ClinMedV:Diseases of the digestive tract(stomach and small intestine)

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
234623
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ClinMedV:Diseases of the digestive tract(stomach and small intestine)
Updated:
2013-09-13 04:25:21
Tags:
vti
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vti
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  1. What is the most common dz of the stomach?
    gastritis
  2. what are 2 causes of gastritis?
    diet or infectious
  3. What may gastritis also involve?
    small intestine (gastroenteritis)
  4. Conservative tx of gastritis is ok but what may be done prn?
    further testing
  5. foreign object, food, anatomical?
    obstruction
  6. c.s. of obstruction: SIPV
    severe intractable progressive v+
  7. dx obstruction:CUE
    • contrast
    • ultrasound
    • exploratory sx
  8. tx obstruction:SE
    sx removal w/ endoscope
  9. causes of ulceration:DSTTPSA
    • drugs
    • systemic dz
    • truama
    • tumor
    • parasites
    • stress
    • high acid levels
  10. The ulcer can proliferate causing _.
    peritonitis
  11. c.s. ulceration: VF/D,A,W
    • v+ fresh or digested
    • anorexia
    • weight loss
  12. dx ulceration:BI
    • blood work
    • imaging
  13. tx ulceration:CGA
    • correct underlying problem
    • GI protectants
    • acid reducers
  14. Stomach tumrs are usually malignant and agressive name 2:LC
    • lymphoma
    • carcinoma
  15. dx tumor
    biopsy
  16. tx tumor
    • chemo
    • radiation
    • sx
  17. IBD is a chronic condition in dogs and cats and stands for
    inflammatory bowel disease
  18. What 3 things can IBD affect?
    • stomach
    • small intestine
    • large intestine
  19. c.s. IBD stomach
    v+
  20. c.s. IBD small intestine
    v+ or d+
  21. c.s. IBD colon
    d+
  22. c.s. IBD dog
    d+
  23. c.s. IBD cat
    v+
  24. symptoms IBD:IW
    • intermittent GI signs
    • weight loss
  25. dx of IBD
    exclusion
  26. tx IBD is multifacited: PIFDSI
    • tx parasites
    • tx infx
    • tx food allergy
    • diet
    • steroids
    • immunosuppressive drugs
  27. Name 3 parasiticides:PP/S,F/P,P/D
    • pyrantel pamoate (strongid)
    • fenbenazole (panacur)
    • praziquantel(drocit)
  28. What drug combines teh 3 previous parasiticides?
    Drontal
  29. pyrantel pamoate (strongid) treats
    • round
    • hook
    • whip
  30. fenbenazole (panacur) treats
    • round
    • hook
    • whip
  31. praziquantel (droncit) treats
    tapes
  32. Tumors of the intestine can be in:LWML
    • lumen
    • wall
    • mesentary
    • lymph nodes
  33. The most common intestinal neoplasia in dogs and cats
    lymphoma
  34. not an exact dx, means enteric inflammation, and has many causes (bact,virus,diet, parasite,etc)
    • enteritis
    • gastroenteritis
  35. dx enteritis/gastroenteritis
    rule out more severe dz
  36. tx enteritis/gastroenteritis
    symptomatic
  37. steatorrhea
    fat in feces
  38. tenesmus
    painful ineffective straining
  39. dyschezia
    difficult or painful evacuation of feces from the rectum
  40. melena
    • black tarry feces
    • associated with GI hemorrhage
  41. hemarochezia
    blood in v+

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