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  1. Florence Nightingale Contributions to Nursing
    - Identify personal need of pt- role of nurse

    - Esta. standards for hospital management

    - Esta. nurse education and respected occupation for women

    - Recognize to components- Health and Illness
  2. Florence Nightingale
    - nurse is separate and distinct from medicine

    - Nutrition important to health

    - Instituted occupational n recreational therapy for sick people

    - continuing education for nurses

    - maintain accurate records/ beginning of nursing research
  3. Holistic Care
    Patient is Central focus

    Total person- physical, emotional, social, spiritual, financial, poverty
  4. Medical vs. Nursing focus
    • Medical Focus
    • - diagnose & treat disease
    • - cure disease
    • - focus on disease
    • - teach pt about treatment

    • Nursing focus
    • - Diagnose, treatment, human response
    • - Care for the pt
    • -holistic approach
    • - teach self care to create independence
    • - promote wellness activites
  5. Health Promotion: healthy people 2020
    - Eliminate preventable disease, injury, and premature death

    - Achieve health equity and eliminate health disparities

    - creates social and physical enviroments that promote good health for all

    - promote healthy developments at every stage.
  6. International Council of Nurse 1899 (ICN)
    first international organization for professional women
  7. Clinical Nursing Standards (ANA)
    developed by the ANA developed by the ana define the activities of nurses that are specific and unique to nursing
  8. Professional organizations ANA 1800
    American Nurses Asso (ANA)- RN in US,

    continuing education for nursing development 

    esta. standards of practice, Encourages research to advance nurse practice.Reps nurses for legislative action
  9. Professional organization NLN
    National League Nursing- research data about nursing education, Conduct annual surveys about schools, Fosters the development and improvements for nurse practice. 

    Nurse educators
  10. Professional organization AACN
    American Association of College for Nursing (AACN)- BSN or higher- 

    accredditation for collegiate nursing programs
  11. Professional organization NSNA
    National Student Nurse Association
  12. Nursing includes:
    - apply theoretical & clinical knowledge to deliver pt care

    - focus on human responses to actual & potential health problems- focus on wellness and caring for pt

    - goal- maximize human potential in all human dimensions
  13. Aims of Nursing
    - To promote (encourage) health

    - To prevent (keep from occurring) illness

    - To restore health

    - when needs can not be met nurse helps To facilitate coping with disability of death
  14. Facilitating Coping with Disability and Death
    - help with coping with altering function, life crisis and death

    • - help with showing them how to function to their fullest potential- using their strengths
    •       referral to community resources

    • - Nurses provide care to the pt & families
    •        active in hospice care
    •        help with coping with end of life thru teaching referrals, direct care
  15. Meeting the Aims Nursing
    Nurses use: knowledge, Skills, critical thinking

    Nurses use:

    • - cognitive (intellectual) skills decision making
    • - Psychomotor (hands on) & technical
    • - Interpersonal (communication)
    • - Ethical/legal
  16. To prevent illness
    Health promotion. reduce risk, educational programs, health screenings
  17. Cognitive skills
    involves thinking about the nature of things sufficiently to make decisions regarding care.
  18. Technical skills
    enable nurses to manipulate equipment to produce a desired outcome
  19. Ethical/legal skills
    enable nurses to conduct themselves morally and professionally
  20. Nursing roles in all settings
    • - caregiver- primary role
    • - communicatory, teacher/educator
    • -couselor (facilitate problem solving- refer_
    • - leader (effect change)
    • -researcher (increase knowledge base)
    • - advocate (protector human & legal rights)
  21. Nurse Practice Acts
    • - defines legal scope of nursing practice 
    • - excludes untrained or unlicensed people from practicing nursing
    • - Create a state board of nursing
    • - Make and enforce rules and regulations
    • - License is mandatory legal document
  22. Culture: Patient in Pain
    • - each person holds various beliefs about pain
    • - respect pt right to respond to pain in own fashion
    • - DO NOT stereotype pt pain based on culute
    • - Nursing care for the patient in always individuals
  23. Socioeconomic factors-culture of poverty
    • - feelings of despair
    • - day to dat attitude towards life
    • - unemployment and need for financial aid and govt assistance
    • - unstable family structure
    • - declines in self-respect and retreat fro community involvement
  24. Culturally Competent Nursing Care
    • - Care sensitive to needs of individuals, fams from diverse cultures
    • - culture factors are significant in health and illness
    • - work within client cultural belief
    • - cultural competence is an interpersonal skill (knowledge and attitudes)
  25. Nursing process
    integrates both the art and science of nursing
  26. License
    The legal right to practice nursing
  27. Theory of animism
    role of physician and nurses were distinct and separate
  28. focus of nursing is based on:
    The patient
  29. 16th 18th 19th centuries - pre-civil. era to civilization world war 11

    part 1
    1. Good and evil spirits bringing health and illness; medicine men were physicians

    2. temples center of medical care. belief that sickness was because of sin and priest were physicians

    3. focus on religion- was replaced with focus on warfare, exploration, and expansion of knowledge

    4. hospital schools were organized. female nurses were under the male-male dominant

    5. an explosion of knowledge and technology

    6. varied healthcare settings developed
Card Set:
2013-09-12 01:08:23
first lecture

my study guide
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