· Summarize the process of lysosome functions.
They contain hydrolases (digestive enzymes), and they are the sites where macromolecules—proteins, polysaccharides, nucleic acids, and lipids—are hydrolyzed into their monomers
a small vesicle containing macromolecules called a phagosome, which breaks free of the plasma membrane to move into the cytoplasm. The phagosome fuses with a primary lysosome to form a secondary lysosome, in which hydrolysis occurs, it now contains undigested particles. It (secondary), then moves to the plasma membrane, fuses with it, and releases the undigested contents to the environment.