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The space located at the front of the elbow.
The major trunk of the arterial system of the body. The aorta arises from the upper surface of the left ventricle.
involves measuring the apical pulse at the same time as the radial pulse for a duration of 1 full minute. Is performed to determine whether a pulse deficit is present.
A pulse with an increased volume that feels very strong and full.
An abnormally slow heart rate (less than 60 beats per minute).
An irregular rhythm; also termed arrhythmia.
Between the ribs.
means that not all of the heartbeats are reaching the peripheral arteries. It exists when the radial pulse rate is less than the apical pulse rate.
The difference between the systolic and diastolic and diastolic pressures.
The time interval between heartbeats.
The strength of the heartbeat.
An abnormally fast heart rate (more than 100 beats per minute).
A pulse with a decreased volume that feels weak and thin.
Explain the mechanism of pulse:
When the left ventricle of the heart contracts, blood is forced from the heart into the aorta. The aorta is already filled with blood and must expand to accept the blood being pushed out of the left ventricle. This creates a pulsating wave that travels from the aorta through the walls of the arterial system. This wave, known as the pulse, can be felt as a light tap by an examiner.
List the 7 factors that affect the pulse rate:
List the 10 pulse sites:
Normal pulse range for Infant (Birth to 1 yr):
Normal pulse range for Toddler (1-3yr):
Normal pulse range for Preschool child (3-6 yr):
Normal pulse range for School-age child (6-12 yr):
Normal pulse range for adolescent (12-18 yr):
Normal pulse range for an Adult (after 18th yr):
Normal pulse range for Adults (after 60th year):
Normal pulse range for Well-trained athletes:
The pulse rate is measured by:
The pulse rate is measured by counting the number of "taps," or beats per minute. The heart rate can be determined by taking the pulse rate.
Normal Pulse range for an healthy adult:
3 things you check when taking a pulse:
Which two fingers do you never use to check pulse:
Thumb and first finger (pointer finger)
Use for Radial Pulse:
used by individuals at home monitoring their own heart rates, such as athletes, patients taking heart medication, and individuals starting an exercise program.
Use for Apical Pulse:
used to measure pulse in infants and in children up to 3 years old because the other sites are difficult to palpate accurately in these age groups. Located at the 5th intercostal space to the left of midclavicular line.
Use for Brachial Pulse:
used to take blood pressure, to measure pulse in infants during cardiac arrest, and to assess the status of circulation to the hand. (space at the front of the elbow "anticubital space")
Use for the Ulnar Pulse:
used to assess the status of circulation to the hand. Little finger side of the wrist.
Use for Temporal Pulse:
Used to measure pulse when the radial pulse is inaccessible. It is also and easy access site to assess pule in children.
Use for Carotid Pulse:
Used to measure pulse in infants and children and adults during cardiac arrest. The carotid site is commonly used by individuals to monitor pulse during exercise.
Use for Femoral Pulse:
used to measure pulse in infants and children and in adults during cardiac arrest and to assess the status of circulation to the lower leg.
Use for Popliteal Pulse:
used to measure blood pressure when the brachial pulse is inaccessible and to assess the status of circulation to the lower leg.
Use for Posterior Tibial Pulse:
used to assess the status of circulation to the foot.
Use for Dorsalis Pedis Pulse:
used to assess the status of circulation to the foot. Located on top of foot under the surface between the 1st and 2nd metatarsal bones.
4 Guidelines you should follow when measuring vital signs:
1. Be familiar with the normal ranges for all vital signs.
2. Make sure that all equipment for measuring vital signs is in proper working condition.
3. Eliminate or minimize factors that affect the vital signs.
4. Use an organized approach when measuring the vital signs.