Equine CPCR & Thoracic Trauma

Card Set Information

Author:
HLW
ID:
234604
Filename:
Equine CPCR & Thoracic Trauma
Updated:
2013-09-12 23:28:49
Tags:
Equine CPCR Thoracic Trauma
Folders:

Description:
Equine CPCR & Thoracic Trauma
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user HLW on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. 3 CONDITIONS IN THE MARE THAT PREDISPOSE FOAL TO CP ARREST? 4
    • PLACENTITIS/PREMATURE MILK LETDOWN
    • VAGINAL DISCHARGE BEFORE PARTURITION
    • PRECOCIOUS UDDER DEVELOPMENT
    • C-SECTION
  2. 3 INDICATIONS FOR CPCR IN A FOAL?
    • APNEA
    • HR <40-50
    • IRREGULAR BREATHS >30
  3. 3 CAUSES OF ASPHYXIA IN NEWBORN FOAL 4:
    • PREMATURE SEPARATION OF MEMBRANES
    • TWISETED CORD
    • OBSTRUCTION OF AIRWAY BY MEMBRANES
    • PROLONGED DYSTOCIA
  4. ROUTES OF ADMINISTRATION FOR EMERGENCY DRUGS?
    • IO
    • IV
    • INTRATRACHEAL
  5. LIST 3 NORMAL/NONPATHOLOGIC ARRHYTHMIAS OF THE NEWBORN FOAL?
    • WANDERING PACEMAKER
    • APC
    • VPC
    • ATRIAL FIB
  6. IN THE FOAL, HOW MANY COMPRESSIONS/MIN FOR RESUSCITATION?
    80-120
  7. WHAT IS THE DRUG OF CHOICE FOR RESUSCITATION? DOSE?
    EPINEPHRINE 0.01-0.02MG/KG
  8. 2 INDICATIONS THAT RESUSCITATION IS SUCCESSFUL?
    • PLR
    • CAPNOGRAPH / ETCO2 >15 → BETTER PROGNOSIS COMPARED TO PERSISTENTLY <10MMHG (NORMAL >40MMHG)
  9. NORMAL HR FOR NEONATE FOAL?
    70BPM
  10. MAX PRESSURE OF PPV FOR 1ST BREATH IN FOAL?
    30-40MMH20
  11. WHAT 2 ARRHYTHMIAS WILL RESPOND TO DEFIBRILLATION?
    • V TACH
    • V FIB
  12. SHOCK RATE FOR FOAL?
    60 – 90 ML/KG
  13. TX OF CHOICE FOR BRADYCARDIA IN A FOAL?
    COMPRESSIONS
  14. WHY IS DOXAPRAM CONTRAINDICATED IN FOALS?
    • ↓CEREBRAL PERFUSION
    • ↑MYOCARDIAL CONSUMPTION OF O2
  15. E-LYTE ABNORMALITIES WITH URINARY OBSTRUCTION?
    HYPERK, HYPONA, HYPOCL
  16. HOW MANY COMPRESSIONS : BREATHS/MIN TO ENSURE ADEQUATE CO?
    10-20 BPM
  17. WHEN CAN YOU D/C CPCR IN A FOAL?
    • HR >60
    • SPONTANEOUS BREATHING
  18. DURATION OF GLYCOGEN STORES IN FOAL?
    2 HOURS (STANDING @ 1HR, POOP @ 3)
  19. WHAT IS THE BEST METHOD FOR RESPIRATORY SUPPORT IN A FOAL?
    NASOTRACHEAL TUBE
  20. WHAT DRUGS ARE CONTRAINDICATED IN A FOAL?
    • SODIUM BICARB
    • ATROPINE (BRADYCARDIA NOT VAGALLY MEDIATED)
    • CA GLUCONATE (DISRUPTS MYOCARDIAL FUNCTION)
    • HIGH DOSES OF EPI (BASED ON HUMAN NEONATE REPORTS)
  21. WHAT ARE 3 VARIABLE C/S OF HYPOVOLEMIA IN THE FOAL?
    • TACHYCARDIA
    • COLD EXTREMITIES
    • WEAK PULSES
    • MM
  22. WHAT IS THE LONGEST DURATION 100% O2 CAN BE ADMINISTERED W/O SIGNS OF TOXICITY?
    24-48HRS (ABSOLUTE LONGEST- TOXICITY OCCURS AT THIS TIME)
  23. NORMAL FOAL USG?
    1.008
  24. 2 REASONS FOR ↑CREAT IN FOAL?
    • HYPOVOLEMIA(COMPROMISED PLACENTAL FUNCTION IN UTERO MAY AFFECT ABILITY TO ACCURATELY PREDICT HYPOVOLEMIA)
    • RUPTURED BLADDER
  25. WHAT IS THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF CARDIAC ARREST IN FOAL?
    HYPOVOLEMIA
  26. MOST POTENT BRONCHODILATOR IN HORSES?
