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a good teacher=
1 year of progress
a bad teacher=
.5 year of progress
a great teacher=
1.5 years of progress
_____ drives _______
assessment drives instruction
good reading skills means you read more and you get better at reading
the Matthew Effect
Every Child Every Day (6)
- reads something they choose
- reads accurately
- reading something they understand
- writes about something personally meaningful
- talks with peers about reading and writing
- listens to a fluent adult read aloud
What are the 4 points on the road to reading
- early literacy
What are characteristics of early literacy?
- print awareness
- letter knowledge
- phonemic awareness
what are the characteristics of decoding?
- irregular word reading
- multisyllabic word reading
what are the characteristics of fluency?
what does the NAEP stand for?
National Assessment of Educational Progress
How does the NAEP rate students?
- below basic
if a student is not on grade level with reading by 4th grade what are they 4 times more likely to do?
drop out of school
What is the average percentages of student's reading abilities in 4th grade according to the NAEP?
- below basic- 34%
- basic- 34%
- proficient- 25%
- advanced- 7%
What does a brain scan show when a struggling student receives targeted reading instruction?
it actually changes
what are 3 characteristics of good scientific research?
- peer reviewed
- other scientists have replicated the study
- there is a consensus among scientists
What does the fourth grade slump refer to?
the shift from learning to read to reading to learn
What is another term for the struggling shift from learning to read to reading to learn?
the fourth grade shift
What are the 4 different types of assessment?
- progress monitoring
an assessment that determines where students are?
an assessment that determines if students are making adequate progress
an assessment that pinpoints the specific area of difficulty
an assessment that provides an evaluation of the effectiveness of a program
What are the 4 different levels that a student could be classified as?
meet grade-level expectations and occasionally need differentiated instruction
below grade-level expectations but will make progress with targeted instruction
significantly below expectations and will require intensive intervention
how many sounds can be made out of the 26 letters in the English language?
the smallest unit of spoken language that makes a difference in the words meaning
instruction that supports the needs of all learners
how many consonant phonemes are there?
how many consonant phonemes are represented by 1 letter?
how many consonant phonemes are represented by 2 letters?
which 3 letters don't have their own phoneme?
What has to happen in order to make a consonant sound?
vocal airflow must be partially or completely obstructed
how many vowel phonemes are there?
about many r controlled vowel combos are there?
written representations of sounds or phonemes
teaching the relationship between sounds (phonemes) and spelling (graphemes)
a word or part of a word with only one vowel sound
what are the two parts of a syllable?
part of syllable that comes before the vowel
vowel and everything after it
another word for rime
hundreds of words can be made out of how many rimes?