# Chapter 7

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The flashcards below were created by user Fresh1010 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

1. Cognitive Map
-The mental represention of the enivironment that surrounds people

-Relationship among objects

-Neighborhoods,cities, and countries

- Represent spatial aspects of external environment
2. Spatial Cognition
How one remembers the world of navigation and how one keeps track of objects in a spatial array
3. Cognitive Maps&Distance-Thorndyke
-Distance appears longer when route is clutter

-Ex. Miles and more miles if intervening cities

4. Semantic Categories
-When two places belong to the same catagory, one believes it is geographically close

-Hirtle-towns and college campus
-General tendency to provide shorter estimates when traveling to a landmark, rather than a nonlandmark

• -Landmark to nonlandmark-1.7 inches
• -Nonlandmark to landmark-1.4 inches
6. Angles/ Moar&Bower
-Heuristic-solves a problem/90degree-angle heuristic- the angles represent angles in a mental mp being closer to the 90 degree than they really are

-Because when two streets meet in a urban area it forms a 90 degree angle

-Symmetry Heuristic- small inconsistencies of geographical reality are smoothed over, creating cognitive maps that are idealized and standerdized
7. Rotation Heuristic
-Tilited geographical structure that is slightly tilted will be known as more vertical or more horizontal than they really is

-Rotating a single coastline, country, building, or other figure clockwise or counterclockwise so that the border is nearly vertical or horizontal in direction

-Ex.Cites in California
8. Alignment Heuristic
-Geographical structures that are being more lined up than they really are.

-Lining up several separate countries, buildings or other figures in a straight row

-When top-down processing is to active, one misses important details of bottom-up processing

9. Franklin&Tversky
-Ask particpants to depict a scene than recall information

-Answered quickest with what was above and below them

-3rd-right or left

-Constructed images as they went along and created an observer of the scene
10. Spatial Framework Model
-Below&Above spatial dimension is very important- Becuse of gravity and asymmetric affect&upright human body is physically asymmetric

-Front&Back spatial dimension is moderately important- look at front than back/ human fron half is not asymmetric with back

-Right&Left spatial dimension is least important- Decisions take longer and not linked to gravity/ but since roughly symmetrical, it is hard to tell sometimes

• -North&South-easier to tell because of above&below
• -East&West- harder to tell because of right&left

### Card Set Information

 Author: Fresh1010 ID: 23445 Filename: Chapter 7 Updated: 2010-06-14 04:05:28 Tags: Cognitive Psycology Folders: Description: Psycology 3350 Show Answers:

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