Macro-molecule part 1 EXAM 1

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
234334
Filename:
Macro-molecule part 1 EXAM 1
Updated:
2013-09-11 21:44:16
Tags:
BIOLOGY
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BIOLOGY
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  1. Monomers are linked via
    dehydration synthesis aka condensation (water is a by product)
  2. breaking down is done via
    hydrolysis (water is added)
  3. Major organic molecules
    • carbohydrates
    • lipids
    • proteins
    • nucleic acid
  4. carbohydrates
    • CHO
    • monosaccharide, polysaccharide 
    • ENERGY or structural role
    • linked to hydrogen atom and hydroxyl group
  5. Monosaccharide
    simple sugar 5-6 carbon
  6. pentose
    • 5 carbon
    • ribose and deoxyribose
  7. hexose
    6 carbon
  8. glucose
    Beta D glucose
  9. galactose
    Beta L glucose
  10. glucose and galactose are____ isomer
    stereo/geometric isomer
  11. Disaccharide
    • 2 monosaccharides
    • sucrose, maltose
  12. bond between monosaccharides
    glycosidic bond
  13. polysaccharide
    • many monosaccharides linked
    • Energy - starch/glycogen
    • structural– cellulose, chitin
  14. indigestible carbs
    • Chitin
    • Cellulose
  15. triglyceride, triglycerol
    glycerol attached to 3 fatty acids
  16. chitin
    • polysaccharide
    • not digestible
    • strong thread
  17. bond in triglyceride
    ester bond
  18. acid in saturated fat
    stearic
  19. acid in unsaturated fat
    linoleic
  20. unsaturated
    • double bonds, 1 hydrogen (kinky)
    • liquid at room temperature oil
    • cis naturally
    • hydrolyzed cause trans
  21. satured
    • every carbon to 2 hydrogen
    • usually solid
  22. 1 gram of fat stores
    1 gram of glycogen or starch

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