    ATROPINE
  27. LOCATION FOR THORACOTOMY WITH PNEUMOTHORAX?
    ICS 12-13
  28. LOCATION FOR THORACOTOMY WITH PLEURAL EFFUSION?
    ICS 6-8
  29. COMPLETE OR INCOMPLETE MEDIASTINUM IN HORSES?
    INCOMPLETE- FENESTRATIONS LOCATED CAUDOVENTRALLY AND CAN BECOME OBSTRUCTED WITH FIBRIN
  30. CAUSES OF ARTERIAL HYPOVENTILATION?
    • TRUE SHUNT
    • DIFFUSION IMPAIRMENT
    • VQ MISMATCH
    • R → L SHUNT
  31. WHICH OF THE ABOVE CANNOT BE CORRECTED?
    R → L SHUNT
  32. WHAT IS FLAIL CHEST?
    3+ RIBS FRACTURED IN 2+ LOCATIONS
  33. PPV IS INDICATED WHEN PAO2 REACHES..?
    <60MMHG
  34. HOW DOES PNEUMOTHORAX LEAD TO HYPOXEMIA (I THINK THAT’S HOW SHE WORDED THE Q)?
    ↑PRESS IN THORAX →↓PRELOAD → ↓ CO
  35. RELATIVE TO THE RIB, WHERE ARE INTERCOSTAL VEINS/ARTERIES/NERVES LOCATED?
    CAUDALLY
  36. WHAT ARE THE 2 MOST COMMON RESPIRATORY DISORDERS OF ICU P’S?
    • RESPIRATORY DISTRESS (SNAKE BITES, HEAVES)
    • PLEURAL PNEUMONIA
  37. 3 COMPLICATIONS OF DRAINING PLEURAL FLUID?
    • HYPOVOLEMIA
    • CLOT DISRUPTION
    • PLEURITIS
    • PNEUMOTHORAX
  38. BENEFIT OF NEBULIZATION?
    DIRECTLY ACTS ON LUNGS W/O SYSTEMIC FX’S
  39. WHAT VEIN SHOULD BE USED IN THE EVENT OF JUGULAR THROMBOSIS?
    LAT THORACIC
  40. ART’S USED FOR ARTERIAL BLOOD GAS?
    • FACIAL
    • TRANS FACIAL
    • CAROTID
  41. PATTERN OBSERVED WITH FLAIL CHEST?
    PARADOXICAL RESPIRATION
  42. 3 SIDE FX OF OPIOIDS IN HORSES?
    • ↓GI MOTILITY/ILEUS
    • HYPEREXCITABILITY
    • ATAXIA
  43. WHAT IS ↓ PAO2 CALLED?
    HYPOXEMIA
  44. WHAT IS THE MOST SENSITIVE DX FOR RIB FRACTURES?
    U/S
  45. WHERE WOULD YOU AUSCULTATE FOR PNEUMOTHORAX? HEMOTHORAX?
    • PNEUMO: ↓SOUNDS DORSALLY
    • HEMO: ↓SOUNDS VENTRALLY
  46. HOW WOULD YOU DX A DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA?
    U/S & RADS
  47. WHICH SIDE IS PREFERRED FOR ACCESS TO THE CAROTID A’S?
    • RIGHT
    • TX FOR AXILLARY WOUNDS?
    • PACK THE WOUND AND CLOSE (PREVENT SQ EMPHYSEMA)
  48. MOST COMMON CAUSE OF PULMONARY DYSFUNCTION WITH FLAIL CHEST?
    PULMONARY CONTUSIONS
  49. MOST COMMON CAUSE OF NASAL OBSTRUCTION?
    SNAKE BITES
  50. 3 LOCATIONS FOR PLACEMENT OF PULSE OX?
    • NASAL ALAR FOLD
    • TONGUE
    • VULVA
    • EAR PINNA
  51. C/S OF DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA?
    • DYSPNEA/TACHYPNEA
    • COLIC
    • EXERCISE INTOLERANCE
  52. [O2] OF ROOM AIR?
    21%
  53. WHAT IS LOCATED WITHIN THE MEDIASTINUM?
    • HEART
    • LN
    • NERVES
    • GREAT VESSELS
  54. WHAT FACTORS CAN AFFECT PULSE OX?
    • SKIN PIGMENTATION
    • MOVEMENT
    • LIGHT
    • ANEMIA
  55. WHAT IS USALLY AUSCULTATED IN A HORSE WITH LOWER AIRWAY DZ?
    CRACKLES
  56. HOW CAN YOU DETERMINE IF IT IS SAFE TO REMOVE TRACHEOSTOMY TUBE?
    OCCLUDE OPENING- HORSE STILL BREATHS
  57. TERM FOR LUNG PAIN?
    PLEURODYNIA
  58. WHAT IS THE MAX FIO2 YOU CAN ACHIEVE WITH A NASAL CANULA?
    ~30%
  59. WHAT PERCENT OF O2 IS DISSOLVED?
    <1% , OXYHEMOGLOBIN IS 98.5%

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview