Carbon EXAM 1

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Anonymous
ID:
234305
Filename:
Carbon EXAM 1
Updated:
2013-09-11 20:23:43
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Biology
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Biology
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  1. why is carbon vital for life
    • has 4 valence electron 
    • common building partners are H O N C
    • carbon chains form
  2. 4 organic macros
    • carbs
    • lipids
    • proteins
    • nucleic acid
  3. hydrocarbon
    • carbon and hydrogen (duh)
    • fats usually have them
    • release a lot of energy
  4. isomer
    are compounds with the same molecular formula but different structures and properties
  5. Structural isomers
    have different covalent arrangements of their atoms
  6. Geometric isomers
    have the same covalent arrangements but differ in spatial arrangements
  7. Enantiomers
    isomers that are mirrored!
  8. cis isomer
    • geometric
    • x on same side
  9. trans isomer
    • geometric
    • x on opposite sides
  10. sterioisomer
    geometric and enatiomer
  11. enantiomer example in pharmacy
    • ibuprofen vs albuterol
    • s vs r is the mirrors, one works one doesn't
  12. functional group
    • molecular level
    • are the components of organic molecules that are most commonly involved in chemical reactions
    • The number and arrangement of functional groups give each molecule its unique properties
  13. common functional groups
    • –Hydroxyl group
    • –Carbonyl group
    • –Carboxyl group
    • –Amino group
    • –Sulfhydryl group
    • –Phosphate group
    • –Methyl group
  14. hydroxyl
    • OH
    • alcohol
    • polar
    • end in ol
  15. carboxyl (acid)
    • covalent bond
    • double bond w/ CO and attached OH
  16. Amino Base
    • NH2
    • Amines
    • act like base
  17. sulfhydryl
    • SH
    • Thiols
    • cross linking stabilize protein
  18. Phosphate
    • OP
    • organic phosphate
    • release energy
  19. Methyl
    • CH3
    • methylated compounds
    • expression in gene of DNA
  20. carbonyl
    carbon oxygen double bond

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