Muscles of the spine

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Author:
bertoL
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234484
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Muscles of the spine
Updated:
2013-09-12 15:02:23
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Kiniesology
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Ch.4 Kiniesology
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  1. Erector Spinae is _____ to the spine
    superficoul
  2. Erector Spinae muscles from Medial to most later
    Spinalis, Longissimus, Iliocostalis
  3. Erector Spinae Actions Unilaterally
    Laterally flex vertebral column to the same side
  4. Erector Spinae Actions Bilaterally
    Extend the vertebral column
  5. Spinalis Origin
    Spinous process of the upper lumbar and lower thoracic vertebrae; Ligamentum nuchae, spinous process of C-7 (cervicis)
  6. Spinalis Insertion
    Spinous processes of upper thoracic; Spinous processes of cervicals, EXCEPT C-1
  7. Longissimus origin
    Common tendon (thoracic); Transverse processes of upper five thoracic vertebrae (cervicis and capitis)
  8. Longissismus insertion
    Lower nine ribs and transverse processes of thoracic vertebrae; Transverse processes of vervical vertebrae; Mastoid process of temporal bone.
  9. Iliocostalis Origin
    Common tendon (lumborum); Posterior surface of ribs 1-12 (Thoracic and cervicis)
  10. Iliocostalis Insertion
    Transverse processes of lumbar vertebrae 1-3 and posterior surface of ribs 6-12 (lumborum); Posterior surface of ribs 1-6 (Thoracic); Transverse Processes of lower vervicals (cervicis)
  11. Transversospinalis Group
    Deep to Erector Spinae group; composed of three branches
  12. Three branches of Transversopinalis Group
    Multifidi, rotatores, and simispinalis
  13. Multifidi are ____accessible in the ____spine. They are the only _____with fibers that lie accross the ____surface of the ______
    directly; lumbar; muscle; Posterior; sacrum
  14. _____ lie deep to the multifidi
    Rotatores
  15. ______ is located along thoracic and cervical vertebrae and ultimately reaches the ______
    semispinalis; cranium
  16. Semispinalis muscles form _____ seen on posterior neck when extended against _____
    speed bumps; resistance
  17. Multifidi and Rotatores Actions unilaterally
    rotate the Vertebral column tothe opposite side
  18. Multifidi and Rotatores Actions Bilaterally
    Extend the vertebral column
  19. Multifidi  Origin
    Sacrum and transverse processes of lumbar through cervical vertebrae
  20.  Rotatores Origin
    Transverse processes of lumbar through cervical vertebrae
  21. Multifidi and Rotatores Insertion
    Spinous processes of lumbar vertebrae through second cervical vertebrae. (M span 2-4 vertebrae) (R span 1-2 vertebrae)
  22. Semispinalis Capitis Action
    Extend the vertebral column and head
  23. Semispinalis Capitis Origin
    Transverse processess of C-4 to T-5
  24. Semispinalis Capitis Insertion
    Between the superior and inferior nuchal lines of the occiput
  25. ______ and _____ are located along the upper back and posterior neck
    Splenius capitis; Splenius cervicis
  26. Splenius Capitis are _____ to trapezius and rhombiods
    deep
  27. Splenius Cervicis are deep to ______; can be outlined in the lamina groove of the upper ____ and _____ spine
    Splenius Capitis; Thoarcic, cervical
  28. Splenius Capitis and Splenius Cervicis Action unilaterally
    Rotate the head and neck to the same side; Laterally flex the head and neck to the same side.
  29. Splenius Capitis and Splenius Cervicis Action Bilaterally
    Extend the head and neck
  30. Splenius Capitis Origin
    Inferior one-half of ligamentum nuchae and spinous processes of C-7 to T-4
  31.  Splenius Cervicis Action Origin
    Spinous processes of T-3 to T-6
  32. Splenius Capitis Instertion
    Mastoid process and lateral portion of superior nuchal line
  33.  Splenius Cervicis Insertion
    Transverse processes of C-1 to C-3
  34. ____ suboccipitals are the deepest ____ of the upper posterior neck.
    eight; muscles
  35. involved in stabilizing the axis and atlas and in creating intrinsic movements.....such as rocking, and tilting of the head.
    Suboccipitals
  36. Rectus Capitis Posterior Major Origin
    Spinous process of the axis (C-2)
  37. Rectus Capitis Posterior Major Insertion
    Inferior nuchal line of the occiput
  38. Rectus Capitis Posterior Minor Origin
    Tubercle of the posterior arch of the atlas (C-1)
  39. Rectus Capitis Posterior Minor Inseriton
    Inferior nuchal line of the occiput
  40. Oblique Capitis Superior Origin
    Transverse process of the atlas (c-1)
  41. Oblique Capitis Superior Insertion
    Between the nuchal lines of the occiput
  42. Oblique Capitis Inferior Origin
    Spinous process of the axis
  43. Oblique Capitis Inferior Insertion
    Transverse process of the atlas
  44. Muscle that spans between the transverse processes, and are the deepest muscles in the cervical and lumbar region
    Intertransversarii
  45. Intertransversarii Action Unilaterally
    Laterally flex the vertebral column to the same side
  46. Intertransversarii Action Bilaterally
    Extend the vertebral column
  47. Intertransversarii Origin and Insertion
    • Cervical:
    • Spanning the transverse processes of vertebrae C-2 to C-7

    • Lumbar:
    • Spanning the transverse processes of vertebrae L-1 to L-5
  48. Help extend the spine
    Interspinalis
  49. Interspinalis Action
    Extend the spine
  50. Interspinalis origin and Insertion
    • Cervical:
    • Spanning the spinous processes of C-2 to T-3

    • Lumbar:
    • Spanning the spinous processes of T-12 to L-5
  51. Finlike sheet of connective tissue that runs along the sagittal plane from the external occipital protuberance to the spinous process of C-7 in the neck
    Ligamentum nuchae
  52. Fuction of the ligamentum nuchae is to ____
    help stabilize the head and neck.
  53. Attachment site for muscles of the posterior neck
    Ligamentum nuchae
  54. Long and thin the ______ extends inferiorly from the ligamentum nuchae and continues down the spine and attaches to the spinous porcesses of the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae.
    Suprasinous Ligament
  55. Chief artery for carrying blood to the abdominal organs and lower appendages.
    Abdominal aorta
  56. broad, flat, thick diamond shaped tendon stretching across the thorax and lumbar regions.
    Thoracolumbar aponeurosis
  57. anchor for several muscles in the thorax and hips
    aponeurosis

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