ClineMedV: Diseases of the digestive system (colon)

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ClineMedV: Diseases of the digestive system (colon)
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2013-09-12 07:36:48
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  1. List 4 causes of megacolon:IANT
    • idiopathic
    • autoimmune
    • neuromuscular
    • truama
  2. List 7 symptoms of megacolon: SVWDASL
    • straining
    • v+
    • weakness
    • dehydration
    • anorexia
    • small hard feces or
    • liquid feces
  3. List 3 things used to dx megacolon:PRB
    • palpation
    • radiograph
    • blood work
  4. Cisapride can be used to treat to tx megacolon, what kind of drug is it? What does it do?
    • prokinetic agent
    • increases motility
  5. High fiber diets can also treat megacolon. What are some things that can be given?
    • canned pumpkin
    • metamucil
  6. Name a stool softener that can be used to treat megacolon?
    lactulose
  7. Enemas are also used to treat megacolon. What species should these be done with caution?
    cats
  8. What surgery can be done for megacolon?
    colectomy
  9. What condition is the delayed transit time and decreased frequency of defecation?
    constipation
  10. True constipation is rare what are some cases where this can happen?FTAUD
    • fecal balls
    • tumor
    • anal sac dz
    • urinary obstruction
    • dehydration
  11. c.s. of constipation:SASV
    • straining
    • anorexia
    • small dry stool
    • +/-v
  12. Name 5 tx of constipation:SLEFM
    • stool softener
    • laxative
    • enema
    • fluids prn
    • manual extraction under anesthesia
  13. What condition is intractable constipation that causes a block with liquid leaking out the sides? +-v because of the block.
    obstipation
  14. 3 symptoms of colon tumors:SAB
    • straining
    • abd pain
    • +-blood
  15. What condition is not a specific dx, is common, and simply means inflammation of the colon?
    colitis
  16. List 5 causes of colitis:IIDSA
    • infectious agents
    • IBD
    • diet indiscretions
    • stress
    • antibiotics
  17. List 6 c.s. of colitis:IASLTH
    • increased frequency
    • accidents in house
    • semiformed or
    • liquid feces
    • tenesmus
    • hematochezia
  18. What is hematochezia?
    • passage of fresh blood in stool
    • feces will be bright red or maroon
  19. 5 dx of colitis:FBICB
    • fecal exam
    • blood work
    • imaging(for chronic cases)
    • colonoscopy
    • biopsy
  20. 6 tx for colitis: SDDPAA
    • symptomatic
    • diet
    • deworming
    • probiotics
    • antibiotics
    • absorbents
  21. Name 3 antiobiotics used to tx colitis and target anaerobic bacteria?MSS
    • metronidazole
    • sulfadimethoxine (albon)
    • sulfasalazine
  22. Name 2 anthelmintics(dewormers) used to tx colitis: DP
    • drontal plus
    • panacur

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