BIO UNIT 1 Section 3

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drummerboy424
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234502
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BIO UNIT 1 Section 3
Updated:
2013-09-13 13:49:58
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BIO UNIT
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BIO UNIT 1
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  1. Nucleic Acids are polymers of :
    Nucleotides
  2. What kind of sugars are found in nucleic acids?
    5 carbon sugars.
  3. What two types of Nitrogenous bases are found in nucleic acids?
    • Pyrimidines 
    • Purines
  4. What are the 3 Pyrimidines?
    • Cytosine (C)
    • Uracil (U)
    • Thymine (T)
  5. What are the 2 Purines?
    • Guanine (G)
    • Adenine (A)
  6. New nucleotides can only be added onto the __ end!
    3'
  7. What are the 2 types of Nucleic Acids?
    • Ribonucleic Acids (RNA)
    • Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
  8. RNA Contains the sugar ____
    Ribose
  9. RNA is single stranded and contained what 4 nitrogenous bases?
    • Adenine (A)
    • Guanine (G)
    • Cytosine (C)
    • Uracil (U)
  10. DNA contains the sugar ______
    Deoxyribose
  11. DNA is double stranded and contains what nitrogenous bases?
    • Adenine (A) 
    • Guanine (G) 
    • Cytosine (C)
    • Thymine (T)
  12. RNA can store genetic information but not as universal as DNA due
    to its relative
    instability.
  13. the "m" in mRNA stands for:
    Messanger RNA
  14. The "t" in tRNA stands for:
    Transfer RNA
  15. the "r" in rRNA stands for:
    Ribosomal RNA
  16. RNA can have catalytic ability to:
    speed Up
  17. The names of the analyst that discovered the shape of DNA using X-Ray Crystallography Data were _______________ and _____________
    Franklin and Wilkins
  18. Which two people created the first model of DNA?
    Watson and Crick
  19. What is the function of DNA?
    Storage of genetic information.
  20. Carbohydrates are made up of:
    • Carbon
    • Oxygen
    • Hydrogen
  21. Carbohydrates Functional Groups are:
    • Hydroxyl groups
    • Carbonyl groups
  22. Different sugars can have same number of ____ _____ but different
    _________:
    carbon atoms, arrangement
  23. ________ bond is a bond between sugars
    Glycosidic
  24. Carbohydrates provide ______ to cells
    indetity
  25. The 4 functions of Carbohydrates are:
    • Provide identity to cells
    • Provide glucose source for cells
    • Have polysaccharides for cells
    • Help with cell walls.
  26. ___________ is found in bacterial cell walls
    peptidoglycan

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