Chapter 7

 The flashcards below were created by user Fresh1010 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. Cognitive Map -The mental represention of the enivironment that surrounds people -Relationship among objects -Neighborhoods,cities, and countries - Represent spatial aspects of external environment Spatial Cognition How one remembers the world of navigation and how one keeps track of objects in a spatial array Cognitive Maps&Distance-Thorndyke -Distance appears longer when route is clutter -Ex. Miles and more miles if intervening cities Semantic Categories -When two places belong to the same catagory, one believes it is geographically close -Hirtle-towns and college campus Landmark Effect/McNamara and Diwadkar -General tendency to provide shorter estimates when traveling to a landmark, rather than a nonlandmark -Landmark to nonlandmark-1.7 inches-Nonlandmark to landmark-1.4 inches Angles/ Moar&Bower -Heuristic-solves a problem/90degree-angle heuristic- the angles represent angles in a mental mp being closer to the 90 degree than they really are -Because when two streets meet in a urban area it forms a 90 degree angle -Symmetry Heuristic- small inconsistencies of geographical reality are smoothed over, creating cognitive maps that are idealized and standerdized Rotation Heuristic -Tilited geographical structure that is slightly tilted will be known as more vertical or more horizontal than they really is -Rotating a single coastline, country, building, or other figure clockwise or counterclockwise so that the border is nearly vertical or horizontal in direction -Ex.Cites in California Alignment Heuristic -Geographical structures that are being more lined up than they really are. -Lining up several separate countries, buildings or other figures in a straight row -When top-down processing is to active, one misses important details of bottom-up processing -Ex.Philadelphia&Rome Franklin&Tversky -Ask particpants to depict a scene than recall information -Answered quickest with what was above and below them -2nd- ahead or behind -3rd-right or left -Constructed images as they went along and created an observer of the scene Spatial Framework Model -Below&Above spatial dimension is very important- Becuse of gravity and asymmetric affect&upright human body is physically asymmetric -Front&Back spatial dimension is moderately important- look at front than back/ human fron half is not asymmetric with back -Right&Left spatial dimension is least important- Decisions take longer and not linked to gravity/ but since roughly symmetrical, it is hard to tell sometimes -North&South-easier to tell because of above&below-East&West- harder to tell because of right&left AuthorFresh1010 ID23445 Card SetChapter 7 DescriptionPsycology 3350 Updated2010-06-14T04:05:28Z Show Answers