Organ system functions and structures

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  1. Structures of the integumentary system
    skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, mammary glands, sebaceous (oil) glands
  2. Functions of the integumentary system
    • Regulate temperature
    • protect the body
    • eliminate some wastes
    • make vitamin D
    • detect sensations
  3. Structures of the skeletal system
    all bones and joints and their associated cartilage
  4. functions of the skeletal system
    • support
    • provides muscle attachment
    • assist with movement
    • hemopoeisis (blood cell production)
    • trygliceride (fat) storage
  5. structures of the muscular system
    • skeletal muscle tissue
    • smooth muscle tissue
    • cardiac muscle tissue
  6. functions of the muscular system
    • movement
    • maintaining posture
    • producing heat
  7. structures of the nervous system
    brain, spinal chord, nerves, sense organs such as the eyes and ears
  8. functions of the nervous system
    • detecting and interpreting changes in the environment
    • reacting to the changes by stimulating muscle movement or glandular secretion
  9. structures of the endocrine system
    • all glands and tissue that produce hormones. Includes:
    • thymus
    • ovary
    • testis
    • adrenal gland
    • pancreas
    • thyroid gland
    • pituitary gland
    • pineal gland
  10. functions of the endocrine system
    control systems that regulate the body through hormones
  11. structures of the cardiovascular system
    blood, heart, blood vessels (veins and arteries)
  12. functions of the cardiovascular system
    • Carrying oxygen and nutrients to cells and carrying carbon dioxide and wastes away from cells.
    • regulates acidity, temperature and water content of body fluids
    • helps defend against disease and repair injuries
  13. structures of the lymphatic system
    • lymphatic fluid and vessels
    • spleen
    • thymus
    • lymph nodes and tonsils
  14. functions of the lymphatic system
    • cleans interstitial fluid and returns it to the bloodstream
    • contains sites for maturation of white blood cells
  15. structures of the respiratory system
    lungs, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes
  16. functions of the respiratory system
    • transfers oxygen to blood and carbon dioxide out of blood
    • moves air through larynx (vocal chords) to produce sound
  17. Structures of the digestive system
    • mouth
    • pharynx
    • esophagus
    • stomach
    • small and large intestines
    • rectum
    • anus
    • also salivary glands, liver, gallbladder and pancreas
  18. functions of the digestive system
    physical and chemical breakdown of food, absorbs nutrients and eliminates wastes
  19. structures of the urinary system
    kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra
  20. functions of the urinary system
    • eliminates waste and regulates volume and chemical composition of blood. 
    • regulates acidity, mineral balance and red blood cell production
  21. structures of the reproductive system
    • Men:
    • testis, penis, vas deferens, seminal vesicle, prostate

    • Women:
    • Uterine tube, ovary, uterus, vagina, mammary glands
  22. functions of the reproductive system
    MAKE BABIES!!!!!!!!
Card Set:
Organ system functions and structures
2013-09-12 00:30:08
organ system functions structures OVCMT

Kuntzman and Tortora, Anatomy and Physiology for the manual therapies pahe 4-7
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