ClinMedV:Diseases of the Digestive System (Colon)
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4 causes of megacolon:IANT
7 c.s. megacolon:SVWDASL
- small hard feces or
- liquid feces
3 dx megacolon:PRB
- blood work
Cisapride can be used to treat megacolon. What kind of drug is it and what does it do?
- increases motility
High fiber diets are used to treat megacolon. What is fed?
Stool softeners such as _ can be used to treat megacolon.
Enemas are given to treat megacolon what species should these be used with caution in?
What surgery is used to treat megacolon?
What condition involves delayed transit time and decreases frequency of defecation?
True constipation is rare. When does this occur?FTAUD
- foreign body
- anal sac dz
- urinary obstruction
c.s. of constipation:SASV
- small dry stool
tx for constipation:SLEFM
- stool softener
- fluids prn
- manual extraction under anesthesia
What condition involves constipation involving a block? May v+ and liquid may come out sides of block.
c.s. of colon tumors:SAB
- abd pain
- +/- blood
What condition is not a specific dx, is common, and means inflammation of the colon?
Causes of colitis:IIDSA
- infectious agents
c.s. colitis: IASTH
- inc freq
- accidents in house
- semiformed to lq feces
- decal exam
- blood work
- imaging(chronic cases)
- bland diet
What 2 broad spectrum abx are given to tx colitis?DP
What 3 abx are used to tx colitis and target anaerobic bacteria?MSS
What 5 absorbents are given to tx colitis?APKPI
Probiotics restore good bacteria in the tx of colitis. Name 2
- purina fortiflora
What bland diet is given for colitis?
boiled meat and rice
What 3 organisms could cause colitis?CPI
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