Polsci Govt.txt

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Polsci Govt.txt
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    • author "KM"
    • tags "Polsci Exam 1"
    • description ""
    • fileName "Polsci Govt"
    • freezingBlueDBID -1.0
    • Define Oligarchy
    • Small group of powerful people rule
    • Small powerful groups
  1. Define autocracy
    One guy rules
  2. Define democracy
    People have infulence
  3. Name the parts of a constitutional government (liberal government)
    • Substantive limits-what govt permitted to control
    • Procedural limits-how they go about it
  4. Define authoritarian
    No constitution but influenced by external powers like unions
  5. Define totalitarian
    Govern every aspect of life
  6. What is it called when citizens elect officials
    Representative democracy or republic
  7. Define direct democracy
    Allows citizens to vote directly on laws
  8. Define pluralism
    Battle of struggles among interests
  9. Define laissez-faire capitalism
    Leave alone capitalism-low regulation
  10. Define equality of opportunity
    • Each citizen gets fair chance
    • Political not economical
  11. Define popular sovereignty
    Placing powers in the hands of the people
  12. What is the articles of confederation
    First draft and working constitution
  13. What is a confederation
    Relationship between national govt and states
  14. What did James Madison say about govt
    If men were angels, no govt would be necessary
  15. Why does the 'who' of govt matter
    To guard society from itself
  16. Why have a govt
    • Establish justice
    • Enable provision of public goods
  17. Define government
    Formal institution of a society with authority to make decisions
  18. Describe what is meant by Formal, Binding, Authority
    • political party
    • People and groups in society with authority to make, carryout, enforce laws, managed disputes, and defend nation
    • Provide public defense
    • Promote general welfare
    • Nonexcludable and nonrival in consumptionn=public goods
  19. What does a political party do
    Govt gives money to one project or another
  20. Who was Thomas Hobbes
    • Authoritarian
    • English philosopher
    • Govt needed to restrain man
    • Men naturally man vs man
    • Very authoritarian version of social contract
    • Man abandons natural tendency for scial contract
    • Surrender natural liberties for safety and comfort
    • Inverse relationship
  21. What was meant by inverse relationship
    • More of one, less of the other
    • Referring to freedom vs security (graph with diagonal dotted line)
    • More security...less freedom
    • More freedom...less security
  22. Who was John Locke
    • Social contract theory - people are free and need to give consent to be governed
    • Govt major duty protect private property
    • Limited execution
  23. Name the different types of govt
    • Autocracy
    • Monarchy
    • Constitutional monarchy

    • Oligarchy
    • Constitutional govt
    • Authoritarian govt
    • Totalitarian govt

