ClinMedV: Diseases of the Digestive Sytem (GI tract and esophagus)

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  1. Dysphagia
    difficulty swallowing
  2. requrgitation
    not digested food
  3. vomiting
    digested food
  4. Hx taking should include:V/R,D,P,C,AED,D,DI,ED,M,V,D,GC,OS
    • v+ vs. regurgitation
    • duration
    • progression
    • contents
    • assoc. w/ eating or drinking
    • description
    • dietary indescretion
    • exposure to disease
    • meds
    • vx
    • deworming
    • general condition
    • other symptoms
  5. Common GI tx:HPPAAAFNP
    • h2 blockers
    • proton pump inhibitors
    • protectants
    • anti-emetics
    • abx
    • anthelmintics
    • fluids
    • nutritional support(bland diet)
    • probiotics
  6. What tx reduces acid secretionsand blocks histamine from binding to the parietal cells in the stomach?
    h2 blockers
  7. Name some h2 blockers:C/T,R/Z,F/P
    • cimetidine(Tagamet)
    • rantidine(Zantac)
    • famotidine(Pepsid)
  8. Name a proton pump inhibitor:O/P
    omeprazole (Prilosec)
  9. What tx may affect the absorption of other drugs?
    protectants
  10. Name a protectant:S
    sucralfate
  11. Name 2 anti-emetics:MC/C,M/R
    • maropitant citrate (Cerenia)
    • metoclopramide(Reglan)
  12. How many causes are there for v+ and d+?
    200
  13. What is acid reflux or ingestion of irritant?
    esophagitis
  14. What is foreign body or food,tumor, and stricture?
    obstruction
  15. 2 causes of stricture:MI
    • previous meds
    • injury
  16. Name an example of a motility problem
    megaesophagus
  17. Megaesophagus can be _ or _
    • cogenital
    • neurological
  18. Megaesophagus is the lack of effective esophageal peristalsis leading to dilation,_(PRAA)_,_.
    • cogenital(PRAA)inherited
    • aquired
  19. c.s. megaesophagus:CR,W,S,A,P
    • chronic regurgitation
    • wt loss
    • stunted growth
    • aspiration
    • pnuemonia
  20. dx megaesophagus:R/B
    radiographs with barium
  21. tx megaesophagus:E,S,,M/R,G
    • elevated feeding
    • small meals throughout day
    • motility agents(Reglan)
    • gastrotomy tubes
  22. prognosis megaesophagus:
    poor no cure
  23. Why should we check under the tongue of cats during a physical exam?
    to look for string that could cause a foreign body
  24. Where are most foreign bodies found?
    pyloric sphincter

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
234620
Filename:
ClinMedV: Diseases of the Digestive Sytem (GI tract and esophagus)
Updated:
2013-09-13 07:53:57
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VTI
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