or establishes who are infallible, always right
  14. Moral authority problems
    A gods ethics must be Tangible to judge, and must be judged by an external standard, negating moral authority because they can be wrong
  15. Applied ethics
    Studies Specific problems or delivers and applies Normative ethics
  16. Prescriptive
    What you should do
  17. Descriptive
    Presenting facts of case
  18. Intrinsic value
    Valuable in and of itself
  19. Extrinsic (instumental) value
    Value outside itself or useful for something
  20. Human dignity
    Intrinsic value of human life
  21. Non-metal choice
    Not good bad right wrong, like choosing pen color
  22. Moral choice
    Deciding to tell the truth instead of lying
  23. Immoral choice
    Choosing to lie instead of tell the truth
  24. Human info acceptance
    We accept a large portion of our knowledge without verifying or questioning
  25. Egoism
    We're only good because people can tie us to our actions, if no consequences we'd all screw each other over, and that would be moral
  26. Ethical egoism
    How man should act
  27. Psychological egoism
    All men selfish implicitly
  28. Helping others
    Selfish because you get recognition, or a feeling, or a favor
  29. Problems with egoism
    Obligations can't be accounted for because they involve doing something even when you want to do something else more
  30. Self interest
    Doing what's right for you
  31. Selfishness
    Doing what's good for you I'm spite or in harm of others
  32. Concern for welfare
    Protecting your welfare not selfish even if at others detriment
  33. Egoist problems
    One can be one but all can't, if you're an Egoist, it's not in your interest to make others egoists
  34. Egoism problem self harm
    We can make decisions against our self interest for pleasure (smoking)
  35. Morality free happiness
    Change says so crates wrong, you can be truly happy even while making immoral decisions
  36. Socrates moral happiness
    Can't be truly happy if immoral because weight of those choices will always pull you towards unhappiness
  37. Cahn moral happiness
    Disagrees with Socrates, if your immorality is accepted and justified to you you can be truly happy while immoral
  38. Eudaimonia
  39. Superficial happiness
    Not worrying and having fun is not true happiness
  40. Understanding hapiness
    People can think they are truly happy because they don't understand true happiness and thus can't verify
  41. Happiness through superficial
    Unsustainable, those things will always go away
  42. General happiness
    Overview of your life, not just your current mindset
  43. Immoral happiness
    Supposedly temporary due to suspension of moral honesty
  44. Apology
  45. Kakon
  46. Socrates harm
    Good people can't be harmed because all they need is moral integrity and no one can take that from them
  47. Popular opinion
    Has no Intrinsic meaningfulness or value, only worthy of consideration if informed and ethical
  48. Quality vs quanitity
    Living well and happy is better than compromising those things for living longer
  49. Socrates living well
    Living well is living morally
  50. Justice perspective
    Just or injust doesn't change when it's about you instead of someone else and does not justify immorality for self preservation