Pharm ch 4
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any systematic error in a measurement process. one common effort to avoid __ in research studies involves use of blinded study designs.
a research design in which the subjects are purposely unaware of whether the substance they are administered is the drug under study or a placebo. this method serves to minimize bias on the part of research subjects in reporting their body's responses to investigational drugs.
blinded investigational drug study
a research design in which both the investigator and the subjects are purposely unaware of whether the substance administered to a given subject is the drug under study or a placebo. this method minimizes bias on the part of both the investigator and the subject
double-blind investigational drug study
an inactive (inert)substance such as saline distilled water, starch, sugar, that is not a drug but is formulated to resemble a drug for research purposes.
the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a racial, religious, or social group
the rules of conduct recognized in respect to a particular class of human actions or a particular group
relating to or characteristics of a human group having racial, religious, language, and other traits in common
the study of the effect of ethnicity on drug responses, specifically drug absorption, metabolism, distribution, and excretion - in other words, pharmacokinetics - as well as the study of genetic variations to drugs - pharmacogenetics -
descendants of a common ancestor; a tribe, family, or people believed to belong to the same lineage
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