Chapter 3 Key Terms1.txt

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Chapter 3 Key Terms1.txt
2013-09-11 20:06:15
Phleotomy handbook

brookline work
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  1. American Hospital Association (AHA)
    nonprofit group or alliance of member hospitals and health care organizations that promote the interests of hospitals.
  2. Assault.
    -a legal term referring to the unjustifiable attempt to touch another person or the threat to do so in circumstances that cause the other person to believe that it will be carried out, or to cause fear
  3. Battery
    a complex legal t4erm referring to the intentional touching of another person without consent, and/or beating or carrying out threatened physical harm.
  4. Bioethics
    Moral issues, dilemmas, or problems that are the result of modern medical practices, health care services, clinical research, and/or technology (often bioethical issues involve “life-and-death” situations).
  5. Breach of Duty
    a legal term referring to an infraction, violation, or failure to perform.
  6. Civil law
    different from criminal law; in civil law, the plaintiff sues for monetary damages
  7. Clinical laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)
    federal guidelines that regulate all clinical laboratories across the United States.
  8. Criminal Actions
    legal recourse for act against the public welfare; these actions can lead to imprisonment of the offender.
  9. Defendant
    individual (e.g., a health care worker), against whom a legal action (civil or criminal) or lawsuit is filed.
  10. Deposition
    a legal term referring to the testimony of a witness that is recorded in a written legal format.
  11. Discovery
    legal term referring to the right to examine the witness (es) before a trail; it consists of oral testimony under oath and includes cross-examination by lawyers.
  12. Ethics
    - a legal term referring to materials (e.g., tubes, needles, safety devices, waste containers, log books, lab reports, etc.) submitted during a legal case to prove or disprove a lawsuit.
  13. Evidence
    a legal term referring to materials (e.g., tubes, needles, safety devices, waste containers, log books, lab reports, etc.) submitted during a legal case to prove or disprove a lawsuit.
  14. Expert witness
    a legal term referring to a witness who is specially qualified or has expertise in certain areas pertaining to the case.
  15. Felony
    a legal term referring to a public offense that may require a jail sentence.
  16. Full Disclosure
     explains the full nature of the research and any risks (e.g., blood collection problems) and benefits to the participant.
  17. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA)
    federal law expanded to protect security, privacy, and confidentiality of personal health information.
  18. Implied consent
    a complex term that varies from state to state in its interpretation. Basically it entails conditions when immediate action is required to save a patient’s life or prevent impairment of a patient’s health (i.e., medical emergency care operates with the notion of implied consent in many cases).
  19. Informed consent
    - a complex legal term, basically, it refers to voluntary permission by a patient to allow touching, examination, and/or treatment by health care workers after they have been given information about the procedures and potential risks and consequences.
  20. Liable-
    a legal term that refers to a legal obligation when damages are concerned.
  21. Litigation process
    a legal action to determine a decision in court.
  22. Malpractice
    a legal term to improper or unskillful care of a patient by a member of a patient by a member of the health care team, or any professional misconduct, unreasonable, lack of skill, or infidelity in professional or judiciary duties; often described as “professional negligence
  23. Medical records
    definitive documents (papers or electronic) that contain a chronological log of a patient s care.
  24. Misdemeanor
    a legal term referring to many types of criminal offenses that are not serious enough to be classified as felonies.
  25. Negligence
    a legal term referring to the failure to act or duties according to the standards of the profession.
  26. Patient Care Partnership
    the AHA’s 2003 revision of the patient’s Bill Of Rights.
  27. Patient confidentiality
    the protected right and duty of health care workers not to disclose any information acquired about a patient to those who are not directly involved with the care of the patient.
  28. Patient’s Bill Of Rights
    a statement originally developed in 1973 by the AHA to affirm the rights of patients.
  29. Plaintiff
    a legal term referring to the person who initiates a lawsuit or legal actions
  30. Protect Health Information (PHI)
    - a patient’s personal health information.
  31. Respondeat superior
    - a legal term referring to the concepts by which the actions of the individual are attributed to the supervisors or employers in control.
  32. Standard of care
    - the practices or guidelines that a reasonably prudent person would follow in any particular circumstance.
  33. Statute of limitations
    - a legal term referring to the time after an injury that a plaintiff must file a lawsuit or be forever barred from doing so.
  34. Tort
    -a legal wrong in which the person who commits it is liable for damages in civil, not criminal, court.