Clinicals Pulse Test.txt

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Clinicals Pulse Test.txt
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  1. Antecubital Space:
    The space located at the front of the elbow.
  2. Aorta:
    The major trunk of the arterial system of the body. The aorta arises from the upper surface of the left ventricle.
  3. Apical-radial pulse:
    involves measuring the apical pulse at the same time as the radial pulse for a duration of 1 full minute. Is performed to determine whether a pulse deficit is present.
  4. Bounding Pulse:
    A pulse with an increased volume that feels very strong and full.
  5. Bradycardia:
    An abnormally slow heart rate (less than 60 beats per minute).
  6. Dysrhythmia:
    An irregular rhythm; also termed arrhythmia.
  7. Intercostal:
    Between the ribs.
  8. Pulse Deficit:
    means that not all of the heartbeats are reaching the peripheral arteries. It exists when the radial pulse rate is less than the apical pulse rate.
  9. Pulse Pressure:
    The difference between the systolic and diastolic and diastolic pressures.
  10. Pulse Rhythm:
    The time interval between heartbeats.
  11. Pulse Volume:
    The strength of the heartbeat.
  12. Tachycardia:
    An abnormally fast heart rate (more than 100 beats per minute).
  13. Thready Pulse:
    A pulse with a decreased volume that feels weak and thin.
  14. Explain the mechanism of pulse:
    When the left ventricle of the heart contracts, blood is forced from the heart into the aorta. The aorta is already filled with blood and must expand to accept the blood being pushed out of the left ventricle. This creates a pulsating wave that travels from the aorta through the walls of the arterial system. This wave, known as the pulse, can be felt as a light tap by an examiner.
  15. List the 7 factors that affect the pulse rate:
    Age

    Gender

    Physical Activity

    Emotional States

    Metabolism

    Fever

    Medications
  16. List the 10 pulse sites:
    Radial

    Apical

    Brachial

    Ulnar

    Temporal

    Carotid

    Femoral

    Popliteal

    Posterior Tibial

    Dorsalis Pedis
  17. Normal pulse range for Infant (Birth to 1 yr):
    120-160 bpm
  18. Normal pulse range for Toddler (1-3yr):
    90-140 bpm
  19. Normal pulse range for Preschool child (3-6 yr):
    80-110 bpm
  20. Normal pulse range for School-age child (6-12 yr):
    75-105 bpm
  21. Normal pulse range for adolescent (12-18 yr):
    60-100 bpm
  22. Normal pulse range for an Adult (after 18th yr):
    60-100 bpm
  23. Normal pulse range for Adults (after 60th year):
    67-80 bpm
  24. Normal pulse range for Well-trained athletes:
    40-60 bpm
  25. The pulse rate is measured by:
    The pulse rate is measured by counting the number of "taps," or beats per minute. The heart rate can be determined by taking the pulse rate.
  26. Normal Pulse range for an healthy adult:
    60-100 bpm
  27. 3 things you check when taking a pulse:
    Pulse Rate

    Pulse Rhythm

    Pulse Volume
  28. Which two fingers do you never use to check pulse:
    Thumb and first finger (pointer finger)
  29. Use for Radial Pulse:
    used by individuals at home monitoring their own heart rates, such as athletes, patients taking heart medication, and individuals starting an exercise program.
  30. Use for Apical Pulse:
    used to measure pulse in infants and in children up to 3 years old because the other sites are difficult to palpate accurately in these age groups. Located at the 5th intercostal space to the left of midclavicular line.
  31. Use for Brachial Pulse:
    used to take blood pressure, to measure pulse in infants during cardiac arrest, and to assess the status of circulation to the hand. (space at the front of the elbow "anticubital space")
  32. Use for the Ulnar Pulse:
    used to assess the status of circulation to the hand. Little finger side of the wrist.
  33. Use for Temporal Pulse:
    Used to measure pulse when the radial pulse is inaccessible. It is also and easy access site to assess pule in children.
  34. Use for Carotid Pulse:
    Used to measure pulse in infants and children and adults during cardiac arrest. The carotid site is commonly used by individuals to monitor pulse during exercise.
  35. Use for Femoral Pulse:
    used to measure pulse in infants and children and in adults during cardiac arrest and to assess the status of circulation to the lower leg.
  36. Use for Popliteal Pulse:
    used to measure blood pressure when the brachial pulse is inaccessible and to assess the status of circulation to the lower leg.
  37. Use for Posterior Tibial Pulse:
    used to assess the status of circulation to the foot.
  38. Use for Dorsalis Pedis Pulse:
    used to assess the status of circulation to the foot. Located on top of foot under the surface between the 1st and 2nd metatarsal bones.
  39. 4 Guidelines you should follow when measuring vital signs:
    1. Be familiar with the normal ranges for all vital signs.

    2. Make sure that all equipment for measuring vital signs is in proper working condition.

    3. Eliminate or minimize factors that affect the vital signs.

    4. Use an organized approach when measuring the vital signs.

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