    Conflict in leadership

    Scarcity, policy, politics
  24. Define monarchy
    Hereditary rule-divine right
  25. Define constitutional monarchy
    Democracy and royalty
  26. Define equality
    Everyone equal
  27. Define values
    Accepted general standards
  28. John Adams
    • Politics=social happiness
    • Political culture
    • Broadly shared characteristics and deep seated values, beliefs, and attitudes about how govt functions
  29. What is DOMA
    • Defense of marriage act
    • Gays can't marry
  30. Why is objectively important
    • Objectively very important
    • Touches everything
    • Govt gets larger due to public demands
    • 'Big govt' due to modern social life
  31. What are the five sectors of political interest
    • New england merchants
    • Southern planters
    • Royalists-holders of royal land
    • Shopkeepers, artisans, laborers
    • Small farmers
  32. Why conflict of tax, trade, and commerce
    • NEMS
    • SP
    • Royals were elite and maintained alliances
  33. What year was the british tax policy and what affect did it have
    • 1760
    • Threatens NEMS, SPs
    • Splitting elite
    • Other parties gained influence
    • Culminated in american revolution
  34. Discuss what the british did and influence they had
    • British money issues, looks for new revenue
    • Decided its debt was from defending the colonies in french and indian war
    • Kicked france from NA
    • Paid to defend against indians and navy for shipping
  35. What tax did the british impose and what happened because of it
    • Imposed new modest taxes
    • Stamp and sugar tax
    • No tax without rep boycott
    • Taxes repealed
    • Boston massacre
  36. What year was the boston massacre and what happened
    • 1770
    • British army killed five civilians in riot in self-defense
    • Defended in court by John Adams
  37. How would John Adams by described
    • Huge racist
    • Defended british army in court
  38. Who was Sam Adams
    • Political activist for new radical group
    • He said-advocated end to 'unjust' british rule
  39. What happened in 1773
    • British granted East ind company tea export monopoly
    • East ind cut out colonial merchants for profit
  40. delceration of I dependance date
    117
  41. 1777
    Articles of confederation (functioning in use draft) of constution instituted
  42. Great comprimise
    1786 virginia plan (population based legislation) and new jersey plan (equal number of reps from states) became house (population) and senate (equal by state)
  43. Three fifths compromise
    Slaves count as three fifths of a person for federal representation purposes
  44. Checks and balances
    Branches participate and influence other branches
  45. Electoral college
    Presidential electors that vote based on state consensus
  46. Bill of rights
    1791 first ten ammendments of the constitution - separation of power, federalism (power divided into state and fed)
  47. Expressed powers
    Specific congressional powers from constitution
  48. Elastic clause (neccesary and proper)
    Congressional power to make all laws neccesary and proper to carry them out
  49. Bicameral
    Two chambers or houses
  50. Judicial review
    Court can negate unconstitutional rulings
  51. Supremacy clause
    Article vi federal laws supercede that of the state
  52. Federalists
    Support strong national government, wanted 1787 constitution
  53. Anti-federalists
    Want strong state government, opposed 1787 constitution
  54. Federalist papers
    Essays by hamilton, madison, and jay supporting radification of the constitution
  55. Tyranny
    Opressive government, cruel and unjust use of power and authority
  56. Limited government
    Power defined and limited by constitution
  57. Amendment
    Change to bill or law
  58. Unitary system
    Lower level government has little power
  59. Federal system
    National government shares power with states
  60. Expressed powers
    Specific constitutional powers article I section 8 and article ii
  61. impied powers
    Powers from neccesary and proper
  62. Reserved powers
    Tenth amendment powers not specified to national government but not denied to state
  63. Police power
    State regulation of health, safety, and morals
  64. Concurrent powers
    Possessed by state and nation
  65. Full faith and credit clause
    States must honor other states court decisions
  66. Priviledges and immunity clause
    Citizens of different states equal and not discriminated against
  67. Home rule
    State gives power to local government to ruke citizens
  68. Dual federalism
    1789-1937 power shared by state and fed gov
  69. Commerce clause
    Article 1 section 8 states co gress will regulate foreign and interstate commerce
  70. States rights
    States SHOULD oppose the increasing authority of national government
  71. Grants-in-aid
    Congress gives money to states for certain thjngs
  72. Categorical grants
    Congress gives money to states for specific problems or groups
  73. Project grants
    State asks for federal money on a competitive basis
  74. Formula grants
    Formula determines federal amount of money given to state
  75. Cooperative federalism
    Grants made strategically to fund states persuit of national devense
  76. Regulated federalism
    Congress legislates demands to states for them to meet national standards
  77. Preemption
    National law can overrule state law on foreign policy and strike first to prevent enemy attacks actions
  78. Unfunded mandates
    Regulations for federal grants that states dont get reimbursed for when spending to acheive
  79. Devolution
    Delegation of government programs down chain
  80. Block grants
    Federal grants that give states room to distribute funds as needed
  81. New federalism
    Nixon ad reagan attempt to return state power through block grants
  82. General revenue sharing
    Government department yields tax revenue to other departments
  83. Redistributive programs
    Policy to contro taxing and spending to benefit the poor
  84. Right to privacy
    We get left alone plus birth control and abortions
  85. Habeas corpus
    Must show in court a cause for detention
  86. Bill of attainder
    Law where person is guilty without a trial
  87. Expost factor law
    Declare something illegal after it has happened
  88. Bill of rights
    First ten amendments
  89. Civil liberties
    Personal freedoms government cant interfere with
  90. Selective incorporation
    Protections added to 14th amendment to protect from state and national
  91. Establishment clause
    1st amendment clause congress can make no law respecting an establishment of religion (separation of church and state)
  92. Lemon test
    Legislation effecting religion in general (secular) is ok
  93. Free exercise clause
    Beleave and practice whatever religion you want
  94. Clear and present danger test
    Whether speech is protected or unprotected by the first amendment based on its clear and present danger
  95. Speech plus
    Can sit in, pickett, and demonstrate legally within restrictions imposed by localities that are properly balanced for public order
  96. Prior restraint
    Government censorship of harmful information, extreme cases only
  97. Libel
    Written lies (knowingly) that damage via malicious, scandalous, or defamatory assertions
  98. Slander
    Oral lies that damage
  99. Fighting words
    Incites physically damaging conduct
  100. Due process of law
    Right against arbitrary action
  101. Exclusionary rule
    Exclude court evidence obtained in violation of 4th amendment
  102. Grand jury
    Judges wether their is sufficient evidence for trial
  103. Double jeopardy
    5th amendment cant be tried for same crime twice
  104. Miranda rule
    Supreme courtruking that rights must be read before interrogation
  105. Eminent domain
    Government can take private property for government use

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