Earth science eighth grade chapter 2

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andreafogle
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234542
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Earth science eighth grade chapter 2
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2013-09-12 19:01:00
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Chapter Earth science
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Earth science eighth grade chapter 2
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  1. The shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and landforms.
    Topography
  2. The height above sea level of a point on Earth's surface
    Elevation
  3. The difference between the highest and lowest parts of an area
    Relief
  4. A feature of topography, such as a hill or Valley, formed by the processes that shape Earth's surface.
    Landform
  5. A landform made up of nearly flat or gently rolling land with  low relief.
    Plains
  6. A landform with high elevation and high relief.
    Mountain
  7. A group of mountains that are closely related in shape, structure, and age.
    Mountain range
  8. A landform that has high elevation and more or less surface.
    Plateau
  9. What are two types of plains in the United States?
    • Coastal plain
    • Interior plain
  10. What are the three main types of landforms?
    Plains, mountains, plateaus
  11. Name two coastal Plains
    Atlantic coastal plain, Gulf coastal plain
  12. Areas once covered by the oceans
    Coastal Plains
  13. What is the nickname of the interior plains?
    The Great Plains
  14. Name two interior plains
    The breadbasket, tornado alley
  15. What area does the interior or Great Plains cover?
    The majority of the United States
  16. What are the four types of mountains?
    Folded mountains, Fault block mountains,Up warped  mountains, Volcanic mountains
  17. Give an example of a volcanic mountain
    Mount Saint Helens
  18. Give an example of a folded mountain In North America, Asia, Africa, Australia, Europe, Antarctica.
    • North America – Rockies, Appalachian
    • Asia – Himalayan
    • Africa – Atlas
    • Australia – great dividing Range
    • Europe – Alps, Ural, Pyrenees
    • Antarctica –Transantarctic Mountains
  19. Give an example of fault block mountains
    The Sierra in Nevada and the Grand Tetons
  20. Give an example of up warped mountains
    The Black Hills
  21. How are folded mountains formed
    By the folding of rock layers by compressed forces
  22. How are fault block mountains formed
    by earthquake faults
  23. How are up warped mountains formed
    Forces inside the earth push up and bend the plates.
  24. A flat model of all or part of Earth's surface from above
    Map
  25. Lines that run north to south and measure the distance east to west
    Longitude
  26. Lines that run east to west and measure north and south
    Latitude
  27. What are the four types of map projection?
    Mercator projection, equal area projection, conic projection, polar projection
  28. Framework of lines that help in transferring points on Earth's three-dimensional surface onto a flat map.
    Map projection
  29. A line halfway between the north and south poles that forms an imaginary line that circles the Earth.
    Equator
  30. One half of the sphere that makes up the Earth's surface
    Hemisphere
  31. An imaginary line that makes a half circle from the north pole to the South Pole
    Prime Meridian
  32. A map showing the surface features of an area
    Topographic map
  33. Map makers use what to represent elevation, relief, and slope on topographic maps?
    Contour lines
  34. The change in elevation from contour line to contour line
    Contour interval
  35. What is labeled with the elevation in around units such as 1600 or 2000 feet above sea level?
    Index contours
  36. To read a topographic map, you must familiarize yourself with what?
    The maps scale and symbols and interpret the maps contour lines
  37. What line is used to show areas below sea level
    Hatcher line
  38. A unit used to measure distances around a circle
    Degree
  39. A list of symbols used on a map
    Key
  40. On the map, pictures used by mapmakers to stand for features on Earth's surface
    Symbol
  41. Used to compare distance on a map or globe to distance on Earth's surface
    Scale
  42. A sphere that represents Earth's entire surface
    Globe
  43. The process of gathering data for a map by using instruments and the principle of geometry to determine distance and elevations
    Surveying
  44. Converting information to numbers for use by a computer
    Digitizing
  45. Pictures of the land surface based on computer data collected from satellites.
    Satellite images
  46. Tiny dots on a satellite image
    Pixels
  47. A method of finding latitude and longitude using a network of satellites.
    Global positioning system
  48. I landform that has high elevation but I'm mostly flat surface
    Plateau
  49. The equator divides Earth into two equal halves called what?
    Hemispheres

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