ClinMedV:Diseases of the Digestive System (Colon)

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heather.dundas
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234469
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ClinMedV:Diseases of the Digestive System (Colon)
Updated:
2013-09-12 11:40:05
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VTI
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VTI
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  1. 4 causes of megacolon:IANT
    • idiopathic
    • autoimmune
    • neuromuscular
    • truama
  2. 7 c.s. megacolon:SVWDASL
    • straining
    • v+
    • weakness
    • dehydration
    • anorexia
    • small hard feces or
    • liquid feces
  3. 3 dx megacolon:PRB
    • palpation
    • radiographs
    • blood work
  4. Cisapride can be used to treat megacolon. What kind of drug is it and what does it do?
    • prokinetic
    • increases motility
  5. High fiber diets are used to treat megacolon. What is fed?
    • canned pumpkin
    • metamucil
  6. Stool softeners such as _ can be used to treat megacolon.
    lactulose
  7. Enemas are given to treat megacolon what species should these be used with caution in?
    cats
  8. What surgery is used to treat megacolon?
    colectomy
  9. What condition involves delayed transit time and decreases frequency of defecation?
    constipation
  10. True constipation is rare. When does this occur?FTAUD
    • foreign body
    • tumor
    • anal sac dz
    • urinary obstruction
    • dehydration
  11. c.s. of constipation:SASV
    • straining
    • anorexia
    • small dry stool
    • +/-v
  12. tx for constipation:SLEFM
    • stool softener
    • laxatives
    • enema
    • fluids prn
    • manual extraction under anesthesia
  13. What condition involves constipation involving a block? May v+ and liquid may come out sides of block.
    obstipation
  14. c.s. of colon tumors:SAB
    • straining
    • abd pain
    • +/- blood
  15. What condition is not a specific dx, is common, and means inflammation of the colon?
    colitis
  16. Causes of colitis:IIDSA
    • infectious agents
    • IBD
    • diet
    • stress
    • abx
  17. c.s. colitis: IASTH
    • inc freq
    • accidents in house
    • semiformed to lq feces
    • hematochezia
  18. dx colitis:FBICB
    • decal exam
    • blood work
    • imaging(chronic cases)
    • colonoscopy
    • biopsy
  19. tx colitis:AAAPB
    • abx
    • anthlmintics
    • absorbants
    • probiotics
    • bland diet
  20. What 2 broad spectrum abx are given to tx colitis?DP
    • drontal plus
    • panacur
  21. What 3 abx are used to tx colitis and target anaerobic bacteria?MSS
    • metronidazole
    • sulfadimethoxine(albon)
    • sulfasalazine
  22. What 5 absorbents are given to tx colitis?APKPI
    • amformal
    • pepto
    • kaolin
    • pectin
    • imodium
  23. Probiotics restore good bacteria in the tx of colitis. Name 2
    • purina fortiflora
    • proviable
  24. What bland diet is given for colitis?
    boiled meat and rice
  25. What 3 organisms could cause colitis?CPI
    • coccidia
    • protozoa
    • isospora

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