ENVH CH 3

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Author:
cowzrule318
ID:
234518
Filename:
ENVH CH 3
Updated:
2013-09-17 15:14:28
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  1. The wordwide increase of development and use of new technology to increase the yield of food crops is termed the ________.
    Green Revolution
  2. The greatest single disadvantage of planting a single crop would be ________.
    Depletion of soil nutrients
  3. Where there is common land, air, or water, some people will take advantage of this and degrade the land and its resources to their own advantage and at the expense of others is termed ________.
    Tragedy of the commons
  4. A condition when fields remain unplanted for several years in order to regain moisture and nutrients.
    Fallowing
  5. The range of animal and plant species and the genetic variability of these species is referred to as ________.
    Biodiversity
  6. The continent with the most serious food shortages is ________.
    Africa
  7. Food quantity is expected to increase due primarily to ________.
    Increased yields
  8. People unable to acquire the basic food they need to function are considered ________
    Undernourished
  9. The ________ refers to that "demand level" corresponding to purchasing power without regard to food requirements.
    Effective demand
  10. World population rates rose sharply during ________.
    After WWII
  11. The primary greenhouse gas contributing to global warming is ________.
    CO2 (carbon dioxide)
  12. The notion where resource use and replacement come into balance and the discharge of pollutants is minimized.
    Sustainable development
  13. The most fertile of the world's soils lie in the:
    Temperate zone
  14. The continent experiencing the greatest loses from land degradation is ________.
    Asia
  15. T/F: Malthus published an article in 1789 stating that the human population is growing arithmetically.
    False
  16. T/F: Cornucopians are people who believe that the shear number of people aren't a problem, but that greater technology and innovation will easily sustain larger populations.
    True
  17. T/F: Gene guns are used to transfer genetic information to various plants.
    True
  18. T/F: The pioneer mentality should be continued while working toward a sustainable development.
    False
  19. T/F: Clay soils consist of gritty particles
    False
  20. T/F: One method of reducing soil erosion, where farmers plant on hillsides is termed terracing.
    True
  21. T/F: Soil erosion claims over a billion acres cropland annually around the globe.
    True
  22. T/F: Wetlands are boring areas with little or no importance.
    False
  23. T/F: The destruction and fragmentation of habitat is one major threat to biodiversity.
    True
  24. T/F: Acid deposition from the release of nitrogen and sulfur oxides have caused dramatic ecological effects in the United States.
    True
  25. T/F: The former Soviet Union has experienced a significant boost in agricultural production since 1989.
    False
  26. T/F: Chronic malnutrition is a difficult and pervasive problem resulting in a food security crisis in mainly LDCs.
    True
  27. T/F: Hunger is a persistent problem here in America.
    True
  28. T/F: Pessimists believing bad things will happen to the world as a result of unsustainable human populations are often referred to as neo-Malthusians.
    True
  29. T/F: LDCs continue to use natural gas as a primary fuel instead of wood for cooking and heating.
    False
  30. T/F: There is a widening of the wealth gap in many countries.
    True
  31. T/F: The pessimistic view warns that population momentum will propel humankind beyond the carrying capacity of the earth creating much human suffering.
    True
  32. T/F: The tropical rain forests are predominantly located in the temperate biome.
    False
  33. T/F: Soils best suited for agriculture are referred to as loam.
    True
  34. T/F: Marginal lands are increasingly less resilient to human and climatic disturbances.
    True
  35. What is the Green Revolution?
    The Green Revolution was established in the 1960's as a plan to increase crop yield by using technology to grow and cultivate crops. Technologies used include cross breeding and mutation by radiation, gene transfer using a gene gun, planting monocultures, and using computers and better fertilizers to promote greater crop yields
  36. What is the Tragedy of the Commons?
    The Tragedy of the Commons is when a person or persons degrade an environment by overgrazing and overexploiting resources for their own advantages and usually at the expense of others and future generations.

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